Volume 19, Issue 1
  • ISSN 0257-3784
  • E-ISSN: 2212-9731



Korean speech styles ( and in particular) are compared with Finnish terms of address from the perspective of KFL learners, focusing on three variables, namely “power”, “distance”, and “imposition” (Brown and Levinson, 1987). The comparison is based on Peterson (2010), which the current study replicates. The data were collected during a Discourse Completion Task: seventy-eight native speakers of Korean were provided with seven scenarios depicting everyday situations. The results underpin the common belief that is the most common speech style in Korean society. On the pedagogical level, therefore, it should be considered unmarked, meaning that no explication such as “informal polite” is required. However, should be introduced as a speech style that may be mixed with , but also as the norm exclusively used in some restricted formal and writing contexts. Other speech styles may be explained in a similar manner in the KFL classroom.

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