1887
Volume 18, Issue 1
  • ISSN 0257-3784
  • E-ISSN: 2212-9731

Abstract

Abstract

This work examines Seoul Korean listeners’ perception of the five Korean sibilants: affricates /c′, c, ch/ and fricatives /s′, s/. Natural productions of the consonants were manipulated to vary orthogonally along several phonetic parameters relevant to the place/manner contrast ((denti)alveolar fricative vs. (palato)alveolar affricate) and the laryngeal contrast (fortis vs. lenis vs. aspirated). Of particular interest was listeners’ representation of /s/, whose laryngeal status is ambiguous. All manipulated parameters (baseline consonant and vowel affiliation, fundamental frequency at vowel onset, frication duration, and aspiration duration) influenced categorization, with consonant and vowel spectral information playing the primary role in distinguishing most sibilants. However, f0, a laryngeal cue, trumped place and manner cues in affricate vs. fricative classification, highlighting the increasing importance of f0 in Korean segmental phonology.

Available under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license.
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/kl.16001.sch
2022-03-28
2022-05-20
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/kl.16001.sch.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.1075/kl.16001.sch&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Anderson, Victoria, Insung Ko, & William O’Grady
    2004 Palatographic investigation of place of articulation in Korean coronal obstruents. Korean Linguistics12.1–24. 10.1075/kl.12.01va
    https://doi.org/10.1075/kl.12.01va [Google Scholar]
  2. Bates, Douglas, Martin Maechler, Benjamin M. Bolker, & Steven C. Walker
    2015 Lme4: Linear Mixed-Effects Models using Eigen and S4. R package version1.1–8, CRAN.R-project.org/package=lme4
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Boersma, Paul, & David Weenink
    2011 Praat: Doing phonetics by computer. Version 5.3, www.praat.org
  4. Broersma, M.
    2010 Korean lenis, fortis, and aspirated stops: Effect of place of articulation on acoustic realization. INTERSPEECH 2010: 941–944. 10.21437/Interspeech.2010‑317
    https://doi.org/10.21437/Interspeech.2010-317 [Google Scholar]
  5. Chang, Charles B.
    2013 The production and perception of coronal fricatives in Seoul Korean: The case for a fourth laryngeal category. Korean Linguistics15:1.7–49. 10.1075/kl.15.1.02cha
    https://doi.org/10.1075/kl.15.1.02cha [Google Scholar]
  6. Cho, Taehong, Sun-Ah Jun, & Peter Ladefoged
    2002 Acoustic and aerodynamic correlates of Korean stops and fricatives. Journal of Phonetics30:2.193–228. 10.1006/jpho.2001.0153
    https://doi.org/10.1006/jpho.2001.0153 [Google Scholar]
  7. Holliday, Jeffrey J.
    2010 An acoustic study of L2 perceptual acquisition of Korean fricatives. Harvard Studies in Korean Linguistics13.17–32.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. 2014 The perception of Seoul Korean fricatives by listeners from five different native dialect and language groups. Korean Linguistics16:2.93–110. 10.1075/kl.16.2.01hol
    https://doi.org/10.1075/kl.16.2.01hol [Google Scholar]
  9. Iverson, Gregory K.
    1983 Korean S. Journal of Phonetics11.191–200. 10.1016/S0095‑4470(19)30815‑0
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0095-4470(19)30815-0 [Google Scholar]
  10. Jang, Hyejin
    2011 국어 어두 장애음의 음향적 특성과 지각 단서. PhD thesis.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Kang, Kyoung-Ho, & Susan Guion
    2008 Clear speech production of Korean stops: Changing phonetic targets and enhancement strategies. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America124:6.3909–17. 10.1121/1.2988292
    https://doi.org/10.1121/1.2988292 [Google Scholar]
  12. Kang, Kyung-Shim
    2000 On Korean fricatives. Eumseonggwahag7:3.53–68.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Kang, Yoonjung
    2014 Voice Onset Time merger and development of tonal contrast in Seoul Korean stops: A Corpus Study. Journal of Phonetics45.76–90. 10.1016/j.wocn.2014.03.005
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wocn.2014.03.005 [Google Scholar]
  14. Kang, Yoonjung, Sungwoo Han, Alexei Kochetov, & Eun Jong Kong
    2014 Dialectal variation in affricate place of articulation in Korean. The 168th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America136:4.2145. 10.1121/1.4899745
    https://doi.org/10.1121/1.4899745 [Google Scholar]
  15. Kang, Yoonjung, Alexei Kochetov, & David Go
    2009 The acoustics of Korean fricatives. CRC-Sponsored Summer Phonetics/Phonology Workshop, Department of Linguistics, University of Toronto.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Kim, Hyunsoon
    2001 The place of articulation of the Korean plain affricate in intervocalic position: An articulatory and acoustic study. Journal of the International Phonetic Association31:2.229–57. 10.1017/S0025100301002055
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0025100301002055 [Google Scholar]
  17. Kim, Midam
    2004 Correlation between VOT and F0 in the perception of Korean stops and affricates. Interspeech 2004 8. 10.21437/Interspeech.2004‑57
    https://doi.org/10.21437/Interspeech.2004-57 [Google Scholar]
  18. Kim, Mi-Ryoung
    2000 Segmental and tonal interactions in English and Korean: A phonetic and phonological study. Ph.D. thesis, University of Michigan.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Kim-Renaud, Young-Key
    1974 Korean consonantal phonology. PhD thesis, University of Hawaii, Manoa.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Kong, Eun Jong, Soyoung Kang & Misun Seo
    2014 Gender difference in the affricate productions of young Seoul Korean speakers. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America136:4.EL329–L335. 10.1121/1.4896420
    https://doi.org/10.1121/1.4896420 [Google Scholar]
  21. Lee, Goun & Allard Jongman
    2014 Cue integration in the perception of fricative-vowel coarticulation in Korean. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America136:4.2173. 10.1121/1.4899864
    https://doi.org/10.1121/1.4899864 [Google Scholar]
  22. Lee, Hyunjung & Allard Jongman
    2012 Effects of tone on the three-way laryngeal distinction in Korean: An acoustic and aerodynamic comparison of the Seoul and South Kyungsang dialects. Journal of the International Phonetic Association42:2.145–69. 10.1017/S0025100312000035
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0025100312000035 [Google Scholar]
  23. Lee, Hyunjung, Stephen Politzer-Ahles, & Allard Jongman
    2013 Speakers of tonal and non-tonal Korean dialects use different cue weightings in the perception of the three-way laryngeal stop contrast. Journal of Phonetics41:2.117–32. 10.1016/j.wocn.2012.12.002
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wocn.2012.12.002 [Google Scholar]
  24. Lisker, Leigh & Arthur Abramson
    1964 A cross-language study of voicing in initial stops: acoustical measurements. Word20.384–422. 10.1080/00437956.1964.11659830
    https://doi.org/10.1080/00437956.1964.11659830 [Google Scholar]
  25. Moulines, Eric & Francis Charpentier
    1990 Pitch-synchronous waveform processing techniques for text-to-speech synthesis using diphones. Speech Communication9:5.453–467. 10.1016/0167‑6393(90)90021‑Z
    https://doi.org/10.1016/0167-6393(90)90021-Z [Google Scholar]
  26. Park, Soonboak, Bong-won Yi, Jiyoung Shin, & Kee-Ho Kim
    1998 Perceptual cues for Korean affricate vs. fricative distinction. Speech Sciences4:1.47–58.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Peirce, J. W.
    2007 PsychoPy – Psychophysics software in Python. Journal of Neuroscience Methods162:1–2.8–13. 10.1016/j.jneumeth.2006.11.017
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jneumeth.2006.11.017 [Google Scholar]
  28. Silva, David
    2006 Acoustic evidence for the emergence of tonal contrast in contemporary Korean. Phonology23:2.287–308. 10.1017/S0952675706000911
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0952675706000911 [Google Scholar]
  29. Winter, Bodo
    2014 Spoken language achieves robustness and evolvability by exploiting degeneracy and neutrality. Bioessays36.960–67. 10.1002/bies.201400028
    https://doi.org/10.1002/bies.201400028 [Google Scholar]
  30. Yoon, Kyuchul
    1999 A Study of Korean Alveolar fricatives: An acoustic analysis, synthesis, and perception experiment. Proceedings of the 34th Mid-America Linguistics Conference, 549–63.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/kl.16001.sch
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/kl.16001.sch
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): Korean; phonetic cue weighting; sibilants; speech perception
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error