Volume 2, Issue 2
  • ISSN 2215-1931
  • E-ISSN: 2215-194X
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes
Preview this article:


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


  1. Abercrombie, D
    (1967) Elements of general phonetics. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Abramson, A.S
    (1962) The vowel and tones of standard Thai: Acoustical measurements and experiments. International American Linguistics, 28, 1–146. doi: 10.1086/464664
    https://doi.org/10.1086/464664 [Google Scholar]
  3. Akinlabi, A
    (1985) Tonal under Specification and Yoruba tone. Unpublished PhD dissertation, University of Ibadan.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Arvaniti, A
    (2009) Rhythm, timing and the timing of rhythm. Phonetica, 66(1/2), 46–63. doi: 10.1159/000208930
    https://doi.org/10.1159/000208930 [Google Scholar]
  5. (2012) The usefulness of metrics in the quantification of speech rhythm. Journal of Phonetics, 40, 351–373. doi: 10.1016/j.wocn.2012.02.003
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wocn.2012.02.003 [Google Scholar]
  6. Barry, W. , Andreeva, B. , & Koreman, J
    (2009) Do rhythm measures reflect perceived rhythm?Phonetica, 66, 78–94. doi: 10.1159/000208932
    https://doi.org/10.1159/000208932 [Google Scholar]
  7. Beckman, M.E
    (1986) Stress and non-stress accent (Netherlands Phonetic Archives No. 7) Foris. (Second printing, 1992, byWalter de Gruyter). doi: 10.1515/9783110874020
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110874020 [Google Scholar]
  8. Boersma, P. , & Weenink, D
    (2015) Praat: doing phonetics by computer [Computer program]. Version 5.4.15, retrieved 1 August 2015fromwww.praat.org/
  9. Hall, K.D. , Amir, O. , & Yairi, E
    (1999) A longitudinal investigation of speaking rate in preschool children who stutter. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 42, 1367–1377. doi: 10.1044/jslhr.4206.1367
    https://doi.org/10.1044/jslhr.4206.1367 [Google Scholar]
  10. Cumming, R.E
    (2011a) The effect of dynamic fundamental frequency on the perception of duration. Journal of Phonetics, 39, 375–387. doi: 10.1016/j.wocn.2011.01.004
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wocn.2011.01.004 [Google Scholar]
  11. (2011b) The language- specific interdependence of tonal and durational cues in perceived rhythmicality. Phonetica, 68(1/2), 1–25. doi: 10.1159/000327223
    https://doi.org/10.1159/000327223 [Google Scholar]
  12. Cumming, R
    (2012) Perceptually informed quantification of speech rhythm in pairwise variability indices. Phonetica, 68(4), 256–277. doi: 10.1159/000335416
    https://doi.org/10.1159/000335416 [Google Scholar]
  13. Cutler, A
    (2015) Lexical stress in English pronunciation. In M. Reed & J. Levis (Eds.), The handbook of English pronunciation (pp. 106–124). Boston, MA: Wiley Blackwell.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Dasher, R. , & Bolinger, D
    (1982) On pre-accentual lengthening. Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 12, 58–69. doi: 10.1017/S0025100300002462
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0025100300002462 [Google Scholar]
  15. Dauer, R.M
    (1983) Stress-timing and syllable-timing reanalyzed. Journal of Phonetics, 11, 51–62.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Dellwo, V. , & Wagner, P
    (2003) Relations between language rhythm and speech rate. In M.J. Solé , D. Recasens , & J. Romero (Eds.), Proceedings of 15th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences (pp.471–474). Rundle Mall: Causal Productions.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Deterding, D
    (2001) The measurement of rhythm: A comparison of Singapore and British English. Journal of Phonetics, 29(2), 217–230. doi: 10.1006/jpho.2001.0138
    https://doi.org/10.1006/jpho.2001.0138 [Google Scholar]
  18. Dommelen, W.A. van
    (2006) Quantification of speech rhythm in Norwegian as a second language. Lund University Dept. of Linguistics & Phonetics Working Papers, 52, 33–36.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Duanmu, S
    (2000) The phonology of standard Chinese. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Duanmu, S. , Kim, H. –Y. , & Stiennon, N
    (2005) Stress and syllable structure in English: Approaches to phonological variations. Taiwan Journal of Linguistics, 3(2), 45–57.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Ferjan, N. , Ross, T. , & Arvaniti, A
    (2008) Speech rhythm and itS quantification in L2. Poster presented at the First Southern California Workshop on Phonetics/Phonology (SCOPHO) , November 1st, 2008.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Fon, J. , & Johnson, K
    (2000) Speech timing patterning as an indicator of discourse and syntactic boundaries. In Proceedings of the 6th International Conference of Spoken Language Processing (pp.555–558). Beijing, China.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Grabe, E. , & Low, E
    (2002) Durational variability in speech and the rhythm class hypothesis. In C. Gussenhoven & N. Warner (Eds.), Studies in laboratory phonology, 7. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Jeon, H-S
    (2006) Acoustic measure of speech rhythm: Korean learners of English. Unpublished master thesis. University of Edinburgh.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Jinbo, K
    (1980) Kokugo no onseijou no tokushitu [The top phonetic characteristics of Japanese]. In T. Shibata , H. Kitamura , & H. Kindaichi (Eds.), Nihong no gengogaku [Linguistics of Japan] (pp. 5–15). Tokyo: Taishukan (originally published in 1927).
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Jusczyk, P.W
    (1997) The discovery of Spoken language. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Knight, R.A
    (2011) Assessing the temporal reliability of rhythm metrics. Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 41(3), 271–281. doi: 10.1017/S0025100311000326
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0025100311000326 [Google Scholar]
  28. Kim, H
    (2006) Speech rhythm in American English: A corpus study. Unpublished Ph. D dissertation. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Kim, K.- O. , & Shibatani, M
    (1976) Syllabification in Korean. Language Research, 12, 91–98.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Lee, J. , Jin, J. , Seong, C. , Jung, I. , & Lee, S
    (1994) An experimental phonetic study of speech rhythm in standard Korean. Proceedings of ICSLP 94 (pp.1091–1094). Yokohama: Japan.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Liberman, M
    (1975) The intonation system of English. Unpublished Ph. D dissertation. MIT.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Liberman, M. , & Prince, A
    (1977) On stress and linguistic rhythm. Linguistic Inquiry, 8(2), 249–336.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Lin, H. , & Wang, Q
    (2007) Mandarin rhythm: An acoustic study. Journal of Chinese Language and Computing, 17(3), 27–140.
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Loukina, A. , Kochanski, G. , Rosner, B. , Keane, E. , & Shih, C
    (2011) Rhythm measures and dimensions of durational variation in speech. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 129, 3258–3270. doi: 10.1121/1.3559709
    https://doi.org/10.1121/1.3559709 [Google Scholar]
  35. Low, E. , Grabe, L. , & Nolan, F
    (2000) Quantitative characterisations of speech rhythm: ‘Syllable-timing’ in Singapore English. Language and Speech, 43, 377–401. doi: 10.1177/00238309000430040301
    https://doi.org/10.1177/00238309000430040301 [Google Scholar]
  36. Luangthongkum, T
    (1977) Rhythm in tandard Thai. Unpublished Ph. D dissertation. University of Edinburgh.
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Mehler, J. , Dehaene-Lambertz, G. , Dupoux, E. , & Nazzi, T
    (1996) Coping with linguistic diversity: The infants’ viewpoint. In J. Morgan & K. Memuth (Eds.), Signal to syntax (pp. 101–116). Hillsdale, NJ: LEA.
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Mok, P.P.K. , & Lee, S.I
    (2008) Korean speech rhythm using rhythmic measures. Paper presented at the 18th International Congress of Linguistics (CILI 18) . Seoul, Korea. Available fromwww.cuhk.edu.hk/lin/people/peggy/
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Nespor, M
    (1990) On the rhythmic parameter in Phonology. In I. Roca (Ed.), Logical issues in language acquisition (pp. 157–175). Dordrecht: Foris.
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Nolan, F. , & Asu, E.L
    (2009) The pairwise variability index and coexisting rhythms in language. Phonetica, 66, 64–77. doi: 10.1159/000208931
    https://doi.org/10.1159/000208931 [Google Scholar]
  41. Noss, R.B
    (1972) Rhythm in Thai. In J.M. Harris & R.B. Noss (Eds.), Thai phonetics and phonology (pp. 33–42). Bangkok: Central Institute of English Language.
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Packard, J.L
    (1994) A linguistic investigation of Aphasic Chinese speech. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    [Google Scholar]
  43. Patel, A.D
    (2008) Music, language, and the brain. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  44. Pike, K
    (1945) The intonation of American English. Ann-Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  45. Ramus, F. , Nespor, M. , & Mehler, J
    (1999) Correlates of linguistic rhythm in the speech signal. Cognition, 73, 265– 292. doi: 10.1016/S0010‑0277(99)00058‑X
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0010-0277(99)00058-X [Google Scholar]
  46. Roach, P
    (1982) On the distinction between ‘stress-timed’ and ‘syllable-timed’ langauges. In D. Crystal (Ed.), Linguistic controversies (pp. 73–79). London: Edward Arnold.
    [Google Scholar]
  47. Ross, T , Ferjan, N. , & Arvaniti, A
    (2008) Speech rhythm and its quantification in L2. Poster presented at the first Southern California workshop on phonetics/phonology (SCOPHO) , November 1st, 2008.
    [Google Scholar]
  48. Setter, J
    (2008) Consonant clusters in Hong Kong English. World English, 27/3-4, 502–515. doi: 10.1111/j.1467‑971X.2008.00581.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-971X.2008.00581.x [Google Scholar]
  49. Stockmal, V. , Markus, D. , & Bond, D
    (2005) Measures of native and non-native rhythm in a quantity language. Language and Speech, 48, 55–63. doi: 10.1177/00238309050480010301
    https://doi.org/10.1177/00238309050480010301 [Google Scholar]
  50. Thongkum, T.L
    (1984) Rhythmic groups and stress groups in Thai. Presentation at the International conference on Thai studies . Bangkok, Thailand. August22024.
    [Google Scholar]
  51. Wang, J
    (2003) Rhythmic grouping, Tone Sandhi and stress in Beijing Mandarin. Ph. D dissertation. Macquarie University.
    [Google Scholar]
  52. White, L. , & Mattys, S.L
    (2007) Calibrating rhythm: First language and second language studies. Journal of Phonetics, 35, 501–522. doi: 10.1016/j.wocn.2007.02.003
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wocn.2007.02.003 [Google Scholar]
  53. Wiget, L. , White, L. , Schuppler, B. , Grenon, I. , Rauch, O. , & Mattys, S.L
    (2010) How stable are acoustic metrics of contrastive speech rhythm. Journal of Acoustical Society of America, 127(3), 1559–69. doi: 10.1121/1.3293004
    https://doi.org/10.1121/1.3293004 [Google Scholar]
  54. Wu, Z
    (1996) A new method of intonation analysis for standard Chinese: Frequency transposition processing of phrasal contours in a sentence. In K. Hirose (Ed.), Analysis, perception and processing of Spoken language (pp.255–268). Elsevier Science and Technology Books.
    [Google Scholar]
  • Article Type: Research Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error