1887
Volume 31, Issue 1
  • ISSN 0920-9034
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9870
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

The colonial history of Australia necessitated contact between nineteenth and twentieth century dialects of English and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Island languages. This has resulted in the emergence of contact languages, some of which have been identified as creoles (e.g. Sandefur 1979, Shnukal 1983) while others have been hidden under the label of ‘Aboriginal English’, exacerbated by what Young (1997) described as a gap in our knowledge of historical analyses of individual speech varieties. In this paper we provide detailed sociohistorical data on the emergence of a contact language in Woorabinda, an ex-Government Reserve in Queensland. We propose that the data shows that the label ‘Aboriginal English’ previously applied (Alexander 1968) does not accurately identify the language. Here we compare the sociohistorical data for Woorabinda to similar data for both Kriol, a creole spoken in the Northern Territory of Australia and to Bajan, an ‘intermediate creole’ of Barbados, to argue that the language spoken in Woorabinda is most likely also an intermediate creole.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/jpcl.31.1.04mun
2016-01-01
2019-11-19
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Allridge, Claire
    1984Aboriginal English as a post-pidgin. Canberra, ACT: Australian National University BA Hons sub-thesis.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Alexander, Diane H
    1968Woorabinda Aboriginal Australian English. Brisbane, QLD: University of Queensland MA thesis.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Baker, Peter
    1993 Australian influence on Melanesian Pidgin English. Te Reo36. 3–67.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Blake, Thom
    2001A dumping ground: A history of the Cherbourg settlement. Brisbane: University of Queensland Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Bottoms, Timothy
    2013Conspiracy of silence: Queensland’s frontier killing times. Allen & Unwin.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Breen, Gavan
    1981 Margany and Gunya. In R.M.W. Dixon & Barry. J. Blake (eds.), Handbook of Australian languages, vol. 2, 275–393. Canberra: Australian National University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Copland, Mark
    2005Calculating lives: The numbers and narratives of forced removals in Queensland 1859-1972. Brisbane, QLD: Griffith University PhD dissertation.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Copland, Mark , Jonathan Richards , & Andrew Walker
    2010One hour more daylight: A historical overview of Aboriginal dispossession in Southern and Southwest Queensland. Toowoomba: Social Justice Commission.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Crowley, Terry & Bruce Rigsby
    1979 Cape York Creole. In Timothy Shopen (ed.), Languages and their status. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Dutton, Tom E
    1983 The origin and spread of Aboriginal Pidgin English in Queensland: A preliminary account. Aboriginal History7(1-2). 90–122.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Eades, Diana
    1991 Aboriginal English: An introduction. Vox5. 55–61.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Evans, Raymond
    2007A history of Queensland. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Evans, Raymond , Kay Saunders , & Kathryn Cronin
    1993Race relations in colonial Queensland: A history of exclusion, exploitation and extermination (3rd edition). Brisbane: University of Queensland Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Flint, Elwyn H
    1968 Aboriginal English: Linguistic description as an aid to teaching. English in Australia6. 3–21.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Forde, Theresa
    1990Confinement and control: A history of Woorabinda Aboriginal community 1927-1990. Brisbane: University of Queensland honours thesis.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Gourlay, Claire & Ilana Mushin
    2015 Up dere la: Final particle la in a Queensland Aboriginal Vernacular. Australian Journal of Linguistics35(1). 76–101. doi: 10.1080/07268602.2015.976902
    https://doi.org/10.1080/07268602.2015.976902 [Google Scholar]
  17. Harris, John W
    1986Northern Territory pidgins and the origin of Kriol. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics C/89.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Holm, John A. , Suzanne Romaine , & Charlene J. Sato
    1999 Copula patterns in Atlantic and Non-Atlantic Creoles. In John R. Rickford & Suzanne Romaine (eds.), Creole genesis, attitudes and discourse, 79–119. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/cll.20.10hol
    https://doi.org/10.1075/cll.20.10hol [Google Scholar]
  19. Hudson, Joyce
    1983Grammatical and semantic aspects of Fitzroy Valley Kriol. Darwin: Work Papers of Summer Institute of Linguistics-AAB A:8.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Kaldor, Susan & Ian G. Malcolm
    1991 Aboriginal English - An overview. In Suzanne Romaine (ed.), Language in Australia, 67–83. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511620881.005
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511620881.005 [Google Scholar]
  21. Koch, Harold
    2000 The role of Australian Aboriginal languages in the formation of Australian Pidgin grammar: Transitive verbs and adjectives. In Jeff Siegel (ed.), Processes of language contact: Studies from Australia and the South Pacific, 13–46. Montreal: Fides.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Kolijn-Vink, Eveline W
    1986Aboriginal identity and art as the material expression of identity in Woorabinda; Central Queensland, Australia. Leiden, The Netherlands: University of Leiden Masters Thesis.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Leichhardt, Ludwig
    1847 [2000 edition]. Journal of an overland expedition. ,Les Hiddins Series.Adelaide: Corkwood Press
    [Google Scholar]
  24. L’Oste-Brown, Scott , Luke Goodwin , Gordon Henry , Ted Mitchell , & Vera Tyson
    1995Living under the act: Taroom Aboriginal reserve 1911-1927. (Cultural Heritage Monograph Series, Volume 1). Brisbane: Queensland Department of Environment and Heritage.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Malcolm, Ian
    2013 The ownership of Aboriginal English in Australia. World Englishes32(1). 42–53. doi: 10.1111/weng.12003
    https://doi.org/10.1111/weng.12003 [Google Scholar]
  26. May, Dawn
    1994Aboriginal labour and the cattle industry: Queensland from white settlement to the present. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Meakins, Felicity
    2011Case marking in contact: The development and function of case morphology in Gurindji Kriol. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/cll.39
    https://doi.org/10.1075/cll.39 [Google Scholar]
  28. Mufwene, Salikoko S
    2001The ecology of language evolution. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511612862
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511612862 [Google Scholar]
  29. Munro, Jennifer M
    2000 Kriol on the move: A case of language spread and shift in Northern Australia. In Jeff Siegel (ed.), Processes of language contact: Studies from Australia and the South Pacific, 245–270. Montreal: Fides.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. 2004Substrate language influence in Kriol: The application of transfer constraints to language contact in Northern Australia. Armidale, NSW: University of New England PhD thesis.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Mushin, Ilana
    2005 Word order pragmatics and narrative functions in Garrwa. Australian Journal of Linguistics25(2). 253–273. doi: 10.1080/07268600500233027
    https://doi.org/10.1080/07268600500233027 [Google Scholar]
  32. Nicholls, Sophie
    2009Referring expressions and referential practice in Roper Kriol Northern Territory, Australia. Armidale, NSW: University of New England PhD Thesis.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. O’Shannessy, Carmel
    2005 Light Warlpiri - A new language. Australian Journal of Linguistics25(1). 31–57. doi: 10.1080/07268600500110472
    https://doi.org/10.1080/07268600500110472 [Google Scholar]
  34. Richards, Jonathon
    2012 ‘What a howl there would be if some of our folk were so treated by an enemy’: The evacuation of Aboriginal people from Cape Bedford Mission, 1942. Aboriginal History 36. epress.anu.edu.au?p=224611.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Sandefur, John R
    1979An Australian Creole in the Northern Territory: A description of Ngukurr-Bamyili dialects. Darwin: Work papers of Summer Institute of Linguistics-AAB B:3.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Shnukal, Anna
    1983 Torres Strait Creole: The growth of a New Torres Strait Language. Aboriginal History7. 173–185.
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Singler, John V
    1990 On the use of socio-historical criteria in the comparison of creoles. Linguistics20. 20–69.
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Thaiday, William
    1981Under the act. Townsville: North Queensland Black Publishing Co.
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Thomason, Sarah & Terrence Kaufman
    1988Language contact, creolisation and genetic linguistics. Berkeley: University of California Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Troy, Jakelin
    1990Australian aboriginal contact with the English language in New South Wales: 1788-1845. Pacific Linguistics B-103 .
    [Google Scholar]
  41. 1992 The Sydney language notebooks and responses to language contact in early colonial NSW. Australian Journal of Linguistics12(1). 145–170. doi: 10.1080/07268609208599474
    https://doi.org/10.1080/07268609208599474 [Google Scholar]
  42. Winford, Donald
    2000 “Intermediate” creoles and degrees of change in creole formation: The case of Bajan. In Ingrid Neumann-Holzschuh & Edgar W. Schneider (eds.), Degrees of restructuring in Creole languages. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/cll.22.13win
    https://doi.org/10.1075/cll.22.13win [Google Scholar]
  43. 2002 Creoles in the context of contact linguistics. In Glenn G. Gilbert (ed.), Pidgin and creole linguistics in the twenty-first century. New York: Lang Publishing.
    [Google Scholar]
  44. Young, Wendy
    1997Aboriginal English. Sydney: NLLIA Style Council Centre:Macquarie University.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/jpcl.31.1.04mun
Loading
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error