Volume 4, Issue 2
  • ISSN 2542-3835
  • E-ISSN: 2542-3843
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This study explores whether novice bilinguals store newly-learned pseudo-L2 words together with or separately from the L1, by testing whether pseudo-L2 words compete with their formally-similar L1 words. Although we attempted to obtain a prime lexicality effect (PLE), with newly-trained pseudo-L2 words as primes and their formally-similar words in L1 as targets () showing an inhibitory effect, and untrained nonword primes with these targets () showing a facilitatory effect, no such PLE was obtained. This was the case despite the fact that these newly-learned pseudo-L2 words yielded repetition priming (), suggesting that some form of representations were developed for these words. These results are discussed in terms of how to test newly-learned pseudo-L2 words, and whether competition can be exploited to test lexical integration.


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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): masked form priming; newly-learned pseudo-L2 words; prime lexicality effect
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