Volume 3, Issue 2
  • ISSN 2542-3835
  • E-ISSN: 2542-3843
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Recent research on third language acquisition has been focusing on identifying the source of transfer in third language (L3) acquisition. In this article, we report on an empirical study of a less-studied language combination of , and English, which examines how speakers of as a first, second and third language process indefinite and definite subjects. Our data reveals that both typologically and structurally similar and less similar languages are available for transfer in third language acquisition, thus such transfer can be facilitative as well as detrimental. We also find that the frequency and length of exposure to the second language (L2) and the vulnerability of the property under investigation may cause first language attrition, which could influence third language acquisition.


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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): ; definiteness; English; language transfer; second/third language acquisition
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