1887
Volume 37, Issue 2
  • ISSN 0920-9034
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9870
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Abstract

Abstract

The Haitian Creole (Kreyòl) spoken by bilingual speakers is a prestigious form of speech generally referred to as (KS), where Frenchified features (e.g. front rounded vowels) are often used. In contrast, monolingual speakers use (KR), a variety in which Frenchified features do not generally occur (Fattier-Thomas 1984Valdman 2015). In this article, I establish the nasalization of the definite determiner /la/ in non-nasal environments (), e.g. for ‘the cat’, as a feature of KS. I show that while bilingual speakers do use both Frenchification and , monolingual speakers overuse nasalization as compared to bilingual speakers, but use Frenchification less than the bilingual group because it is harder to produce. Based in these findings, I suggest that the sociolinguistic situation of Haiti is more complex, i.e. it is extended beyond the relationship between French and Kreyòl.

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2022-11-03
2024-04-19
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