1887
Language Contact with Chinese
  • ISSN 0920-9034
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9870
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Abstract

The Mandarin dialects spoken in former garrison towns and the surrounding Southern Min and Cantonese dialects in the island of Hainan are affected by the voiced implosive initials of the local indigenous Kra-Dai languages in different ways. The garrison dialects with low social status developed the implosives, like the Southern Min and Cantonese dialects that pre-dated the establishment of the garrison towns. The garrison dialects with high social status did not develop the implosives, blocking the Chinese dialects that arrived later from getting them. The prestigious garrison dialects also serve as the source of loanwords for the regional Southern Min and Cantonese dialects.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/jpcl.00107.liu
2023-05-05
2024-02-28
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Baxter, William Hubbard, & Laurent Sagart
    2014Old Chinese: A new reconstruction. Oxford University Press. 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945375.001.0001
    https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945375.001.0001 [Google Scholar]
  2. Ding, Bangxin 丁邦新
    1986 Danzhou Cunhua儋州村话 (Danzhou dialect). Taipei: Academia Sinica.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Liang, Min & Junru Zhang 梁敏、张均如
    1996 Dongtai yuzu gailun侗台语族概论 (An introduction to the Kam-Tai languages). Beijing: Chinese Social Science Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. 1997 Lingaoyu yanjiu临高语研究 (Study on Lingao language). Zhongguo Xin Faxian Yuyan Yanjiu Congshu中国新发现语言研究丛书 (China’s Newly-Discovered Language Study Series). Shanghai: Shanghai Far East.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Liu, Chuntao 刘春陶
    2013 Yacheng Junhua de leixing tedian jiqi xingcheng yuanyin chutan崖城军话的类型特点及其形成原因初探 (A preliminary exploration into the typological features of Yacheng Junhua and its causes of formation). Hainan Daxue Xuebao 2013(6).70–75.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. 2021a Hainan Sanya Yacheng Junhua yuanliu yanjiu海南三亚崖城军话源流研究 (On the origin and the evolution of Yacheng Junhua in Hainan). Tianjin: Nankai University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. 2021b Hainan dao Mairen Maihua laiyuan tanxi海南岛迈人、迈话来源探析 (On the origin of the Mai people and the Mai dialect on Hainan Island). Minzu Yuwen 2021(6).88–96.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Liu, Danqing 刘丹青
    1995 Nanjing fangyan cidian南京方言词典 (A dictionary of Nanjing dialect). Nanjing: Jiangsu Jiaoyu.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Liu, Xinzhong 刘新中
    2006 Hainan Minyu de yuyin yanjiu海南闽语的语音研究 (Study on Hainan Min dialect phonetics). Beijing: Chinese Social Science Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Office of Hainan Chronicles (ed)
    Office of Hainan Chronicles (ed) 1994 Hainan sheng zhi III, renkou zhi, fangyan zhi, zongjiao zhi海南省志(第三卷)·人口志·方言志·宗教志 (Local chronicles of Hainan province III: demography, dialect, religion). Haikou: Nan Hai Publishing Co…
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Ouyang, Jueya & Yiqing Zheng 欧阳觉亚、郑贻青
    1983 Liyu diaocha yanjiu黎语调查研究 (Investigation and research on Hlai language). Beijing: Chinese Social Science Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Ouyang, Jueya 欧阳觉亚
    1983 Liyu diaocha yanjiu黎语调查研究 (Investigation and research on Hlai language). Beijing: Chinese Social Science Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. 1998 Cunyu yanjiu村语研究 (Study on Cun language). Zhongguo Xin Faxian Yuyan Yanjiu Congshu中国新发现语言研究丛书 (China’s Newly-Discovered Language Study Series). Shanghai: Shanghai Far East.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Qiu, Xueqiang 丘学强
    2005 Junhua yanjiu军话研究 (Study on Junhua). Beijing: Chinese Social Science Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Szonyi, Michael
    2017The Art of Being Governed: Everyday Politics in Late Imperial China. Princeton University Press. 10.2307/j.ctvc77k06
    https://doi.org/10.2307/j.ctvc77k06 [Google Scholar]
  16. Thurgood, Graham
    1996 Language contact and the directionality of internal drift: The development of tones and registers in Chamic. Language72(1).1–31. 10.2307/416792
    https://doi.org/10.2307/416792 [Google Scholar]
  17. Trigault, Nicolas
    1957 Xiru ermu zi西儒耳目资 (An audio-visual aid to western scholars). Beijing: Language Reform Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Wang, Futang 王福堂
    2003 Hanyu fangyin zihui汉语方音字汇 (Phonetic dictionary of Chinese dialects). Beijng: Language and Culture Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Weera, Ostapirat
    2005 Kra-Dai and Austronesian: Notes on phonological correspondences and vocabulary distribution. InLaurent Sagart, Roger Blench, & Alicia Sanchez Mazas (eds.) The peopling of East Asia: Putting together archaeology, linguistics, and genetics, 107–131. London: Routledge Curzon.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. 2008 The Hlai Language. InAnthony V. N. Diller, Jerold A. Edmondson & Yongxian, Luo (eds.) The Tai-Kadai Languages, 623–652. London and New York: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Zeng, Xiaoyu
    2018 A case study of dialect contact of early Mandarin. Lingua2081.31–43. 10.1016/j.lingua.2018.03.004
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lingua.2018.03.004 [Google Scholar]
  22. Zhan, Bohui 詹伯慧
    1959 Hainandao Junhua yuyin gaishu海南岛军话语音概述 (An introduction of the phonology of Junhua in Hainan). InYuyanxue Luncong 1959(3).127–149. Shanghai: Shanghai Jiaoyu.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Zheng, Yiqing 郑贻青
    1997 Huihuihua yanjiu回辉话研究 (Study on Tsat language). Zhongguo Xin Faxian Yuyan Yanjiu Congshu中国新发现语言研究丛书 (China’s Newly-Discovered Language Study Series). Shanghai: Shanghai Far East.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/jpcl.00107.liu
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/jpcl.00107.liu
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): Hainan garrison dialects; history; language contact; social factors
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error