image of Measuring language use for pronunciation research
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes



This editorial provides an overview of how language use has been measured in second language acquisition (SLA) research and how it can be implemented in studies on pronunciation. The use of surveys and questionnaires, self-reports, and other methods is discussed along with the limitations of these current methods and recommendations. Measuring language use reliably can be challenging, but implementing and adapting current methods can help make it easier.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


  1. Birdsong, D., Gertken, L. M., & Amengual, M.
    Bilingual Language Profile: An Easy-to-Use Instrument to Assess Bilingualism. COERLL, University of Texas at Austin. Web. 20 Jan. 2012.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Brecht, R. D., & Robinson, J. L.
    (1993) Qualitative analysis of second language acquisition in study abroad: The ACTR/NFLC project. NFLC Occasional Papers.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Derwing, T. M., & Munro, M. J.
    (2013) The development of L2 oral language skills in two L1 groups: A 7-year study. Language Learning, (), –. 10.1111/lang.12000
    https://doi.org/10.1111/lang.12000 [Google Scholar]
  4. Flege, J. E., Frieda, E. M., & Nozawa, T.
    (1997) Amount of native-language (L1) use affects the pronunciation of an L2. Journal of Phonetics, (), –. 10.1006/jpho.1996.0040
    https://doi.org/10.1006/jpho.1996.0040 [Google Scholar]
  5. Freed, B. F., Dewey, D. P., Segalowitz, N., & Halter, R.
    (2004) The language contact profile. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, (), –. 10.1017/S027226310426209X
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S027226310426209X [Google Scholar]
  6. Ginsberg, R., & Miller, L.
    (2000) What do they do? Activities of students during study abroad. InR. Lambert & E. Shohamy (Eds.), Language policy and pedagogy: Essays in honor of A. Ronald Walton (pp.–). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/z.96.15gin
    https://doi.org/10.1075/z.96.15gin [Google Scholar]
  7. Kaplan, M.
    (1989) French in the community: A survey of language used abroad. French Review, , –.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Kaushanskaya, M., Blumenfeld, H. K., & Marian, V.
    (2020) The language experience and proficiency questionnaire (LEAP-Q): Ten years later. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, (), –. 10.1017/S1366728919000038
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S1366728919000038 [Google Scholar]
  9. Kubey, R., Larson, R., & Csikszentmihalyi, M.
    (1996) Experience sampling method applications to communication research questions. Journal of Communication, (), –. 10.1111/j.1460‑2466.1996.tb01476.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-2466.1996.tb01476.x [Google Scholar]
  10. Kormos, J. & Csizér, K.
    (2007) An interview study of inter-cultural contact and its role in language learning in a foreign language environment. System, (), –. 10.1016/j.system.2006.10.010
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.system.2006.10.010 [Google Scholar]
  11. Li, P., Zhang, F., Yu, A., & Zhao, X.
    (2020) Language History Questionnaire (LHQ3): An enhanced tool for assessing multilingual experience. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, (), –. 10.1017/S1366728918001153
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S1366728918001153 [Google Scholar]
  12. Palat, B.
    (2013) Language experience interviews: What can they tell us about individual differences?System, (), –. 10.1016/j.system.2013.01.021
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.system.2013.01.021 [Google Scholar]
  13. Ranta, L., & Meckelborg, A.
    (2013) How much exposure to English do international graduate students really get? Measuring language use in a naturalistic setting. Canadian Modern Language Review, (), –. 10.3138/cmlr.987
    https://doi.org/10.3138/cmlr.987 [Google Scholar]
  14. Saito, K., & Akiyama, Y.
    (2017) Video-based interaction, negotiation for comprehensibility, and second language speech learning: A longitudinal study. Language Learning, (), –. 10.1111/lang.12184
    https://doi.org/10.1111/lang.12184 [Google Scholar]
  15. Seliger, H. W.
    (1977) Does practice make perfect?: A study of interaction patterns and L2 competence. Language Learning, (), –. 10.1111/j.1467‑1770.1977.tb00122.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-1770.1977.tb00122.x [Google Scholar]
  16. Umino, T., & Benson, P.
    (2016) Communities of practice in study abroad: A four-year study of an Indonesian student’s experience in Japan. Modern Language Journal, (), –. 10.1111/modl.12351
    https://doi.org/10.1111/modl.12351 [Google Scholar]
  17. Warden, M., Lapkin, S., Swain, M., & Hart, D.
    (1995) Adolescent language learners on a three-month exchange: Insights from their diaries. Foreign Language Annals, (), –. 10.1111/j.1944‑9720.1995.tb00827.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1944-9720.1995.tb00827.x [Google Scholar]
  18. Zielinski, B., & Pryor, E.
    (2020) Comprehensibility and everyday English use: An exploration of individual trajectories over time. Journal of Second Language Pronunciation, (), –. 10.1075/jslp.20011.zie
    https://doi.org/10.1075/jslp.20011.zie [Google Scholar]

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Introduction
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error