1887
Volume 32, Issue 2
  • ISSN 0920-9034
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9870
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

In this study I provide a description of the morphosyntax and the functions of demonstratives in Juba Arabic and Ki-Nubi, two closely related Arabic-based contact languages. The study describes the process of acquisition of demonstrative pronouns and determiners and it explains the formal and functional changes that have taken place in the demonstrative system of Arabic as a consequence of pidginization and subsequent creolization. Broadly speaking, the reduction of the inflection of Arabic demonstratives and the gradual loss of their deictic value corresponds to a change of their grammatical functions along the common grammaticalization path  >  > . However, Juba Arabic and Ki-Nubi clearly differ in terms of both forms and functions of pronominal and adnominal demonstratives. If Juba Arabic demonstratives are characterized by a certain morphological continuity with those of its Arabic lexifier, Ki-Nubi gives evidence of an innovative, and rather complex, system of demonstrative pronouns and determiners. This morphosyntactic divergence is also reflected on a functional ground insofar as the adnominal demonstrative “this” is mainly used as a tracking device in Juba Arabic, whereas it can mark nominal definiteness in Ki-Nubi. The study eventually proposes a unified diachronic hypothesis that accounts for a greater degree of grammaticalization of nominal determination in Ki-Nubi as a result of its radical creolization.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/jpcl.32.2.01man
2017-12-04
2019-10-21
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Baptista, Marlyse & Jacqueline Guéron
    2007 Noun phrases in creole languages. An introductory overview. In Marlyse Baptista & Jacqueline Guéron (eds.), Noun Phrases in Creole Languages: A multi-faceted approach, 3–34. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/cll.31.03bap
    https://doi.org/10.1075/cll.31.03bap [Google Scholar]
  2. Bakker, Peter
    2008 Pidgins versus creoles and pidgincreoles. In Silvia Kouwenberg & John Victor Singler (eds.), The Handbook of Pidgin and Creole Studies, 130–157. Oxford: Blackwell.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Bickerton, Derek
    1981Roots of Language. Ann Arbor: Karoma Publishers.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Chafe, Wallace
    1976 Giveness, contrastiveness, definiteness, subjects, topics and point of view. In Charles Li & Sandra Thompson (eds.), Subject and Topic, 25–56. London – New York: Academic Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Comrie, Bernard
    1999 Reference-tracking: Description and explanation. In STUF –Sprachtypologie und Universalienforschung52(3–4). 335–346.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Dickins, James
    2006 Khartoum Arabic. In Kees Versteegh , et  (eds.), Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics, Vol. 1, 320–323. Leiden: Brill.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Diessel, Holger
    1999aDemonstratives: Form, Functions and Grammaticalization. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/tsl.42
    https://doi.org/10.1075/tsl.42 [Google Scholar]
  8. 1999b The morphosyntax of demonstratives in synchrony and diachrony. Linguistic Typology9. 1–49. doi: 10.1515/lity.1999.3.1.1
    https://doi.org/10.1515/lity.1999.3.1.1 [Google Scholar]
  9. 2006 Demonstratives, joint attention, and the emergence of grammar. Cognitive Linguistics17(4). 463–489. doi: 10.1515/COG.2006.015
    https://doi.org/10.1515/COG.2006.015 [Google Scholar]
  10. Faingold, Eduardo D
    1995 The emergence of the article system in language acquisition, creolization, and history: A universal of natural morphological markedness. In Hanna Pishwa & Karl Maroldt (eds.), The development of morphological systematicity. A cross-linguistic perspective, 135–162. Tübingen: Gunter Narr Verlag.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Givón, Talmy
    1984Syntax. A Functional-Typological Introduction, 2 Vols. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/z.17
    https://doi.org/10.1075/z.17 [Google Scholar]
  12. Haspelmath, Martin & the APiCS consortium
    2013 Pronominal and adnominal demonstratives. In Susanne M. Michaelis , Philippe Maurer , Martin Haspelmath & Magnus Huber (eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures, Vol. 1, 106–109. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Heine, Bernd
    1982The Nubi Language of Kibera. An Arabic Creole. Berlin: Reimer.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Holm, John A
    1988Pidgins and Creoles. Vol. 1 Theory and Structures. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Himmelmann, Nikolaus
    1996 Demonstrative in narrative discourse: a taxonomy of universal uses. In Barbara Fox (ed.), Studies in Anaphora, 205–254. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/tsl.33.08him
    https://doi.org/10.1075/tsl.33.08him [Google Scholar]
  16. 1997Deiktikon, Artikel, Nominalphrase: Zur Emergenz syntaktischer Struktur. Tübingen: Niemeyer. doi: 10.1515/9783110929621
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110929621 [Google Scholar]
  17. 2001 Articles. In Martin Haspelmath , Ekkehard König , Wulf Oesterreicher & Wolfgang Raible (eds.)Language Typology and Language Universals: An International Handbook, Vol. 1, 831–841. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Luffin, Xavier
    2005Un créole arabe: le Kinubi de Mombasa, Kenya. München: Lincom.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. 2013 Kinubi structure dataset. In Susanne M. Michaelis , Philippe Maurer , Martin Haspelmath & Magnus Huber (eds.), Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures Online. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. apics-online.info/contributions/63.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Mahmud, Ushari
    1979 Linguistic change and variation in the aspectual system of Juba Arabic. Ph.D. Dissertation, Georgetown University.
  21. Manfredi, Stefano
    2010A grammatical description of Kordofanian Baggara Arabic. Ph. D thesis, University of Naples “L’Orientale”.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. 2013 Juba Arabic corpus. In Amina Mettouchi , Martine Vanhove & Dominique Caubet (eds.), CorpAfroAs – A Corpus for Afro-Asiatic Languages. corpafroas.huma-num.fr/Archives/corpus.php.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. 2014 Demonstratives in bedouin Arabic dialect of western Sudan. Folia Orientalia51. 27–50.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. 2017Arabi Juba. Un pidgin-créole du Soudan du Sud. Louvain-la-Neuve: Peeters.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Manfredi, Stefano & Sara Petrollino
    2013 Juba Arabic structure dataset. In Susanne M. Michaelis , Philippe Maurer , Martin Haspelmath & Magnus Huber (eds.), Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures Online. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. apics-online.info/contributions/64.
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Manfredi, Stefano & Mauro Tosco
    2014 The morphosyntax and prosody of topic and focus in Juba Arabic. In Stefano Manfredi & Mauro Tosco (eds.), Arabic-based Pidgins and Creoles. Special issue of theJournal of Pidgin and Creole Languages29(2). 352–384. doi: 10.1075/jpcl.29.2.06mil
    https://doi.org/10.1075/jpcl.29.2.06mil [Google Scholar]
  27. . Forthcoming. A new State, an old language policy, and a pidgincreole: Juba Arabic in South Sudan. Sociolinguistic Studies.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Maurer, Philippe & the APiCS consortium
    2013 Pronominal and adnominal demonstratives. In Susanne M. Michaelis , Philippe Maurer , Martin Haspelmath & Magnus Huber (eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures, Vol. 1, 122–125. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Owen, Roger
    1909Bari grammar and vocabulary. London: Bumpus.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Owens, Jonathan
    1985 The origins of East African Nubi. Anthropological Linguistics27. 229–271.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. 1993A Grammar of Nigerian Arabic. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. 1996 Arabic-based pidgins and creoles. In Sarah Thomason (ed.), Contact Languages: A wider perspective, 125–172. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/cll.17.08owe
    https://doi.org/10.1075/cll.17.08owe [Google Scholar]
  33. 2014 The morphologization of an Arabic Creole. In Stefano Manfredi & Mauro Tosco (eds.), Arabic-based Pidgins and Creoles. Special issue of theJournal of Pidgin and Creole Languages29(2). 232–298. doi: 10.1075/jpcl.29.2.03owe
    https://doi.org/10.1075/jpcl.29.2.03owe [Google Scholar]
  34. Reichmuth, Stefan
    1983Der arabische Dialekt der Šukriyya im Ostsudan. Zürich: Georg Olms Verlag.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Tosco, Mauro & Stefano Manfredi
    2013 Pidgins and creoles. In Jonathan Owens (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Arabic Linguistics, 495–519. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Trimingham, John Spencer
    1946Sudanese Colloquial Arabic. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Versteegh, Kees
    1993 Levelling in the Southern Sudan: From Arabic creole to Arabic dialects. Journal of the Sociology of Language99. 65–97.
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Vicente, Ángeles
    2006 Demonstratives. In Kees Versteegh , et  . (eds.), Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics, Vol. 1, 320–323. Leiden: Brill.
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Wellens, Ineke
    2005The Nubi Language of Uganda: An Arabic Creole in Africa. Leiden: Brill. doi: 10.1163/9789047416227
    https://doi.org/10.1163/9789047416227 [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/jpcl.32.2.01man
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/jpcl.32.2.01man
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): demonstratives , grammaticalization , Juba Arabic , Ki-Nubi and reference tracking
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error