Volume 5, Issue 2
  • ISSN 2215-1931
  • E-ISSN: 2215-194X
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This study investigated the production and perception of Vietnamese tones by Korean second language (L2) learners [ = 11], comparing their performance in an Imitation task to that in Identification and Read-Aloud tasks. The results showed that the Imitation task was generally easier for Korean speakers than the Identification and Read-Aloud tasks, suggesting that imitation was performed without some of the skills required by the other two tasks. The result on tonal F0 range and speakers’ tonal range showed that the Korean leaners have significantly narrower tonal F0 range than control Vietnamese speakers [ = 11]. The results of error pattern analysis and tonal transcription in this study also suggested the effects of phonetic realizations of lexical tones in Vietnamese that are in interaction with language transfer from Korean phonology.


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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): Korean learners; perception; production; second language imitation; Vietnamese tones
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