1887
Language Contact with Chinese
  • ISSN 0920-9034
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9870
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Abstract

Abstract

This article discusses the semantic and syntactic properties of converb markers =, =, and = in Sinitic varieties in the Qīnghǎi-Gānsù Linguistic Area (), and defines them as converb enclitics rather than conjunctions, modal particles, or other functional words. = is a conditional converb enclitic while = is a terminative converb enclitic; both enclitics derive their respective properties from Altaic languages. The enclitic = expresses the coordinative and narrative functions, derived from its Altaic source, and the conjunctional function, which is an innovation. The productive use of the converbs coincides with the sharp decline of serial verbs in Sinitic varieties in , and such a phenomenon emerges through intense contact among the Altaic, Sinitic and Tibetan languages in the area.

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/content/journals/10.1075/jpcl.00102.sha
2023-05-05
2024-04-21
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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): converbs; morphosyntactic; Qīng-Gān linguistic area; Sinitic languages
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