1887
Volume 21, Issue 2
  • ISSN 1569-2159
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9862
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Abstract

The article analyzes how the leaders and the candidates of the main parties in Romania built a European field of power and subject positions in the context of the 2019 European elections. We adopt the premise that the (re) positioning of these politicians towards the EU is part of their ongoing strategies of (de) legitimization. In this respect, the study focuses on how they assign themselves a “European authority” in relation to audiences through their positioning as actors in the field. On the basis of a mainly critically discursive methodological framework, we analyze a corpus consisting of electoral messages on Facebook. The research reveals the ways in which the political actors build claims, representations and positionings about the EU through naturalizing (a) symmetric relations, statuses, and symbolic power hierarchies.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/jlp.21067.bec
2022-01-11
2022-12-09
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Aalberg, Toril , Frank Esser , Carsten Reinemann , Jesper Stromback , and Claes De Vreese
    (eds) 2016Populist Political Communication in Europe. New York: Routledge. 10.4324/9781315623016
    https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315623016 [Google Scholar]
  2. Angermuller, Johannes
    2014Poststructuralist Discourse Analysis: Subjectivity in Enunciative Pragmatics. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. 10.1057/9781137442475
    https://doi.org/10.1057/9781137442475 [Google Scholar]
  3. Beciu, Camelia , and Mirela Lazăr
    2018 “Migration and Country Status: The Rearticulation of Identities through Media Counter-Discourses.” InDebating Migration as a Public Problem. National Publics and Transnational Fields, ed. by Camelia Beciu , Mălina Ciocea , Irina Diana Mădroane , and Alexandru I. Cârlan , 41–63. Peter Lang. 10.3726/b14216
    https://doi.org/10.3726/b14216 [Google Scholar]
  4. 2020 “Entre Facebook et Parole Télévisuelle, Quels Recadrages des Enjeux Nationaux et Européens dans l’Espace Politique Roumain ?” InL’Europe au Défi des Populismes Nationaux: La Communication Politique Centrifuge des Elections de 2019, ed. by Philippe Maarek , and Nicolas Pélissier , 117–143. Paris: L’Harmattan.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Beciu, Camelia , Irina Diana Mădroane , Alexandru I. Cârlan , and Mălina Ciocea
    2017 “Power Relations, Agency and Discourse in Transnational Social Fields.” Critical Discourse Studies14 (3): 227–235. 10.1080/17405904.2017.1284683
    https://doi.org/10.1080/17405904.2017.1284683 [Google Scholar]
  6. Bennett, Samuel
    2019a “Values as Tools of Legitimation in EU and UK Brexit Discourses.” InDiscourses of Brexit, ed. by Veronika Koller , Susanne Kopf , and Marlene Miglbauer , 17–32. London: Routledge. 10.4324/9781351041867‑2
    https://doi.org/10.4324/9781351041867-2 [Google Scholar]
  7. 2019b “‘Crisis’ as a Discursive Strategy in Brexit Referendum Campaigns.” Critical Discourse Studies16 (4): 449–464. 10.1080/17405904.2019.1591290
    https://doi.org/10.1080/17405904.2019.1591290 [Google Scholar]
  8. Bennett, Samuel , Artur Lipiński , Agnieszka Stępińska , David Abadi , Thomas Gammeltoft-Hansen ,
    2020 “Populist Communication on Social Media.” [Research Report] Centre for Social Sciences, Centre of Excellence of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (Hungary). ffhalshs-02735283f.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Block, Elena , and Ralph Negrine
    2017 “The Populist Communication Style: Toward a Critical Framework.” International Journal of Communication11: 178–197.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Bourdieu, Pierre
    2005 “The Political Field, the Social Science Field, and the Journalistic Field.” InBourdieu and the Journalistic Field, ed. by Rodney Benson , and Erik Neveu , 29–48. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Bucher, Taina
    2012 “The Friendship Assemblage: Investigating Programmed Sociality on Facebook.” Television & New Media14 (6): 479–493. 10.1177/1527476412452800
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1527476412452800 [Google Scholar]
  12. Charaudeau, Patrick
    2002 “A Communicative Conception of Discourse”. Discourse Studies 4 (3): 301–318. 10.1177/14614456020040030301
    https://doi.org/10.1177/14614456020040030301 [Google Scholar]
  13. 2011Les Médias et l’Information: L’Impossible Transparence du Discours. 2nd ed.Bruxelles: De Boeck-Ina. 10.3917/dbu.chara.2011.01
    https://doi.org/10.3917/dbu.chara.2011.01 [Google Scholar]
  14. Ciocea, Mălina , and Alexandru I. Cârlan
    2012 “Debating Migration as a Public Problem: Diasporic Stances in Media Discourse.” Romanian Journal of Communication and Public Relations14 (4): 181–201.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Conrad, Maximilian
    2014Europeans and the Public Sphere Communication without Community?Stuttgart: Ibidem Verlag.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Cramer, Jennifer
    2010 “‘Do We Really Want to Be like Them?’: Indexing Europeanness through Pronominal Use.” Discourse & Society21 (6): 619–637. 10.1177/0957926510381217
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0957926510381217 [Google Scholar]
  17. De Vreese, H. Claes , Frank Esser , Toril Aalberg , Carsten Reinemann , and James Stanyer
    2018 “Populism as an Expression of Political Communication Content and Style: A New Perspective.” International Journal of Press/Politics23 (4): 423–438. 10.1177/1940161218790035
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1940161218790035 [Google Scholar]
  18. Diez, Thomas
    2014 “Setting the Limits: Discourse and EU Foreign Policy.” Cooperation and Conflict49 (3): 319–333. 10.1177/0010836713494997
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0010836713494997 [Google Scholar]
  19. Fairclough, Norman
    1994 “Conversationalization of Public Discourse and the Authority of the Consumer.” InThe Authority of the Consumer. Lancaster University Center for the Study of Cultural Values, ed. by Russell Keat , Nigel Whiteley , and Nicholas Abercrombie , 235–49. London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. 2003Analysing Discourse: Textual Analysis for Social Research. London: Routledge . 10.4324/9780203697078
    https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203697078 [Google Scholar]
  21. Fairclough, Norman , and Eve Chiapello
    2002 “Understanding the New Management Ideology: A Transdisciplinary Contribution from Critical Discourse Analysis and New Sociology of Capitalism.” Discourse and Society13 (2): 185–208. 10.1177/0957926502013002406
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0957926502013002406 [Google Scholar]
  22. Fairclough, Isabela , and Norman Fairclough
    2012Political Discourse Analysis: A Method for Advanced Students. London and New York: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Fossum, John Erik , Philip Schlesinger , and Geir Ove Kvaerk
    (eds) 2007Public Sphere and Civil Society? Transformations of the European Union. ARENA Report 2. Oslo: ARENA. 10.4324/9780203960851
    https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203960851 [Google Scholar]
  24. Hubé, Nicolas
    2018 “Communiquer l’Europe, Légitimer l’Europe. Les Enjeux Historiques de l’Opinion Publique pour les Institutions Européennes.” InAnnuaire Français de Relations Internationales, vol.XIX, 947–964. Paris: La Documentation française.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Kedves, Ana
    2016 “Discursive Legitimation in Online Crowdfunding: A Study of Kickstarter Projects Promoting Human Rights.” Globe: A Journal of Language, Culture and Communication3: 46–63.
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Koerber, Amy , and Lonie McMichael
    2008 “ Qualitative Sampling Methods: A Primer for Technical Communicators .” Journal of Business and Technical Communication 22 (4): 454–473. 10.1177/1050651908320362
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1050651908320362 [Google Scholar]
  27. Krzyżanowski, Michal
    2010The Discursive Construction of European Identities: A Multilevel Approach to Discourse and Identity in the Transforming European Union. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Larsen, Henrik
    2014 “Discourses of State Identity and Post-Lisbon National Foreign Policy: The Case of Denmark.” Cooperation and Conflict49 (3): 368–385. 10.1177/0010836713495000
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0010836713495000 [Google Scholar]
  29. Lochard, Guy
    (ed) 2006Les Débats Publics dans les Télévisions Européennes. Paris: L’Harmattan.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Mădroane, Irina Diana
    2018 “Migrant Identities and Practices in Media Advocacy Campaigns. The Construction of Claims and Audiences.” InDebating Migration as a Public Problem. National Publics and Transnational Fields, ed. by Camelia Beciu , Mălina Ciocea , Irina Diana Mădroane , and Alexandru I. Cârlan , 175–198. Peter Lang.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Mégie, Antoine , and Frédéric Mérand
    2013 “L’Union Européenne et le Nouvel Equilibre des Puissances.” Politique européenne39: 9–21. 10.3917/poeu.039.0009
    https://doi.org/10.3917/poeu.039.0009 [Google Scholar]
  32. Moffitt, Benjamin
    2016The Global Rise of Populism: Performance, Political Style, and Representation. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Nanz, Patrizia
    2007 “Multiple Voices: An Interdiscursive Concept of the European Public Sphere.” InPublic Sphere and Civil Society? Tranformations of the European Union, ed. by John Erik Fossum , Philip Schlesinger , and Geir Ove Kvaerk , 11–29. ARENA Report 2. Oslo: ARENA.
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Nel, Noël
    1990Le Débat Télévisé. Paris: Armand Colin .
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Pandelea, Nicoleta
    2020 “Vers un Populisme Digital? La Construction du Discours Politique dans le Contexte des Elections Européennes de 2019.” InL’Europe au Défi des Populismes Nationaux: La Communication Politique Centrifuge des Elections de 2019, ed. by Philippe Maarek , and Nicolas Pélissier . Paris: L’Harmattan.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Reyes, Antonio
    2011 “ Strategies of Legitimization in Political Discourse: From Words to Actions .” Discourse & Society22 (6): 781–807. 10.1177/0957926511419927
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0957926511419927 [Google Scholar]
  37. Rojo Martín, Luisa , and Teun A. Van Dijk
    1997 “‘There Was a Problem, and It Was Solved!’: Legitimating the Expulsion of ‘Illegal’ Migrants in Spanish Parliamentary Discourse .” Discourse & Society 8 (4): 523–66. 10.1177/0957926597008004005
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0957926597008004005 [Google Scholar]
  38. Saward, Michael
    2006 „The Representative Claim.” Contemporary Political Theory5 (3), 297–318. 10.1057/palgrave.cpt.9300234
    https://doi.org/10.1057/palgrave.cpt.9300234 [Google Scholar]
  39. Vaara, Eero
    2014 “Struggles over Legitimacy in the Eurozone Crisis: Discursive Legitimation Strategies and Their Ideological Underpinnings.” Discourse & Society25 (4): 500–518. 10.1177/0957926514536962
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0957926514536962 [Google Scholar]
  40. Vaara, Eero , and Philippe Monin
    2010 “ Recursive Perspective on Discursive Legitimation and Organizational Action in Mergers and Acquisitions .” Organization Science21 (1): 3–22. 10.1287/orsc.1080.0394
    https://doi.org/10.1287/orsc.1080.0394 [Google Scholar]
  41. Van Dijk, A. Teun
    1998Ideology: A Multidisciplinary Approach. London: Sage.
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Van Leeuwen, Theo
    2008Discourse and Practice: New Tools for Critical Discourse Analysis. New York: Oxford University Press. 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323306.001.0001
    https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323306.001.0001 [Google Scholar]
  43. Van Leeuwen, Theo , and Ruth Wodak
    1999 “Legitimizing Immigration – a Discourse-Historical Analysis.” Discourse Studies1 (1): 83–119. 10.1177/1461445699001001005
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1461445699001001005 [Google Scholar]
  44. Ward, Tom
    2010 “The European Union: A Crisis of Legitimacy?” European View9:115–127. 10.1007/s12290‑010‑0124‑4
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s12290-010-0124-4 [Google Scholar]
  45. Weizman, Elda
    2008Positioning in Media Dialogue. Negotiating Roles in News Interviews. Amsterdam and Philadelphia, PA: John Benjamins Publishing Company. 10.1075/ds.3
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ds.3 [Google Scholar]
  46. Witschge, Tamara , C W. Anderson , David Domingo , and Albert Hermida
    2018 “Dealing with the Mess (We Made): Unraveling Hybridity, Normativity, and Complexity in Journalism Studies.” Journalism20 (5): 651–659. 10.1177/1464884918760669
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1464884918760669 [Google Scholar]
  47. Wodak, Ruth
    2002 “Fragmented Identities: Redefining and Recontextualizing National Identity. InPolitics as Text and Talk: Analytic Approaches to Political Discourse, ed. by Paul Chilton , and Chistina Schäffner , 143–173. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company. 10.1075/dapsac.4.08wod
    https://doi.org/10.1075/dapsac.4.08wod [Google Scholar]
  48. 2010 “‘Us’ and ‘Them’: Inclusion and Exclusion – Discrimination via Discourse.” InIdentity, Belonging and Migration, ed. by Gerard Delanty , Ruth Wodak , and Paul R. Jones , 54–77. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  49. 2018 “Discourse and European Integration”. KFG Working Paper Series, 86, KollegForschergruppe (KFG) “The Transformative Power of Europe“. Freie Universität Berlin. 10.1093/hepl/9780198737315.003.0008
    https://doi.org/10.1093/hepl/9780198737315.003.0008 [Google Scholar]
  50. Zappettini, Franco
    2019a “The Official Vision for ‘Global Britain’: Brexit as Rupture and Continuity between Free Trade, Liberal Internationalism and ‘Values’.” InDiscourses of Brexit, ed. by Veronika Koller , Susanne Kopf , and Marlene Miglbauer , 140–154. London: Routledge. 10.4324/9781351041867‑9
    https://doi.org/10.4324/9781351041867-9 [Google Scholar]
  51. 2019b “The Brexit Referendum: How Trade and Immigration in the Discourses of the Official Campaigns Have Legitimised a Toxic (Inter) National Logic.” Critical Discourse Studies16 (4): 403–419. 10.1080/17405904.2019.1593206
    https://doi.org/10.1080/17405904.2019.1593206 [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/jlp.21067.bec
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/jlp.21067.bec
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error