Volume 8, Issue 1
  • ISSN 1569-2159
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9862
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Metaphors construct social reality, including the actors which populate the social world. A considerable body of research has explored this reality-constituting role of metaphors, yet little attention has been paid to the attempts of social actors to influence the metaphorical structure by which they are constituted. The present article conceptualises the relationship between actor and metaphorical structure as one of mutual constitution. Empirically, it analyses how until the late 1990s Liechtenstein was constructed as an attractive financial centre by metaphors such as haven and paradise, how then a metaphorical shift constituted the country more negatively, before Liechtenstein finally fought back: with the help of the new brand-metaphor and also a professional image campaign the country tried to repair its international image.


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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): brand; constructivism; Liechtenstein; metaphor; money-laundering; structure-agency; tax haven
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