1887
image of Korean L2 learners’ perception and production of Vietnamese tones
  • ISSN 2215-1931
  • E-ISSN 2215-194X
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Abstract

This study investigated the production and perception of Vietnamese tones by Korean second language (L2) learners [ = 11], comparing their performance in an Imitation task to that in Identification and Read-Aloud tasks. The results showed that the Imitation task was generally easier for Korean speakers than the Identification and Read-Aloud tasks, suggesting that imitation was performed without some of the skills required by the other two tasks. The result on tonal F0 range and speakers’ tonal range showed that the Korean leaners have significantly narrower tonal F0 range than control Vietnamese speakers [ = 11]. The results of error pattern analysis and tonal transcription in this study also suggested the effects of phonetic realizations of lexical tones in Vietnamese that are in interaction with language transfer from Korean phonology.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/jslp.17011.dao
2019-05-16
2019-05-22
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Asher, J. J., & García, R.
    (1969) The optimal age to learn a foreign language. Modern Language Journal, 53, 334–341. 10.1111/j.1540‑4781.1969.tb04603.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-4781.1969.tb04603.x [Google Scholar]
  2. Baker, W., & Trofimovich, P.
    (2006) Perceptual paths to accurate production of L2 vowels: The role of individual differences. IRAL – International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching, 44, 231–250.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Beckman, M. E., & Pierrehumbert, J. B.
    (1986) Intonational structure in Japanese and English. Phonology Yearbook, 3, 255–310. 10.1017/S095267570000066X
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S095267570000066X [Google Scholar]
  4. Boersma, P., & Weenink, D.
    (2009) Praat: doing phonetics by computer (Version 4.6.09). Computer program, retrieved on24 June 2007, fromwww.praat.org/
  5. Bohn, O. S., & Flege, J. E.
    (1997) Perception and production of a new vowel category by adult second language learners. InJ. Leather & A. James (Eds.), Second language speech: Structure and process (pp.53–73). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. 10.1515/9783110882933.53
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110882933.53 [Google Scholar]
  6. Bradlow, A. R., Pisoni, D. B., Akahane-Yamada, R., & Tohkura, Y. I.
    (1997) Training Japanese listeners to identify English /r/ and /l/ :IV. Some effects of perceptual learning on speech production. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 101, 2299–2310. 10.1121/1.418276
    https://doi.org/10.1121/1.418276 [Google Scholar]
  7. Brunelle, M., & Jannedy, S.
    (2013) The Cross-dialectal Perception of Vietnamese Tones: Indexicality and Convergence. InD. Hole & E. Löbel (Eds.), Linguistics of Vietnamese, Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1515/9783110289411.9
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110289411.9 [Google Scholar]
  8. Brunelle, M.
    (2009a) Tone perception in Northern and Southern Vietnamese. Journal of Phonetics, 27(1), 79–96. 10.1016/j.wocn.2008.09.003
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wocn.2008.09.003 [Google Scholar]
  9. (2009b) Northern and Southern Vietnamese tone coarticulation: A comparative case study. Journal of the Southeast Asian Linguistics Society, 1, 49–62.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Carcagno, S., & Plack, C. J.
    (2011) Subcortical plasticity following perceptual learning in a pitch discrimination task. Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology, 12, 89–100. 10.1007/s10162‑010‑0236‑1
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10162-010-0236-1 [Google Scholar]
  11. Chandrasekaran, B., Kraus, N., & Wong, P. C.
    (2012) Human inferior colliculus activity relates to individual differences in spoken language learning. Journal of Neurophysiology, 107, 1325–1336. 10.1152/jn.00923.2011
    https://doi.org/10.1152/jn.00923.2011 [Google Scholar]
  12. Đào, M.Đ., & Nguyễn, T. A. T.
    (2017) Vietnamese tones produced by Australian Vietnamese speakers. Heritage Language Journal, 14(3), 224–247.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Đoàn, T. T.
    (1999) Ngữ âm tiếng Việt [Vietnamese phonetics]. Hà Nội: Đại học & Trung học chuyên nghiệp Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Eckman, F. R.
    (1977) Markedness and the Contrastive Analysis Hypothesis. Language Learning, 27(2), 315–330. 10.1111/j.1467‑1770.1977.tb00124.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-1770.1977.tb00124.x [Google Scholar]
  15. Emeneau, M. B.
    (1951) Studies in Vietnamese (Annamese) grammar. Los Angeles: University of California Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Flege, J. E., & Eefting, W.
    (1988) Imitation of a VOT continuum by native speakers of English and Spanish: Evidence for phonetic category formation. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 83, 729–740. 10.1121/1.396115
    https://doi.org/10.1121/1.396115 [Google Scholar]
  17. Fowler, C. A., Brown, J. M., Sabadini, L., & Weihing, J.
    (2003) Rapid access to speech gestures in perception: Evidence from choice and simple response time tasks. Journal of Memory and Language, 49, 396–413. 10.1016/S0749‑596X(03)00072‑X
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0749-596X(03)00072-X [Google Scholar]
  18. Gandour, J.
    (1983) Tone perception in far eastern languages. Journal of Phonetics, 11, 149–175.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Hakuta, K., Bialystok, E., & Wiley, E.
    (2003) Critical evidence: a test of the critical period hypothesis for second-language acquisition. Psychological Science, 14, 31–38. 10.1111/1467‑9280.01415
    https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-9280.01415 [Google Scholar]
  20. Halle, P. A., Chang, Y. C., & Best, C. T.
    (2004) Identification and discrimination of Mandarin Chinese tones by Mandarin Chinese vs. French listeners. Journal of Phonetics, 32(3), 395–421. 10.1016/S0095‑4470(03)00016‑0
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0095-4470(03)00016-0 [Google Scholar]
  21. Hao, Y. C., & de Jong, K.
    (2016) Imitation of second language sounds in relation to L2 perception and production. Journal of Phonetics, 54, 151–168. 10.1016/j.wocn.2015.10.003
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wocn.2015.10.003 [Google Scholar]
  22. Hyman, L. M., & VanBik, K.
    (2004) Directional rule application and output problems in Hakha Lai tone. Phonetics and Phonology, Special Issue, Language and Linguistics, 5, 821–861.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Johnson, J. S., & Newport, E. L.
    (1989) Critical period effects in second language learning: the influence of maturational state on the acquisition of English as a second language. Cognitive Psychology, 21, 60–99. 10.1016/0010‑0285(89)90003‑0
    https://doi.org/10.1016/0010-0285(89)90003-0 [Google Scholar]
  24. Johnson, M. H., & De Haan, M.
    (2015) Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience: An Introduction. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Jun, S. A.
    (1993) The Phonetics and Phonology of Korean Prosody. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, The Ohio State University.
  26. (1998) The accentual phrase in the Korean prosodic hierarchy. Phonology, 15(2), 189–226. 10.1017/S0952675798003571
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0952675798003571 [Google Scholar]
  27. (2005) Prosody in sentence processing: Korean vs. English. UCLA Working Papers in Phonetics, 104, 26–45.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Kirby, J.
    (2010) Dialect experience in Vietnamese tone perception. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 127(6), 3749–3757. 10.1121/1.3327793
    https://doi.org/10.1121/1.3327793 [Google Scholar]
  29. Kiriloff, C.
    (1969) On the auditory discrimination of tones in Mandarin. Phonetica, 20, 63–67. 10.1159/000259274
    https://doi.org/10.1159/000259274 [Google Scholar]
  30. Lee, Y., Vakoch, D., & Wurm, L.
    (1996) Tone perception in Cantonese and Mandarin: A cross-linguistic comparison. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 25(5), 527–544. 10.1007/BF01758181
    https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01758181 [Google Scholar]
  31. Lenneberg, E. H., Chomsky, N., & Marx, O.
    (1967) Biological Foundations of Language. New York: Wiley. 10.1080/21548331.1967.11707799
    https://doi.org/10.1080/21548331.1967.11707799 [Google Scholar]
  32. Levelt, W. J. M., Roelofs, A., & Meyer, A. S.
    (1999) A theory of lexical access in speech production, Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 22, 1–75. 10.1017/S0140525X99001776
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0140525X99001776 [Google Scholar]
  33. Michaud, A.
    (2004) Final Consonants and Glottalization: New Perspectives from Hanoi Vietnamese. Phonetica, 61,119–146. 10.1159/000082560
    https://doi.org/10.1159/000082560 [Google Scholar]
  34. Michaud, A., Vũ, N. T., Amelot, A., & Roubleau, B.
    (2006) Nasal realease, nasal finals and tonal contrasts in Hanoi Vietnamese: an aerodynamic experiment. Mon-Khmer Studies, 36, 121–137.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Mitterer, H., & Ernestus, M.
    (2008) The link between speech perception and production is phonological and abstract: Evidence from the shadowing task. Cognition, 109, 168–173. 10.1016/j.cognition.2008.08.002
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2008.08.002 [Google Scholar]
  36. Mitterer, H., & Müsseler, J.
    (2013) Regional accent variation in the shadowing task: Evidence for a loose perception – action coupling in speech. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 75, 557–575. 10.3758/s13414‑012‑0407‑8
    https://doi.org/10.3758/s13414-012-0407-8 [Google Scholar]
  37. Nguyễn, V. L., & Edmondson, J. A.
    (1997) Tones and voice quality in modern northern Vietnamese: Instrumental case studies. Mon-Khmer Studies, 28, 1–18.
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Pham, H. A.
    (2003) Vietnamese tone: A new analysis. Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Pierrehumbert, J. B., & Beckman, M. E.
    (1988) Japanese Tone Structure. Linguistic Inquiry, Monograph 15. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Polka, L.
    (1991) Cross-language speech perception in adults: Phonemic, phonetic, and acoustic contributions. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 89(6), 2961–2977. 10.1121/1.400734
    https://doi.org/10.1121/1.400734 [Google Scholar]
  41. (1992) Characterizing the influence of native language experience on adult speech perception. Perception & Psychophysics, 52(1), 37–52. 10.3758/BF03206758
    https://doi.org/10.3758/BF03206758 [Google Scholar]
  42. Pujol, J., Deus, J., Losilla, J. M., & Capdevila, A.
    (1999) Cerebral lateralization of language in normal left-handed people studied by functional MRI. Neurology, 52, 1038–1043. 10.1212/WNL.52.5.1038
    https://doi.org/10.1212/WNL.52.5.1038 [Google Scholar]
  43. Shen, X. S.
    (1989) Toward a register approach in teaching Mandarin tones. Journal of the Chinese Language Teachers Association, 24(3), 27–47.
    [Google Scholar]
  44. Shockley, K., Sabadini, L., & Fowler, C. A.
    (2004) Imitation in shadowing words. Perception & Psychophysics, 66, 422–429. 10.3758/BF03194890
    https://doi.org/10.3758/BF03194890 [Google Scholar]
  45. Skoe, E., Chandrasekaran, B., Spitzer, E. R., Wong, P. C., & Kraus, N.
    (2013) Human brainstem plasticity: the interaction of stimulus probability and auditory learning. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 109, 82–93. 10.1016/j.nlm.2013.11.011
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nlm.2013.11.011 [Google Scholar]
  46. So, C. K.
    (2005) The effect of L1 prosodic backgrounds of Cantonese and Japanese speakers on the perception of Mandarin tones after training. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 117(4), 2427. 10.1121/1.4786607
    https://doi.org/10.1121/1.4786607 [Google Scholar]
  47. Song, J. H., Skoe, E., Wong, P. C., & Kraus, N.
    (2008) Plasticity in the adult human auditory brainstem following short-term linguistic training. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 20, 1892–1902. 10.1162/jocn.2008.20131
    https://doi.org/10.1162/jocn.2008.20131 [Google Scholar]
  48. Studebaker, G. A.
    (1985) A rationalized arcsine transform. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 28, 455–462. 10.1044/jshr.2803.455
    https://doi.org/10.1044/jshr.2803.455 [Google Scholar]
  49. Tierney, A. T., Krizman, J., & Kraus, N.
    (2015) Music training alters the course of adolescent auditory development. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112, 1006–10067. 10.1073/pnas.1505114112
    https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1505114112 [Google Scholar]
  50. Tu, J., Hsiung, Y., Cha, J., Wu, M., & Sung, Y.
    (2016) Tone production of Mandarin disyllabic words by Korean learners. Proc. Speech Prosody, 375–379. 10.21437/SpeechProsody.2016‑77
    https://doi.org/10.21437/SpeechProsody.2016-77 [Google Scholar]
  51. Tu, J., Hsiung, Y., Wu, M., & Sung, Y.
    (2014) Error patterns of Mandarin disyllabic tones by Japanese learners. Proceedings of the 15th Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association (Interspeech-2014), Singapore 2014.
    [Google Scholar]
  52. Vũ, T. P.
    (1981) The acoustic and perceptual nature of tone in Vietnamese. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Australian National University.
  53. Wang, Y., Spence, M. M., Jongman, A., & Sereno, J. A.
    (1999) Training American listeners to perceive Mandarin tones. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 106, 3649–3658. 10.1121/1.428217
    https://doi.org/10.1121/1.428217 [Google Scholar]
  54. Wayland, R. P., & Guion, S. G.
    (2004) Training English and Chinese listeners to perceive Thai Tones: A preliminary Report. Language Learning, 54(4), 681–712. 10.1111/j.1467‑9922.2004.00283.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9922.2004.00283.x [Google Scholar]
  55. Xie, Z., Reetzke, R., & Chandrasekaran, B.
    (2017) Stability and plasticity in neural encoding of linguistically relevant pitch patterns. Journal of Neurophysiology, 117(3), 1407–1422. 10.1152/jn.00445.2016
    https://doi.org/10.1152/jn.00445.2016 [Google Scholar]
  56. Young-Scholten, M.
    (1994) On positive evidence and ultimate attainment in L2 phonology. Second language research, 10, 193–214. 10.1177/026765839401000302
    https://doi.org/10.1177/026765839401000302 [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/jslp.17011.dao
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/jslp.17011.dao
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Research Article
Keywords: Korean learners; perception; production; Vietnamese tones; second language imitation
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error