1887
Volume 3, Issue 2
  • ISSN 2215-1931
  • E-ISSN: 2215-194X
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

This study investigated how previous linguistic experience and universal strategies guide the acquisition of phonology in the classroom. More specifically, it focused on the possible advantages that bilingual children have over monolingual children. Thirty-four children completed a picture-naming task: 9 Spanish native speakers, 19 English native speakers acquiring Spanish as L2 and 6 Korean-English bilinguals acquiring Spanish as L3. Results indicated that in general the children rapidly acquired native-like pronunciation of the Spanish rhotics, but the Korean-English bilinguals outperformed the English-speaking children. We propose that although previous linguistic knowledge plays a role in L2 and L3 acquisition, children are able to overcome transfer errors because they are guided by universal developmental strategies from the initial stages of acquisition. We suggest that if L3 learners have an advantage over L2 learners, this may be due to their complex linguistic knowledge and higher metalinguistic competence.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/jslp.3.2.04rey
2017-12-04
2019-08-24
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Abrahamsson, N.
    (2012) Age of onset and ultimate attainment of L2 phonetic and grammatical intuition. In N. Abrahamsson & K. Hyltenstam (Eds.), High-level L2 acquisition, learning and use. Thematic issue of Studies in Second Language Acquisition (pp.177–214). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Amastae, J.
    (1977) The use of phonology in the study of bilingualism. In B. Hoffer & B. Lou Dubois (Eds.), Southwest linguistics then and now (pp.229–281). San Antonio, TX: Trinity University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Anderson, R.
    (2004) Phonological acquisition in preschoolers learning a second language via immersion: A longitudinal study. Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics, 18, 183–210. doi: 10.1080/0269920042000193571
    https://doi.org/10.1080/0269920042000193571 [Google Scholar]
  4. Anderson, R. , & Smith, B.
    (1987) Phonological development of two-year-old monolingual Puerto Rican Spanish-speaking children. Journal of Child Language, 14, 57–78. doi: 10.1017/S0305000900012733
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0305000900012733 [Google Scholar]
  5. Asher, J. J. , & Garcia, R.
    (1969) The optimal age to learn a foreign language. Modern Language Journal, 53, 334–341. doi: 10.1111/j.1540‑4781.1969.tb04603.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-4781.1969.tb04603.x [Google Scholar]
  6. Blecua, B.
    (2001) Las vibrantes del español: Manifestaciones acústicas y procesos fonéticos. Unpublished Doctoral dissertation. Retrieved from: 〈https://ddd.uab.cat/pub/tesis/2001/tdx-0111102-110913/bbf1de3.pdfhttps://ddd.uab.cat/pub/tesis/2001/tdx-0111102-110913/bbf1de3.pdf
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Blom, E. , Paradis, J. , & Sorenson Duncan, T.
    (2012) Effects of input properties, vocabulary size, and L1 on the development of third person singular –s in child L2 English. Language Learning, 62, 965–994. doi: 10.1111/j.1467‑9922.2012.00715.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9922.2012.00715.x [Google Scholar]
  8. Boersma, P.
    (2012) Praat, a system for doing phonetics by computer. Glot International, 5(9/10), 341–345.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Bosch, L.
    (1983) El desarrollo fonológico infantil: Una prueba para su evaluación. Anuario de Psicología, 28, 85–114.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Bruck, M. , & Genesse, F.
    (1995) Phonological awareness in young second language learners. Journal of Child Language, 22, 307–324. doi: 10.1017/S0305000900009806
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0305000900009806 [Google Scholar]
  11. Cabrelli-Amaro, J.
    (2012) L3 Phonology: An understudied domain. In J. Cabrelli Amaro , S. Flynn , & J. Rothman (Eds.), Third language acquisition in adulthood (pp.33–60). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/sibil.46.05ama
    https://doi.org/10.1075/sibil.46.05ama [Google Scholar]
  12. Carballo, G. , & Mendoza, E.
    (2000) Acoustic characteristics of trill productions by groups of Spanish children. Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics, 14, 587–601. doi: 10.1080/026992000750048125
    https://doi.org/10.1080/026992000750048125 [Google Scholar]
  13. Chen, X. , Anderson, R. C. , Li, W. , Hao, M. , Wu, X. , & Shu, H.
    (2004) Phonological awareness of bilingual and monolingual Chinese children. Journal of Educational Psychology, 96, 142–151. doi: 10.1037/0022‑0663.96.1.142
    https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0663.96.1.142 [Google Scholar]
  14. De Angelis, G.
    (2007) Third or additional language acquisition. Clevedon, UK: Multilingual Matters.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Face, T. L.
    (2006) Intervocalic rhotic pronounciation by adult learners of Spanish as a second language. In C. A. Klee & T. L. Face (Eds.), Selected Proceedings of the 7th Conference on the Acquisition of Spanish and Portuguese as First and Second Language (pp.47–58). Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Proceedings Project.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Ferguson, C. , & Debose, C.
    (1977) Simplified registers, broken language, and pidginization. In A. Valdman (Ed.), Pidgin and creole linguistics (pp.99–125). Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Flege, James E.
    (1995) Second language learning: Theory, findings, and problems. In W. Strange (Ed.), Speech perception and linguistic experience: Issues in cross-language research (pp.233–277). Timonium, MD: York Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Flege, J. E. , Takagi, N. , & Mann, V.
    (1995a) Japanese adults can learn to produce English /ɹ/ and /l/ accurately. Language and Speech, 38, 25–55. doi: 10.1177/002383099503800102
    https://doi.org/10.1177/002383099503800102 [Google Scholar]
  19. Flege, J. E. , Munro, M. , & MacKay, I.
    (1995b) Factors affecting strength of perceived foreign accent in a second language. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 97, 3125–3134. doi: 10.1121/1.413041
    https://doi.org/10.1121/1.413041 [Google Scholar]
  20. Georgia, A.
    (2007) Phonological awareness in bilingual and trilingual school children. The Linguistics Journal, 3, 8–15.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Goldstein, B.
    (2004) Bilingual language development and disorders in Spanish–English speakers. Baltimore, MD: Paul H. Brookes.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Gómez-Fernández, D.
    (2004) La adquisición de las líquidas en los niños de Sevilla y su provincia: Desde los doce a los treinta y seis meses. Revista de Filología y su Didáctica, 27, 125–185.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Granena, G. , & Long, M. H.
    (2013) Age of onset, length of residence, language aptitude, and ultimate L2 attainment in three linguistic domains. Second Language Research, 29, 311–343. doi: 10.1177/0267658312461497
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0267658312461497 [Google Scholar]
  24. Hualde, J. I.
    (2005) The sounds of Spanish. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Hecht, B. F. , & Mulford, R.
    (1982) The acquisition of a second language phonology: Interaction of transfer and developmental factors. Applied Linguistics, 3, 313–328.
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Henriksen, N.
    (2015) Acoustic analysis of the rhotic contrast in Chicagoland Spanish. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism, 5, 285–321. doi: 10.1075/lab.5.3.01hen
    https://doi.org/10.1075/lab.5.3.01hen [Google Scholar]
  27. Ingram, J. C. L. , & Park, S.-G.
    (1998) Language, context, and speaker effects in the identification and discrimination of English /r/ and /l/ by Japanese and Korean listeners. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 103, 1161–1174. doi: 10.1121/1.421225
    https://doi.org/10.1121/1.421225 [Google Scholar]
  28. Kopečková, R.
    (2014) Crosslinguistic Influence in instructed L3 child phonology acquisition. In M. Pawlak & L. Aronin (Eds.), Essential topics in applied linguistics and multilingualism, second language learning and teaching. Studies in honor of David Singleton (pp.205–224). Dordrecht: Springer. doi: 10.1007/978‑3‑319‑01414‑2_12
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-01414-2_12 [Google Scholar]
  29. Ladefoged, P.
    (2006) A course in phonetics. Rosenberg: Thomson Wadsworth
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Ladefoged, P. , & Maddieson, I.
    (1996) The sounds of the world’s languages. Oxford: Blackwell.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Lenneberg, E.
    (1967) Biological foundations of language. New York, NY: Wiley & Sons.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Lewis, A. M.
    (2004) Coarticulatory effects on Spanish trill production. In A. Agwuele , W. Warren , & S.-H. Park (Eds.), Proceedings of the 2003 Texas Linguistics Society Conference (pp.116–127). Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Lipski, J.
    (1990) Spanish taps and trills: phonological structure of an isolated opposition. Folia Linguistica, 24, 153–74. doi: 10.1515/flin.1990.24.3‑4.153
    https://doi.org/10.1515/flin.1990.24.3-4.153 [Google Scholar]
  34. Major, R. C.
    (1987) A model for interlanguage phonology. In G. Ioup & S. L. Weinberger (Eds.), Interlanguage phonology: The acquisition of a second language sound system (pp.101–124). Rowley, MA: Newbury House.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. (2001) Foreign accent: The ontogeny and phylogeny of second language phonology. New York, NY: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Meisel, J. M.
    (2008) Child second language acquisition or successive first language acquisition?In B. Haznedar & E. Gavruseva (Eds.), Current trends in child second language acquisition (pp.55–80). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/lald.46.04mei
    https://doi.org/10.1075/lald.46.04mei [Google Scholar]
  37. Melgar de González, M.
    (1976) Cómo detectar al niño con problemas del habla. México: Trillas.
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Melhorn, G.
    (2007) From Russian to Polish: Positive transfer in third language acquisition. 16th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Saarbrücken (pp.1745–1748).
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Moyer, A.
    (1999) Ultimate attainment in L2 phonology. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 21, 81–108. doi: 10.1017/S0272263199001035
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0272263199001035 [Google Scholar]
  40. (2004) Age, accent and experience in second language acquisition: An integrated approach to critical period inquiry. Clevedon, UK: Multilingual Matters.
    [Google Scholar]
  41. (2007) Do language attitudes determine accent? A study of bilinguals in the USA. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 28, 1–17. doi: 10.2167/jmmd514.0
    https://doi.org/10.2167/jmmd514.0 [Google Scholar]
  42. (2014) Exceptional outcomes in L2 phonology: The critical factors of learner engagement and self –regulation. Applied Linguistics, 35, 418–440. doi: 10.1093/applin/amu012
    https://doi.org/10.1093/applin/amu012 [Google Scholar]
  43. Olsen M. K.
    (2012) The L2 acquisition of Spanish rhotics by L1 English speakers: The effect of L1 articulatory routines and phonetic context for allophonic variation. Hispania, 95, 65–82.
    [Google Scholar]
  44. Oyama, S.
    (1976) A sensitive period for the acquisition of a nonnative phonological system. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 5, 261–283. doi: 10.1007/BF01067377
    https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01067377 [Google Scholar]
  45. Paradis, J.
    (2011) Individual differences in child English second language acquisition: Comparing child-internal and child-external factors. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism, 1, 213–237. doi: 10.1075/lab.1.3.01par
    https://doi.org/10.1075/lab.1.3.01par [Google Scholar]
  46. Piske, T. , MacKay, I. R. A. , & Flege, J. E.
    (2001) Factor affecting degree of foreign accent in an L2: A review. Journal of Phonetics, 29, 191–215. doi: 10.1006/jpho.2001.0134
    https://doi.org/10.1006/jpho.2001.0134 [Google Scholar]
  47. Reeder, J. T.
    (1998) English speakers’ acquisition of voiceless stops and trills in L2 Spanish. Texas Papers in Foreign Language Education, 3, 101–117.
    [Google Scholar]
  48. Rose, M.
    (2010a) Intervocalic tap and trill production in the acquisition of Spanish as a second language. Studies in Hispanic and Lusophone Linguistics, 3, 379–419. doi: 10.1515/shll‑2010‑1080
    https://doi.org/10.1515/shll-2010-1080 [Google Scholar]
  49. (2010b) Differences in discriminating L2 consonants: A comparison of Spanish taps and trills. In M. T. Prior et al . (Eds.), Selected Proceedings of the 2008 Second Language Research Forum (pp.181–196). Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Proceedings Project.
    [Google Scholar]
  50. Serra, M.
    (1979) Normas estadísticas para la población escolar de tres a siete años en el área metropolitana de Barcelona. Revista de Logopedia, Foniatría y Audiología, 3, 232–235.
    [Google Scholar]
  51. Sheldon, A. , & Winifred, S.
    (1982) The acquisition of /r/ and /l/ by Japanese learners of English: Evidence that speech production can precede speech recognition. Applied Psycholinguistics, 3, 243–261. doi: 10.1017/S0142716400001417
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0142716400001417 [Google Scholar]
  52. Solé, M.
    (2002) Aerodynamic characteristics of trills and phonological patterning. Journal of Phonetics, 30, 655–688. doi: 10.1006/jpho.2002.0179
    https://doi.org/10.1006/jpho.2002.0179 [Google Scholar]
  53. Schwartz, B. D.
    (2003) Why child L2 acquisition?In J. van Kampen & S. Baauw (Eds.), Proceedings of GALA 2003, 1 [LOT Occasional Series] (pp.47–66). Utrecht University.
    [Google Scholar]
  54. Tremblay, M. C.
    (2007) L2 influence on L3 pronunciation: Nativelike VOT in the L3 Japanese of EnglishFrench bilinguals. Paper presented at theSatellite Workshop of ICPhS XVI, Freiburg, Germany, 3–4 August 2007.
    [Google Scholar]
  55. Unsworth, S.
    (2005) Child L2, adult L2, child L1: Differences and similarities. A study on the acquisition of direct object scrambling in Dutch. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Utrecht University.
    [Google Scholar]
  56. (2008) Comparing child L2 development with adult L2 development: How to measure L2 proficiency. In E. Gavruseva & B. Haznedar (Eds.), Current trends in child second language acquisition (pp.301–336). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/lald.46.15uns
    https://doi.org/10.1075/lald.46.15uns [Google Scholar]
  57. Widdison, K. A.
    (1998) Phonetic motivation for variation in Spanish trills. Orbis: Bulletin International de Documentation Linguistique, 40, 51–61. doi: 10.2143/ORB.40.1.505038
    https://doi.org/10.2143/ORB.40.1.505038 [Google Scholar]
  58. Winitz, H. , Gillespie, B. , & Starcev, J.
    (1995) The development of English speech patterns of a 7-year-old Polish-speaking child. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 24, 117–143. doi: 10.1007/BF02143959
    https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02143959 [Google Scholar]
  59. Wode, H.
    (1976) Developmental sequences in naturalistic L2 acquisition. Working papers in Bilingualism, 11, 1–31.
    [Google Scholar]
  60. Wrembel, M.
    (2010) L2 accented speech in L3 production. International Journal of Multilingualism, 7, 75–90. doi: 10.1080/14790710902972263
    https://doi.org/10.1080/14790710902972263 [Google Scholar]
  61. Wunder, E.
    (2010) Phonological cross-linguistic influence in third or additional language acquisition. Proceedings of 6th New Sounds 2010, Poznań, 566–571.
    [Google Scholar]
  62. Yelland, G. W. , Pollard, J. , & Mercuri, A.
    (1993) The metalinguistic benefits of limited contact with a second language. Applied Psycholinguistics, 14, 23–444. doi: 10.1017/S0142716400010687
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0142716400010687 [Google Scholar]
  63. Yeni-Komshian, G. , Flege, J. , & Liu, S.
    (2000) Pronunciation proficiency in first and second languages of Korean–English bilinguals. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 3, 131–149. doi: 10.1017/S1366728900000225
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S1366728900000225 [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/jslp.3.2.04rey
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/jslp.3.2.04rey
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): child language acquisition , rhotics , second language , Spanish and third language
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error