1887
Volume 21, Issue 2
  • ISSN 1569-2159
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9862
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Abstract

In this article we study the discursive construction of the EU managerial role in the early stages of the Covid-19 pandemic in four Spanish newspapers: two published in mainland Spain – and  – and two published in Catalonia – and . By doing a qualitative study of newspapers, this article aims to identify which discourse strategies are used when informing about the actions and decisions taken in European political and economic fora. The analysis identifies the three main generic frames which are used in news pieces: morality (mostly as a call for solidarity), economic (mostly as preventing possible harm), and conflict (focused on divide(s) within (EU)rope). The activation of these frames in the news pieces contribute to an implicit legitimation of the existence of (EU)rope as based on two core values – solidarity and cooperation – together with a delegitimation of the actions performed by some European institutions.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/jlp.21065.fil
2022-02-07
2022-05-21
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Aleixandre-Benavent, Rafael, Lourdes Castelló-Cogollos, and Juan-Carlos Valderrama-Zurián
    2020 “Información y comunicación durante los primeros meses de Covid-19. Infodemia, desinformación y papel de los profesionales de la información [Information and communication in the first months of Covid-19. Infodemic, desinformation and the role of information professionals.” Profesional de la información29 (4): e290408. 10.3145/epi.2020.jul.08
    https://doi.org/10.3145/epi.2020.jul.08 [Google Scholar]
  2. Bennett, Samuel
    2019 “Values as Tools of Legitimation in EU and UK Brexit Discourses.” InDiscourses of Brexit, edited byVeronika Koller, Susanne Kopf, and Marlene Miglbauer, 17–32. London: Routledge. 10.4324/9781351041867‑2
    https://doi.org/10.4324/9781351041867-2 [Google Scholar]
  3. 2022 “Mythopoetic Legitimation and the Recontextualisation of Europe’s Foundational Myth”. Journal of Language and Politics. 10.1075/jlp.21070.ben.
    https://doi.org/10.1075/jlp.21070.ben [Google Scholar]
  4. Berger, Peter L., and Thomas Luckmann
    1968La construcción social de la realidad [The social construction of reality] (1st ed). Buenos Aires: Amorrortu.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Besalú, Reinald
    2020 “Pandemia y medios de comunicación convencionales [Pandemic and conventional mass media].” InComunicación política en tiempos de coronavirus [Political communication in the times of coronavirus], edited byAntoni Gutiérrez-Rubí, and Carles Pont Sorribes, 104–108. Barcelona: Cátedra Ideograma-UPF de Comunicación Política y Democracia.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Borrat, Héctor
    1989El periódico, actor político [The newspaper, political actor]. Barcelona: Gustavo Gili.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Casero-Ripollés, Andreu
    2020 “Impact of Covid-19 on the Media System. Communicative and Democratic Consequences of News Consumption during the Outbreak.” El profesional de la información29 (2): e290223. 10.3145/epi.2020.mar.23
    https://doi.org/10.3145/epi.2020.mar.23 [Google Scholar]
  8. Castelló, Enric
    2012La mediatización del conflicto. Discursos y narrativas en el contexto español [The mediatization of conflict. Discourses and narratives in the Spanish context]. Barcelona: Laertes.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Castillo-Esparcia, Antonio, Ana-Belén Fernández-Souto, and Iván Puentes-Rivera
    2020 “Comunicación política y Covid-19. Estrategias del Gobierno de España [Political communication and covid-10. Strategies by the Spanish Government].”, Profesional de la información29 (4): e290419. 10.3145/epi.2020.jul.19
    https://doi.org/10.3145/epi.2020.jul.19 [Google Scholar]
  10. Cap, Piotr
    2008Legitimisation in Political Discourse: A Cross- Disciplinary Perspective on the Modern US War Rhetoric. Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Charteris-Black, Jonathan
    2005Politicians and Rhetoric. The Persuasive Power of Metaphor. London: Palgrave Macmillan. 10.1057/9780230501706
    https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230501706 [Google Scholar]
  12. Daniele, Gianmarco, Andrea F. M. Martinangeli, Francesco Passarelli, Willem Sas, and Lisa Windsteiger
    2020 “Covid-19 and Socio-political Attitudes in Europe: In Competence We Trust”. VoxEU.org, October1 2020 https://voxeu.org/article/covid-19-and-socio-political-attitudes-europe
    [Google Scholar]
  13. De Vreese, Claes H.
    2005 “News Framing: Theory and Typology.” Information Design Journal + Document Design13 (1): 51–62. 10.1075/idjdd.13.1.06vre
    https://doi.org/10.1075/idjdd.13.1.06vre [Google Scholar]
  14. Dennison, Susi, and Pawel Zerka
    2020 “Together in Trauma: Europeans and the World after Covid-19. Policy Brief”. European Council on Foreign Relations, June29 2020 https://ecfr.eu/publication/together_in_trauma_europeans_and_the_world_after_covid_19/
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Domínguez, Fernando
    2006Más allá de la nación. La idea de España como ‘Nación de naciones’ [Beyond the nation. The idea of Spain as a ‘Nation of nations’]. Barcelona: Fundació Rafael Campalans.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Drewski, Daniel
    2015 “Has there been a European public discourse on the euro crisis? A content analysis of German and Spanish newspaper editorials.” Javnost-The Public22 (3): 264–282. 10.1080/13183222.2015.1059629
    https://doi.org/10.1080/13183222.2015.1059629 [Google Scholar]
  17. Eichengreen, Barry
    2021 “Two faces of populism”. VoxEU.org, October29 2019 https://voxeu.org/article/two-faces-populism
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Entman, Robert
    1993 “Framing: Toward Clarification of a Fractured Paradigm.” Journal of Communication43 (4): 51–58. 10.1111/j.1460‑2466.1993.tb01304.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-2466.1993.tb01304.x [Google Scholar]
  19. European Parliament
    European Parliament 2018 “Brexit Effect: Public Opinion Survey Shows that EU is More Appreciated than Ever”. Press Release, October17 2018 https://bit.ly/2SI8fUe
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Fairclough, Norman
    1989Language and Power. London: Longman.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Fairclough, Norman, and Ruth Wodak
    1997 “Critical Discourse Analysis.” InDiscourse as Social Interaction: Discourse Studies: A Multidisciplinary Introduction, vol.2, edited byTeun A. van Dijk, 258–84. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Filardo-Llamas, Laura
    2013 “‘Committed to the Ideals of 1916’. The Language of Paramilitary Groups: The Case of the Irish Republican Army.” Critical Discourse Studies10 (1): 1–17. 10.1080/17405904.2012.736396
    https://doi.org/10.1080/17405904.2012.736396 [Google Scholar]
  23. 2021 “From the war on Covid-19 to political wars: Metaphor and polarization in the early stages of the 2020 pandemic”. In Discursive Approaches to Sociopolitical Polarization and Conflict, edited byLaura Filardo-Llamas, Esperanza Morales-López and Alan Floyd, 192–212. London: Routedge. 10.4324/9781003094005‑12
    https://doi.org/10.4324/9781003094005-12 [Google Scholar]
  24. Forchtner, Bernard, and Özgür Özvatan
    2022 “De/legitimising EUrope through the Performance of Crises: the Far-right Alternative for Germany on “Climate Hysteria” and “Corona Hysteria”. Journal of Language and Politics. 10.1075/jlp.21064.for
    https://doi.org/10.1075/jlp.21064.for [Google Scholar]
  25. 2019 “Beyond the ‘German Forest’: Environmental Communication by the Far Right in Germany.” The Far Right and the Environment: Politics, Discourse and Communication, edited byBernard Forchtner, 216–236. London: Routledge. 10.4324/9781351104043‑13
    https://doi.org/10.4324/9781351104043-13 [Google Scholar]
  26. Flusberg, Stephen J., Teenie Matlock, and Paul H. Thibodeau
    2018 “War Metaphors in Public Discourse.” Metaphor and Symbol33 (1): 1–18. 10.1080/10926488.2018.1407992
    https://doi.org/10.1080/10926488.2018.1407992 [Google Scholar]
  27. Goldberg, Andreas C., Katjana Gattermann, Franziska Marquart, Anna Brosius, and Claes H. de Vreese
    2021 “European Solidarity in Times of Crisis: The Role of Information and Media Use.” West European Politics44 (5–6): 1314–1328. 10.1080/01402382.2021.1884398
    https://doi.org/10.1080/01402382.2021.1884398 [Google Scholar]
  28. Gomis, Llorenç
    1989Teoria dels gèneres periodístics [Theory of journalistic genres]. Barcelona: Centre d’Investigació de la Comunicació.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Gonzalo, Carlos
    2016 “El perfil ideológico de los medios de prensa españoles [The ideological profile of the Spanish press].” Comunicación social. Tendencias electorales, SEO, somunicación social, cibermetría, propaganda [Social communication. Electoral trends. SEO, Social Communication, cybermetrics, propaganda]. Personal blog, March3 2016 https://www.carlosgonzalo.es/el-perfil-ideologico-de-los-medios-de-prensa-espanoles/
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Hart, Christopher
    2014Discourse, Grammar and Ideology. London: Bloomsbury.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Hepp, Andreas
    2009 “Differentiation: Mediatization and Cultural Change.” InMediatization: Concept, Changes, Consequences, edited byKnut Lundby, 139–158. New York: Peter Lang.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Hjarvard, Stig
    2008 “The Mediatization of Society. A Theory of the Media as Agents of Social and Cultural Change”, Nordicom Review29 (2): 105–134. 10.1515/nor‑2017‑0181
    https://doi.org/10.1515/nor-2017-0181 [Google Scholar]
  33. Hunston, Susan, and Geoff Thompson
    1999Evaluation in Text. Authorial Stance and the Construction of Discourse. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Jiménez Sánchez, Fernando
    2017 “Los efectos de la corrupción sobre la desafección y el cambio político en España [The effect of corruption on the disaffection and political change in Spain].” Revista Internacional Transparencia e Integridad5 (September-December). revistainternacionaltransparencia.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/12/fernando_jimenez.pdf
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Koopmans, Ruud, and Paul Statham
    2010The Making of a European Public Sphere. Media Discourse and Political Contention. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511761010
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511761010 [Google Scholar]
  36. Krzyżanowski, Michał, Anna Triandafyllidou, and Ruth Wodak
    2009 “Conclusions: Europe, Media, Crisis and the European Public Sphere.” InThe European Public Sphere and the Media, edited byAnna Triandafyllidou, Ruth Wodak, and Michał Krzyżanowski, 261–268. London: Palgrave. 10.1057/9780230271722_13
    https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230271722_13 [Google Scholar]
  37. Krzyżanowski, Michal
    2009 “Europe in Crisis? Discourses on Crisis Events in the European Press 1956–2006.” Journalism Studies, 10 (1): 18–35. 10.1080/14616700802560468
    https://doi.org/10.1080/14616700802560468 [Google Scholar]
  38. 2010The Discursive Construction of European Identities. Frankfurt: Peter Lang.
    [Google Scholar]
  39. 2014 “Values, Imaginaries and Templates of Journalistic Practice: A Critical Discourse Analysis.” Social Semiotics, 24 (3): 345–365. 10.1080/10350330.2014.930607
    https://doi.org/10.1080/10350330.2014.930607 [Google Scholar]
  40. 2018 “Social Media in/and the Politics of the European Union. Politico-Organizational Communication, Institutional Cultures and Self-inflicted Elitism.” Journal of Language and Politics, 17 (2): 1–24. 10.1075/jlp.00009.edi
    https://doi.org/10.1075/jlp.00009.edi [Google Scholar]
  41. Krzyżanowski, Michał
     (2019) “Brexit and the imaginary of ‘crisis’: A discourse-conceptual analysis of European news media” Critical Discourse Studies16 (4): 465–490. 10.1080/17405904.2019.1592001
    https://doi.org/10.1080/17405904.2019.1592001 [Google Scholar]
  42. Langacker, Ronald
    2008Cognitive Grammar. A Basic Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331967.001.0001
    https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331967.001.0001 [Google Scholar]
  43. Musolff, Andreas
    2000 “Political Imagery of Europe: A House Without Exit Doors?” Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 21 (3): 216–229. 10.1080/01434630008666402
    https://doi.org/10.1080/01434630008666402 [Google Scholar]
  44. 2004 “The Heart of the European Body Politic. British and German Perspectives on Europe’s Central Organ.” Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 25 (5–6): 437–452. 10.1080/01434630408668917
    https://doi.org/10.1080/01434630408668917 [Google Scholar]
  45. Oberhuber, Florian, Christoph Bärenreuter, Michal Krzyżanowski, Heinz Schönbauer, and Ruth Wodak
    2005 “Debating the European Constitution. On Representation of Europe/the EU in the Press.” Journal of Language and Politics, 4 (2): 227–271. 10.1075/jlp.4.2.05obe
    https://doi.org/10.1075/jlp.4.2.05obe [Google Scholar]
  46. OMS
    OMS 2020 “Brote de enfermedad por coronavirus (Covid-19) [outbreak of coronavirus (Covid-19) disease]. Organización Mundial de la Salud [World Health Organization]. https://www.who.int/es/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019
    [Google Scholar]
  47. Pak, Anton, Oyelola A. Adegboye, Adeshina I. Adenkule, Kazi M. Rahman, Emma S. McBride, and Damon P. Eisen
    2020 “Economic Consequences of the COVID-19 Outbreak: The Need for Epidemic Preparedness.” Frontiers in Public Health8: 241. 10.3389/fpubh.2020.00241
    https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2020.00241 [Google Scholar]
  48. Perales, Cristina
    2014Premsa i autodeterminació. Catalunya i Euskadi dins l’Espanya de la Transició [Press and autodetermination. Catalonia and Euskadi during the Spanish Transition]. Barcelona: UOC.
    [Google Scholar]
  49. Peytibí, Xavier
    2020 “En momentos de incertidumbre, es la hora de los gobiernos: 10 necesidades en comunicación de crisis [At times of uncertainty, it is the time for governments: 10 needs in crisis communication]”. InComunicación política en tiempos de coronavirus [Political communication at the time of coronavirus], edited byAntoni Gutiérrez-Rubí and Carles Pont Sorribes, 10–17. Barcelona: Cátedra Ideograma-UPF de Comunicación Política y Democracia.
    [Google Scholar]
  50. Phelan, Sean
    2018 “Critical Discourse Analysis & Media Studies.” InRoutledge Handbook of Critical Discourse Studies, edited byJohn Flowerdew and John E. Richardson, 285–297. London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  51. Richardson, John E.
    2007Analysing Newspapers. An Approach from Critical Discourse Analysis. Basingtoke: Palgrave.
    [Google Scholar]
  52. Sabat, Iryna, Sebastian Neuman-Böhme, Nirosha Elsem Varghese, Pedro Pita Barros, Werner Brouwer, Job van Exel, Jonas Schreyögg, and Tom Stargardt
    2020 “United but Divided: Policy Responses and People’s Perceptions in the EU during the COVID-19 Outbreak.” Health Policy124 (9): 909–918. 10.1016/j.healthpol.2020.06.009
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthpol.2020.06.009 [Google Scholar]
  53. Semetko, Holly A., and Patti M. Valkenburg
    2000 Framing European Politics: A Content Analysis of Press and Television News.” Journal of Communication50 (2): 93–109. 10.1111/j.1460‑2466.2000.tb02843.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-2466.2000.tb02843.x [Google Scholar]
  54. Solanilla, Pau
    2020 “Comunicación de crisis y la importancia de la reputación [Crisis communication and the importance of reputation]”. InComunicación política en tiempos de coronavirus [Political communication at the time of coronavirus], edited byAntoni Gutiérrez-Rubí and Carles Pont Sorribes, 18–22. Barcelona: Cátedra Ideograma-UPF de Comunicación Política y Democracia.
    [Google Scholar]
  55. Stråth, Bo
    2001Europe and the Other and Europe as the Other. Bruxelles: Peter Lang.
    [Google Scholar]
  56. Stråth, Bo, and Ruth Wodak
    2009 “Europe – Discourse – Politics – Media – History: Constructing ‘Crises’?” InThe European Public Sphere and the Media. Europe in Crisis, edited byAnna Triandafyllidou, Ruth Wodak and Michał Krzyżanowski, 15–33. London: Palgrave. 10.1057/9780230271722_2
    https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230271722_2 [Google Scholar]
  57. Szabó, Lilla Petronella, and Gabriella Szabó
    2022 “Attack of the Critics: Metaphorical Delegitimization in Viktor Orban’s Discourse during the Covid-19 Pandemic”. Journal of Language and Politics. 10.1075/jlp.21068.sza
    https://doi.org/10.1075/jlp.21068.sza [Google Scholar]
  58. Tobback, Ellen, Stefano Nardelli, and David Martens
    2017 “Between hawks and doves: measuring central bank communication.” ECB Working Paper Series, no.2085 (July). https://www.ecb.europa.eu/pub/pdf/scpwps/ecb.wp2085.en.pdf. 10.2139/ssrn.2997481
    https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2997481 [Google Scholar]
  59. Triandafyllidou, Anna, Ruth Wodak, and Michał Krzyżanowski
    (eds.) 2019The European Public Sphere and the Media. London: Palgrave.
    [Google Scholar]
  60. Van Dijk, Teun A.
    1988News as Discourse. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
    [Google Scholar]
  61. 1998Ideology. A Multidisciplinary Approach. London: Sage.
    [Google Scholar]
  62. Van Leeuwen, Theo
    2008Discourse and Practice: New Tools for Critical Discourse Analysis. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323306.001.0001
    https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323306.001.0001 [Google Scholar]
  63. Wodak, Ruth
    1989Language, Power and Ideology: Studies in Political Discourse. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/ct.7
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ct.7 [Google Scholar]
  64. Zappettini, Franco
    2019European Identities in Discourse: A Transnational Citizens’ Perspective. London; New York: Bloomsbury Academic. 10.5040/9781350043008
    https://doi.org/10.5040/9781350043008 [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/jlp.21065.fil
Loading
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error