1887
Volume 3, Issue 2
  • ISSN 2215-1931
  • E-ISSN: 2215-194X
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

This study examined phonological, temporal, lexical and grammatical correlates of native speakers’ perception of second language (L2) comprehensibility (i.e., ease of understanding). L2 learners of Japanese with various proficiency levels engaged in oral picture description tasks which were judged by native speaking raters for comprehensibility, and then submitted to pronunciation, fluency, and lexicogrammar analyses. According to correlation analyses and linear mixed-models, the native speaking judges’ comprehensibility ratings were significantly linked not only with actual usage of words in context (lexical appropriateness) but also with the surface details of words (pitch accent, speech rate, lexical variation). Similar to previous L2 English studies (e.g., Isaacs & Trofimovich, 2012 ), the influence of segmental and morphological errors in the comprehensibility of L2 Japanese speech appeared to be minor.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/jslp.3.2.02sai
2017-12-04
2019-09-21
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Akagi, H. , Uchida, N. , & Furuichi, Y.
    (2010) Rizumu de minitsuku nihongo no hatsuon [Learning Japanese pronunciation with rhythms]. Tokyo: Three A Network.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Akiyama, Y. , & Saito, K.
    (2016) Development of comprehensibility and its linguistic correlates: A longitudinal study of video-mediated telecollaboration. Modern Language Journal, 100, 585–609. doi: 10.1111/modl.12338
    https://doi.org/10.1111/modl.12338 [Google Scholar]
  3. Anderson-Hsieh, J. , Johnson, K. , & Koehler, K.
    (1992) The relationship between native speaker judgments of non-native pronunciation and deviance in segmentals, prosody, and syllable structure. Language Learning, 42, 529–555. doi: 10.1111/j.1467‑1770.1992.tb01043.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-1770.1992.tb01043.x [Google Scholar]
  4. Crowther, D. , Trofimovich, P. , Isaacs, T. , & Saito, K.
    (2015) Does a speaking task affect second language comprehensibility?Modern Language Journal, 99, 80–95. doi: 10.1111/modl.12185
    https://doi.org/10.1111/modl.12185 [Google Scholar]
  5. De Jong, N. H. , Steinel, M. P. , Florijn, A. F. , Schoonen, R. , & Hulstijn, J. H.
    (2012) Facets of speaking proficiency. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 34, 5–34. doi: 10.1017/S0272263111000489
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0272263111000489 [Google Scholar]
  6. Derwing, T. M. , & Munro, M. J.
    (1997) Accent, intelligibility, and comprehensibility. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 12, 1–16.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. (2015) Pronunciation fundamentals: Evidence-based perspectives for L2 teaching and research. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/lllt.42
    https://doi.org/10.1075/lllt.42 [Google Scholar]
  8. Derwing, T. M. , & Munro, M. J. , & Wiebe, G.
    (1998) Evidence in favor of a broad framework for pronunciation instruction. Language Learning, 48, 393–410. doi: 10.1111/0023‑8333.00047
    https://doi.org/10.1111/0023-8333.00047 [Google Scholar]
  9. Derwing, T. M. , Rossiter, M. J. , & Ehrensberger-Dow, M.
    (2002) “They speaked and wrote real good”: Judgements of non-native and native grammar. Language Awareness, 11, 84–99. doi: 10.1080/09658410208667048
    https://doi.org/10.1080/09658410208667048 [Google Scholar]
  10. Derwing, T. M. , Rossiter, M. J. , Munro, M. J. , & Thomson, R. I.
    (2004) L2 fluency: Judgments on different tasks. Language Learning, 54, 655–679. doi: 10.1111/j.1467‑9922.2004.00282.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9922.2004.00282.x [Google Scholar]
  11. Flege, J. , Munro, M. J. , & MacKay, I. R. A.
    (1995) Factors affecting degree of perceived foreign accent in a second language. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 97, 3125–3134. doi: 10.1121/1.413041
    https://doi.org/10.1121/1.413041 [Google Scholar]
  12. Foote, J. , Holtby, A. , & Derwing, T. M.
    (2011) Survey of the teaching of pronunciation in adult ESL programs in Canada, 2010. TESL Canada Journal, 29, 1–22. doi: 10.18806/tesl.v29i1.1086
    https://doi.org/10.18806/tesl.v29i1.1086 [Google Scholar]
  13. Foster, P. , & Wigglesworth, G.
    (2016) Capturing accuracy in second language performance: The case for a weighted clause ratio. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics, 36, 98–116. doi: 10.1017/S0267190515000082
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0267190515000082 [Google Scholar]
  14. Hahn, L.
    (2004) Primary stress and intelligibility: Research to motivate the teaching of suprasegmentals. TESOL Quarterly, 38, 201–223. doi: 10.2307/3588378
    https://doi.org/10.2307/3588378 [Google Scholar]
  15. Hatakeyama, M.
    (2014, March). Corpus analysis of vocabulary by OPI proficiency levels: Interviews from Database of Japanese Language Learners Conversation (DJLLC). Poster session presented at the meeting of theAmerican Association of Japanese Teachers, Philadelphia, PA.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Hulstijn, J. H. , Schoonen, R. , De Jong, N. H. , Steinel, M. P. , & Florijn, A.
    (2012) Linguistic competences of learners of Dutch as a second language at the B1 and B2 levels of speaking proficiency of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR). Language Testing, 29, 203–221. doi: 10.1177/0265532211419826
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0265532211419826 [Google Scholar]
  17. Isaacs, T.
    (2008) Towards defining a valid assessment criterion of pronunciation proficiency in non-native English-speaking graduate students. The Canadian Modern Language Review, 64, 555–580. doi: 10.3138/cmlr.64.4.555
    https://doi.org/10.3138/cmlr.64.4.555 [Google Scholar]
  18. Isaacs, T. , & Thomson, R. I.
    (2013) Rater experience, rating scale length, and judgments of L2 pronunciation: Revisiting research conventions. Language Assessment Quarterly, 10, 135–159. doi: 10.1080/15434303.2013.769545
    https://doi.org/10.1080/15434303.2013.769545 [Google Scholar]
  19. Isaacs, T. , & Trofimovich, P.
    (2012) Deconstructing comprehensibility: Identifying the linguistic influences on listeners’ L2 comprehensibility ratings. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 34, 475–505. doi: 10.1017/S0272263112000150
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0272263112000150 [Google Scholar]
  20. Jenkins, J.
    (2000) The phonology of English as an international language. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Jułkowska, I. A. , & Cebrian, J.
    (2015) Effects of listener factors and stimulus properties on the intelligibility, comprehensibility and accentedness of L2 speech. Journal of Second Language Pronunciation, 1, 211–237. doi: 10.1075/jslp.1.2.04jul
    https://doi.org/10.1075/jslp.1.2.04jul [Google Scholar]
  22. Kang, O. , Rubin, D. , & Pickering, L.
    (2010) Suprasegmental measures of accentedness and judgments of English language learner proficiency in oral English. Modern Language Journal, 94, 554–566. doi: 10.1111/j.1540‑4781.2010.01091.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-4781.2010.01091.x [Google Scholar]
  23. Kennedy, S. , & Trofimovich, P.
    (2008) Intelligibility, comprehensibility, and accentedness of L2 speech: The role of listener experience and semantic context. The Canadian Modern Language Review, 64, 459–489. doi: 10.3138/cmlr.64.3.459
    https://doi.org/10.3138/cmlr.64.3.459 [Google Scholar]
  24. Koizumi, R. , & In’nami, Y.
    (2013) Vocabulary knowledge and speaking proficiency among second language learners from novice to intermediate levels. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 4, 900–913. doi: 10.4304/jltr.4.5.900‑913
    https://doi.org/10.4304/jltr.4.5.900-913 [Google Scholar]
  25. Levis, J.
    (2005) Changing contexts and shifting paradigms in pronunciation teaching. TESOL Quarterly, 39, 367–377. doi: 10.2307/3588485
    https://doi.org/10.2307/3588485 [Google Scholar]
  26. Major, R. , Fitzmaurice, S. , Bunta, F. , & Balasubramanian, C.
    (2002) The Effects of nonnative accents on listening comprehension: Implications for ESL assessment. TESOL Quarterly, 36, 173–190. doi: 10.2307/3588329
    https://doi.org/10.2307/3588329 [Google Scholar]
  27. McBride, K.
    (2015) Which features of Spanish learners' pronunciation most impact listener evaluations?Hispania, 98, 14–30. doi: 10.1353/hpn.2015.0001
    https://doi.org/10.1353/hpn.2015.0001 [Google Scholar]
  28. Munro, M. J. , & Derwing, T. M.
    (1995) Foreign accent, comprehensibility, and intelligibility in the speech of second language learners. Language Learning, 45, 73–97. doi: 10.1111/j.1467‑1770.1995.tb00963.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-1770.1995.tb00963.x [Google Scholar]
  29. (2001) Modeling perceptions of the accentedness and comprehensibility of L2 speech: The role of speaking rate. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 23, 451–468.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. (2006) The functional load principle in ESL pronunciation instruction: An exploratory study. System, 34, 520–531. doi: 10.1016/j.system.2006.09.004
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.system.2006.09.004 [Google Scholar]
  31. O'Brien, M. G.
    (2014) L2 learners’ assessments of accentedness, fluency, and comprehensibility of native and nonnative German speech. Language Learning, 64, 715–748. doi: 10.1111/lang.12082
    https://doi.org/10.1111/lang.12082 [Google Scholar]
  32. Ortega, L. , Iwashita, N. , Norris, J. M. , & Rabie, S.
    (2002, October). An investigation of elicited imitation tasks in crosslinguistic SLA research. Paper presented at theSecond Language Research Forum, Toronto.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Piske, T. , MacKay, I. , & Flege, J.
    (2001) Factors affecting degree of foreign accents in an L2: A review. Journal of Phonetics, 29, 191–215. doi: 10.1006/jpho.2001.0134
    https://doi.org/10.1006/jpho.2001.0134 [Google Scholar]
  34. Saito, K. , & Shintani, N.
    (2016) Do native speakers of North American and Singapore English differentially perceive second language comprehensibility?TESOL Quarterly, 50, 421–446. doi: 10.1002/tesq.234
    https://doi.org/10.1002/tesq.234 [Google Scholar]
  35. Saito, K. , Trofimovich, P. , & Isaacs, T.
    (2015) Using listener judgements to investigate linguistic influences on L2 comprehensibility and accentedness: A validation and generalization study. Applied Linguistics. doi: 10.1093/applin/amv047
    https://doi.org/10.1093/applin/amv047 [Google Scholar]
  36. (2016) Second language speech production: Investigating linguistic correlates of comprehensibility and accentedness for learners at different ability levels. Applied Psycholinguistics, 37, 217–240. doi: 10.1017/S0142716414000502
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0142716414000502 [Google Scholar]
  37. Saito, K. , Trofimovich, P. , Isaacs, T. , & Webb, S.
    (2017) Re-examining phonological and lexical correlates of second language comprehensibility: The role of rater experience. In T. Isaacs & P. Trofimovich (Eds.), Second language pronunciation assessment: Interdisciplinary perspectives. Bristol, UK: Multilingual Matters.
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Segalowitz, N. , & Freed, B. F.
    (2004) Context, contact, and cognition in oral fluency acquisition: Learning Spanish in at home and study abroad contexts. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 26, 173–199. doi: 10.1017/S0272263104262027
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0272263104262027 [Google Scholar]
  39. Toda, T.
    (2003) Acquisition of special morae in Japanese as a second language. Journal of the Phonetic Society of Japan, 7(2), 70–83.
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Varonis, E. M. , & Gass, S.
    (1982) The comprehensibility of non-native speech. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 4, 114–136. doi: 10.1017/S027226310000437X
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S027226310000437X [Google Scholar]
  41. Warner, N. , & Arai, T.
    (2001) The role of the mora in the timing of spontaneous Japanese speech. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 109(3), 1144–1156. doi: 10.1121/1.1344156
    https://doi.org/10.1121/1.1344156 [Google Scholar]
  42. Winke, P. , Gass, S. , & Myford, C.
    (2013) Raters’ L2 background as a potential source of bias in rating oral performance. Language Testing, 30, 231–252. doi: 10.1177/0265532212456968
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0265532212456968 [Google Scholar]
  43. Yuan, F. , & Ellis, R.
    (2003) The effects of pre-task planning and on-line planning on fluency, complexity and accuracy in L2 monologic oral production. Applied Linguistics, 24, 1–27. doi: 10.1093/applin/24.1.1
    https://doi.org/10.1093/applin/24.1.1 [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/jslp.3.2.02sai
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/jslp.3.2.02sai
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): comprehensibility , fluency , grammar , Japanese , pronunciation , second language speech and vocabulary
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error