1887
Volume 1, Issue 1
  • ISSN 1053-6981
  • E-ISSN: 2405-9374
GBP
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Abstract

AbstractAge differences in children's ability to recount a stressful event were explored, as were several ways to improve children's reports. Seventy 3- to 7 year olds were videotaped while receiving inoculations at a medical clinic. It was predicted that multiple interviews would maintain memory and strengthen resistance to sugges-tion. It was also predicted that social support would ease intimidation and thus lessen children's suggestibility. To test these predictions, children were inter-viewed either once after a 4-week delay or twice, following 2- and 4-week delays, and under either "reinforcing" or "nonreinforcing" conditions. Age differences in answers to specific and misleading questions and in performance on a photo identification task were prevalent. However, multiple interviews and reinforce-ment supported more accurate reports. Training was effective in reducing false identifications on the photo identification task, especially for older children. Children's accuracy was unrelated to parental ratings of the stressfulness of the event. Our findings have implications for the testimony of child victim witnesses and for child-adult reconstruction of a child's past history. (Psychology)

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/content/journals/10.1075/jnlh.1.1.05chi
1991-01-01
2019-03-19
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References

http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/jnlh.1.1.05chi
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  • Article Type: Research Article
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