1887
Volume 3, Issue 1
  • ISSN 2215-1931
  • E-ISSN: 2215-194X
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Shadowing has been demonstrated to improve various aspects of second language learners’ pronunciation but few studies have investigated whether these changes impact untrained listeners’ perceptions. In the present study, sixteen participants used iPods to practice shadowing short dialogues for eight weeks. The participants practiced at least four times per week for a minimum of 10 minutes each time, and recorded themselves while shadowing. Two tasks (a shadowing task and an extemporaneous speaking task) were administered as pre-, mid-, and post-tests, and were rated by 22 speakers of English. The shadowing task was rated for learners’ ability to imitate a speech model and the extemporaneous speaking task was rated for comprehensibility, accentedness, and fluency. Interview data were also collected during the study to gauge participants’ opinions of the activities. Results indicated that the participants improved significantly on all speaking measures apart from accentedness and were largely positive about the activities.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/jslp.3.1.02foo
2017-04-07
2019-11-21
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Acton, W
    (1984) Changing fossilized pronunciation. TESOL Quarterly, 18, 71–86. doi: 10.2307/3586336
    https://doi.org/10.2307/3586336 [Google Scholar]
  2. Avery, P. , & Ehrlich, A
    (1992) Teaching American English Pronunciation. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Bovee, N. , & Stewart, J
    (2009) The utility of shadowing. In A.M. Stoke (Ed.), JALT 2008 Conference Proceedings. Tokyo: JALT.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Celce-Murcia, M. , Brinton, D. , Goodwin, J. , & Griner, B.
    (2010) Teaching pronunciation: A course book and reference guide (2nd Edition). New York: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Derwing, T. M. , & Munro, M. J
    (2013) The development of L2 oral language skills in two L1 groups: A 7-year study. Language Learning, 63, 163–185. doi: 10.1111/lang.12000
    https://doi.org/10.1111/lang.12000 [Google Scholar]
  6. Derwing, T. M. , Munro, M. J. , & Thomson, R. I
    (2008) A longitudinal study of ESL learners' fluency and comprehensibility development. Applied Linguistics, 29, 359–380. doi: 10.1093/applin/amm041
    https://doi.org/10.1093/applin/amm041 [Google Scholar]
  7. Derwing, T. M. , Munro, M. J. , & Wiebe, G
    (1998) Evidence in favor of a broad framework for pronunciation instruction. Language Learning, 48, 393–410. doi: 10.1111/0023‑8333.00047
    https://doi.org/10.1111/0023-8333.00047 [Google Scholar]
  8. Derwing, T. M. , Munro, M. J. , Foote, J. A. , Waugh, E. , & Fleming, J
    (2014) Opening the window on comprehensible pronunciation after 19 years: A workplace training study. Language Learning, 64, 526–548. doi: 10.1111/lang.12053
    https://doi.org/10.1111/lang.12053 [Google Scholar]
  9. Derwing, T. , Munro, M. , Thomson, R. , & Rossiter, M
    (2009) The relationship between L1 fluency and L2 fluency development. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 31, 533–557. doi: 10.1017/S0272263109990015
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0272263109990015 [Google Scholar]
  10. Ding, Y
    (2007) Text memorization and imitation: The practices of successful Chinese learners of English. System, 35, 271–280. doi: 10.1016/j.system.2006.12.005
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.system.2006.12.005 [Google Scholar]
  11. Flege, J. E
    (1984) The detection of French accent by American listeners. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 76, 692–707. doi: 10.1121/1.391256
    https://doi.org/10.1121/1.391256 [Google Scholar]
  12. Foote, J. A. , & Smith, G
    (2013, September). Is there an App for that?Paper presented at thePronunciation in Second Language Learning and Teaching conference, Ames, Iowa.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Foote, J. A. , Trofimovich, P. , Collins, L. , & Soler-Urzúa, F
    (2016) Pronunciation teaching practices in communicative second language classes. The Language Learning Journal, 44, 181–196. doi: 10.1080/09571736.2013.784345
    https://doi.org/10.1080/09571736.2013.784345 [Google Scholar]
  14. Goldinger, S
    (1998) Echoes of echoes? An episodic theory of lexical access. Psychological Review, 105, 251–279. doi: 10.1037/0033‑295X.105.2.251
    https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-295X.105.2.251 [Google Scholar]
  15. Hamada, H
    (2014) The effectiveness of pre- and post-shadowing in improving listening comprehension skills. The Language Teacher, 38, 3–10.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Hardison, D. M. , & Sonchaeng, C
    (2005) Theatre voice training and technology in teaching oral skills: Integrating the components of a speech event. System, 33, 593–608. doi: 10.1016/j.system.2005.02.001
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.system.2005.02.001 [Google Scholar]
  17. Hiramatsu, S
    (2000) A differentiated/integrated approach to shadowing and repeating. Retrieved from: cur-ren.cjc.ac.jp/detail/58720100222082933?l=en
  18. Hsieh, K-T. , Dong, D-A. , & Wang, L-Y
    (2013) A preliminary study of applying shadowing technique to English intonation instruction. Taiwan Journal of Linguistics, 11, 43–66.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Isaacs, T. , & Trofimovich, P
    (2012) Deconstructing comprehensibility. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 34, 475–505. doi: 10.1017/S0272263112000150
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0272263112000150 [Google Scholar]
  20. Li-Chi, L
    (2009) A study of using shadowing as a task in junior high school EFL program in Taiwan. Master’s Thesis. National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Teipei, Taiwan.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Luo, D. , Shimomura, N. , Minematsu, N. , Yamauchi, Y. , & Hirose, K
    (2008) Automatic pronunciation evaluation of language learners’ utterances generated through shadowing. Interspeech2008, 2807–2810.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Martinsen, R.A. , Alvord, S.M. , & Tanner, J
    (2014) Perceived foreign accent: Extended stays abroad, level of instruction, and motivation. Foreign Language Annals, 47, 66–78. doi: 10.1111/flan.12076
    https://doi.org/10.1111/flan.12076 [Google Scholar]
  23. Monk, M. , & Meyers, C
    (2004) Documenting prosodic acquisition using the mirroring project. SPLIS News, 2(1). Retrieved from: www.tesol.org/read-and-publish/newsletters-other-publications/interest-section-newsletters/as-we-speak-(splis)/2011/11/03/splis-news-volume-2-1- (December 2004).
  24. Mori, Y
    (2011) Shadowing with oral reading: Effects of combined training on the improvement of Japanese EFL learners' prosody. Language Education & Technology, 48, 1–22.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Munro, M. J. , & Derwing, T. M
    (1995) Foreign accent, comprehensibility, and intelligibility in the speech of second language learners. Language Learning, 45, 73–97. doi: 10.1111/j.1467‑1770.1995.tb00963.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-1770.1995.tb00963.x [Google Scholar]
  26. Rongna, A. , & Hayahi, R
    (2012) Accuracy of Japanese pitch accent rises during and after shadowing training. Proceedings from 6th International Conference on Speech Prosody, (n.p.). Retrieved from: www.speechprosody2012.org/uploadfiles/file/sp2012_submission_98.pdf (May 2012).
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Rosse, M
    (1999) Tracking – A method for teaching prosody to ESL learners. Prospect, 14, 53–61.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Saito, K. , Trofimovich, P. , & Isaacs, T
    (2015) Using listener judgements to investigate linguistic influences on L2 comprehensibility and accentedness: A validation and generalization study. Applied Linguistics. Advance online publication. applij.oxfordjournals.org/
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Saito, Y. , Nagasawa, Y. , & Ishikawa, S
    (2011) Effective instruction of shadowing using a movie. In A. Stewart (Ed.), JALT 2010 Conference Proceedings (pp.139–148). Tokyo: JALT.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Schweda-Nicholson, N
    (1990) The role of shadowing in interpreter training. The Interpreters’ Newsletter, 3. Retrieved from: www.openstarts.units.it/dspace/bitstream/10077/2152/l/07.pdf (August 2012).
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Thomson, R. I. , & Derwing, T. M
    (2014) The effectiveness of L2 pronunciation instruction: A narrative review. Applied Linguistics, 36, 326–344. doi: 10.1093/applin/amu076
    https://doi.org/10.1093/applin/amu076 [Google Scholar]
  32. Walker, R
    (2005) Using student‐produced recordings with monolingual groups to provide effective, individualized pronunciation practice. TESOL Quarterly, 39, 550–558. doi: 10.2307/3588495
    https://doi.org/10.2307/3588495 [Google Scholar]
  33. Zielinski, B. , Meyers, C. , McGregor, A. , & Reed, M
    . (October 2015) In search of a teachable model of intonation. Paper presented at thePronunciation in Second Language Learning and Teaching conference, Dallas, Texas.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/jslp.3.1.02foo
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/jslp.3.1.02foo
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Research Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error