1887
Volume 33, Issue 2
  • ISSN 0920-9034
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9870
GBP
Buy:£15.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Abstract

Haitian, a French-lexifier creole with a Gbe substrate, shows an asymmetry in the way it has adapted French liquids: the French lateral was maintained in postvocalic coda position in Haitian, but the French rhotic was systematically deleted in this position. This paper presents the results of a perception study showing that the lateral is generally more perceptible than the rhotic in coda position in Modern French. The hypothesis that perception played a role in the phonological asymmetry in Haitian is compatible with these results. The paper sketches an analysis of how the perceptual asymmetry between French coda laterals and rhotics resulted in the emergence of a new phonological grammar, distinct from both the grammar of the substrate and superstrate languages. This analysis is in line with previous works on the role of perception in second language acquisition, loanword adaptation, creolization, and sound change more generally.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/jpcl.00020.sto
2018-10-19
2018-12-14
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Alwan, Abeer , Jintao Jiang , & Willa Chen
    2011 Perception of place of articulation for plosives and fricatives in noise. Speech Communication53. 195–209.10.1016/j.specom.2010.09.001
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.specom.2010.09.001 [Google Scholar]
  2. Boersma, Paul & Bruce Hayes
    2001 Empirical tests of the Gradual Learning Algorithm. Linguistic Inquiry32. 45–86.10.1162/002438901554586
    https://doi.org/10.1162/002438901554586 [Google Scholar]
  3. Boersma, Paul & David Weenink
    2018 Praat: doing phonetics by computer [computer program]. Version 6.0.39, www.praat.org/. (26 April, 2018.)
  4. Bordal, Guri
    2012 A phonological study of French spoken by multilingual speakers from Bangui, the capital of the Central African Republican. In Randall Gess , Chantal Lyche , & Trudel Meisenburg (eds.), Phonological variation in French: Illustrations from three continents, 23–43. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.10.1075/silv.11.03bor
    https://doi.org/10.1075/silv.11.03bor [Google Scholar]
  5. Boutin, Béatrice A. & Gabor Turcsan
    2009 La prononciation du français en Afrique: la Côte d’Ivoire. In Jacques Durand , Bernard Laks , & Chantal Lyche (eds.), Phonologie, variation et accents du français, 131–152. Paris: Hermès Lavoisier.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Brousseau, Anne-Marie & Emmanuel Nikiema
    2006 From Gbe to Haitian: The multi-stage evolution of syllable structure. In Claire Lefebvre , Lydia White , & Christine Jourdan (eds.), L2 acquisition and creole genesis, 295–330. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.10.1075/lald.42.18bro
    https://doi.org/10.1075/lald.42.18bro [Google Scholar]
  7. Brown, Glenn S. & K. Geoffrey White
    2005 The optimal correction for estimating extreme discriminability. Behavior Research Methods37. 436–449.10.3758/BF03192712
    https://doi.org/10.3758/BF03192712 [Google Scholar]
  8. Capo, Hounkpati
    1991A comparative phonology of Gbe. Berlin/New York: Foris.10.1515/9783110870534
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110870534 [Google Scholar]
  9. Chafcouloff, Michel
    1985 The spectral characteristics of the lateral /l/ in French. Travaux de l’Institut de Phonétique d’Aix10. 63–98.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Côté, Marie-Hélène
    2004 Consonant cluster simplification in Québec French. Probus16. 151–201.10.1515/prbs.2004.16.2.151
    https://doi.org/10.1515/prbs.2004.16.2.151 [Google Scholar]
  11. Delattre, Pierre
    1959 L’/r/ parisien et autres sons du pharynx. The French Review43. 5–22.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Dupoux, Emmanuel , Kazuhiko Kakehi , Yuki Hirose , Christophe Pallier , & Jacques Mehler
    1999 Epenthetic vowels in Japanese: A perceptual illusion?Journal of experimental psychology: human perception and performance25. 1568–1578.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Flege, James Emil
    1989 Chinese subjects’ perception of the word-final English /t/–/d/ contrast: Performance before and after training. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America86. 1684–1697.10.1121/1.398599
    https://doi.org/10.1121/1.398599 [Google Scholar]
  14. Fouché, Pierre
    1952Phonétique historique du français. Paris: Klincksieck.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Fougeron, Cécile
    2007 Word boundaries and contrast neutralization in the case of enchaînement in French. In Jennifer Cole & Jose Ignacio Hualde (eds.), Laboratory Phonology9. Berlin: Mouton De Gruyter.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Gbéto, Flavien
    2000Les emprunts linguistiques d’origine européenne en Fon (nouveau Kwa, Gbe, Bénin) : une étude de leur intégration au plan phonético-phonologique. Koeln: Koeppe.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Gendrot, Cédric
    2014 Perception et réalisation du /r/ standard français en finale de mot. InXXXe édition des Journées détudes sur la Parole (JEP 2014), 193–201.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Gussenhoven, Carlos & Flor Aarts
    1999 The dialect of Maastricht. Journal of the International Phonetic Association29. 155–166.10.1017/S0025100300006526
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0025100300006526 [Google Scholar]
  19. Heo, Young-Hyon & Lee, Ahrong
    2004 The phonological adaptation of foreign liquids in Korean. LSO Working Papers in Linguistics4. 47–52.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Kang, Yoonjung
    2010 The emergence of phonological adaptation from phonetic adaptation: English loanwords in Korean. Phonology27. 225–253.10.1017/S0952675710000114
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0952675710000114 [Google Scholar]
  21. Kang, Yoonjung , Andrea Hòa Phạm , & Benjamin Storme
    2016 French loanwords in Vietnamese: the role of input language phonotactics and contrast in loanword adaptation. In Adam Albright & Michelle A. Fullwood (eds.), Proceedings of the 2014 Annual Meeting on Phonology, https://journals.linguisticsociety.org/proceedings/index.php/amphonology/article/view/3749/3467.(26 April, 2018.)10.3765/amp.v2i0.3749
    https://doi.org/10.3765/amp.v2i0.3749 [Google Scholar]
  22. Klingler, Thomas A. & Chantal Lyche
    2012 ‘Cajun French’ in a non-Acadian community. In Randall Gess , Chantal Lyche , & Trudel Meisenburg (eds.), Phonological variation in French: Illustrations from three continents, 275–312. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.10.1075/silv.11.14kli
    https://doi.org/10.1075/silv.11.14kli [Google Scholar]
  23. Lee, Michael D. & Eric-Jan Wagenmakers
    2013Bayesian cognitive modeling: A practical course. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.10.1017/CBO9781139087759
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139087759 [Google Scholar]
  24. Macmillan, N. A. & C. D. Creelman
    2005Detection theory: A user’s guide (2nd ed..) Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. New, Boris , Marc Brysbaert , Jean Veronis , & Christophe Pallier
    2007 The use of film subtitles to estimate word frequencies. Applied Psycholinguistics28. 661–677.10.1017/S014271640707035X
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S014271640707035X [Google Scholar]
  26. Nikiema, Emmanuel & Parth Bhatt
    2003 Two types of r deletion in Haitian Creole. In Ingo Plag (ed.), Phonology and morphology of creole languages, 43–70. Tuebingen: Max Niemeyer Verlag.10.1515/9783110929560.43
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110929560.43 [Google Scholar]
  27. Ohala, John J.
    1981 The listener as a source of sound change. In Carrie S. Masek , Roberta A. Hendrick , & Mary Frances Miller (eds.), Papers from the parasession on language and behavior, 178–203. Chicago, IL: Chicago Linguistic Society.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. 1983 The origin of sound patterns in vocal tract constraints. In Peter MacNeilage (ed.), The production of speech, 189–216. New York, NY: Springer-Verlag.10.1007/978‑1‑4613‑8202‑7_9
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4613-8202-7_9 [Google Scholar]
  29. Peperkamp, Sharon , Inga Vendelin , & Kimihiro Nakamura
    2008 On the perceptual origin of loanword adaptations: experimental evidence from Japanese. Phonology25. 129–164.10.1017/S0952675708001425
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0952675708001425 [Google Scholar]
  30. Prince, Alan & Paul Smolensky
    1993Optimality theory: Constraint interaction in generative grammar. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers Center for Cognitive Science, Rutgers University.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. R Core Team
    R Core Team 2016R: A language and environment for statistical computing. Vienna, Austria: R Foundation for Statistical Computing. https://www.R-project.org/.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Russell Webb, Eric
    2008 Formalizing creole sound change: An optimality theoretic account. Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages23. 227–263.10.1075/jpcl.23.2.03rus
    https://doi.org/10.1075/jpcl.23.2.03rus [Google Scholar]
  33. 2010 Creole phonological restructuring: The role of perception in contact-induced change. Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages25. 263–288.10.1075/jpcl.25.2.03rus
    https://doi.org/10.1075/jpcl.25.2.03rus [Google Scholar]
  34. Steele, Jeffrey & Anne-Marie Brousseau
    2006 Parallels in process: comparing Haitian Creole and French learner phonologies. In Claire Lefebvre , Lydia White , & Christine Jourdan (eds.), L2 acquisition and creole genesis, 331–352. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.10.1075/lald.42.19ste
    https://doi.org/10.1075/lald.42.19ste [Google Scholar]
  35. Storme, Benjamin
    2017 The loi de position and the acoustics of French mid vowels. Glossa: a journal of general linguistics, 2(1), 64, https://www.glossa-journal.org/articles/abstract/10.5334/gjgl.300/. (26 April, 2018.)
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Tinelli, Henri
    1981Creole phonology. The Hague/New York: Mouton.10.1515/9783110824926
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110824926 [Google Scholar]
  37. Tranel, Bernard
    1987The sounds of French: An introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.10.1017/CBO9780511620645
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511620645 [Google Scholar]
  38. Valdman, Albert
    1996A learner’s dictionary of Haitian Creole. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Creole Institute.
    [Google Scholar]
  39. 2015Haitian Creole: structure, variation, status, origin. Sheffield: Equinox Publishing.
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Wright, Richard
    2004 A review of perceptual cues and cue robustness. In Bruce Hayes , Robert Kirchner , & Donca Steriade (eds.), Phonetically-based phonology, 34–57. Cambridge/New York: Cambridge University Press.10.1017/CBO9780511486401.002
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511486401.002 [Google Scholar]
  41. Winn, Matthew B. , Monita Chatterjee , & William J. Idsardi
    2013 Roles of voice onset time and F0 in stop consonant voicing perception: Effects of masking noise and low-pass filtering. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research56. 1097–1107.10.1044/1092‑4388(2012/12‑0086)
    https://doi.org/10.1044/1092-4388(2012/12-0086) [Google Scholar]
  42. Zink, Gaston
    1986Phonétique historique du français : manuel pratique. Paris: Presses universitaires de France.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/jpcl.00020.sto
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/jpcl.00020.sto
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Keyword(s): creole , French , Haitian , liquids , perception and syllable
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error