Volume 7, Issue 6
  • ISSN 1879-9264
  • E-ISSN: 1879-9272
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes
Preview this article:


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


  1. Chamorro, G. , Sorace, A. , & Sturt, P.
    (2016) What is the source of L1 attrition? The effect of recent L1 re-exposure on Spanish speakers under L1 attrition. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 19(3), 520–532. doi: 10.1017/S1366728915000152
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S1366728915000152 [Google Scholar]
  2. Cook, V. J.
    (2013) Multicompetence. In C. Chapelle (Ed.), The encyclopedia of applied linguistics (pp.3768–3774). Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Dostert, S. C.
    (2009) Multilingualism, L1 attrition and the concept of ‘native speaker’. PhD dissertation, University of Düsseldorf.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Gürel, A.
    (2002) Linguistic characteristics of second language acquisition and first language attrition: Overt versus null pronouns. PhD dissertation, McGill University, Montreal.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Han, Z. , & Tarone, E.
    (2014) Interlanguage. Forty years later. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/lllt.39
    https://doi.org/10.1075/lllt.39 [Google Scholar]
  6. Hyltenstam, K. , Bylund, E. , Abrahamsson, N. , & Park, H-S.
    (2009) Dominant-language replacement: The case of international adoptees. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 12(2), 121–140. doi: 10.1017/S1366728908004008121
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S1366728908004008121 [Google Scholar]
  7. Kaltsa, M. , Tsimpli, I. M. , & Rothman, J.
    (2015) Exploring the source of differences and similarities in L1 attrition and heritage speaker competence: Evidence from pronominal resolution. Lingua, 164, 266–288. doi: 10.1016/j.lingua.2015.06.002
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lingua.2015.06.002 [Google Scholar]
  8. Köpke, B.
    (2007) Language attrition at the crossroads of brain, mind, and society. In B. Köpke , M. S. Schmid , M. Keijzer & S. Dostert (Eds.), Language attrition. Theoretical perspectives (pp.9–37). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/sibil.33.03kop
    https://doi.org/10.1075/sibil.33.03kop [Google Scholar]
  9. Montrul, S.
    (2008) Incomplete acquisition in bilingualism: Reexamining the age factor. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/sibil.39
    https://doi.org/10.1075/sibil.39 [Google Scholar]
  10. Pallier, C. , Dehaene, S. , Poline, J. B. , LeBihan, D. , Argenti, A. M. , Dupoux, E. , & Mehler, J.
    (2003) Brain imaging of language plasticity in adopted adults: Can a second language replace the first?Cerebral Cortex, 13, 155–161. doi: 10.1093/cercor/13.2.155
    https://doi.org/10.1093/cercor/13.2.155 [Google Scholar]
  11. Pavlenko, A.
    (2000) L2 influence on L1 in late bilingualism. Issues in Applied Linguistics, 11 (2), 175–205.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Pierce, L. J. , Klein, D. , Chenc, J-K. , Delcenserie, A. , & Genesee, F.
    (2014) Mapping the unconscious maintenance of a lost first language. Psychological and Cognitive Sciences, 111 (48), 17314 17319. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1409411111
    https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1409411111 [Google Scholar]
  13. Schmid, M.
    (2002) First language attrition, use, and maintenance: The case of German Jews in Anglophone countries. Amsterdam, the Netherlands/Philadelphia: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/sibil.24
    https://doi.org/10.1075/sibil.24 [Google Scholar]
  14. (2013) First language attrition. WIREs Cognitive Science. doi: 10.1002/wcs.1218
    https://doi.org/10.1002/wcs.1218 [Google Scholar]
  15. Schmid, M. , & Köpke, B.
    (2007) Bilingualism and attrition. In B. Köpke , M. S. Schmid , M. Keijzer & S. Dostert (Eds.), Language attrition. Theoretical perspectives (pp.1–7). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/sibil.33.02sch
    https://doi.org/10.1075/sibil.33.02sch [Google Scholar]
  16. (2017) The relevance of first language attrition to theories of bilingual development. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism. doi: 10.1075/lab.17058.sch
    https://doi.org/10.1075/lab.17058.sch [Google Scholar]
  17. Schmid, M. , & Beers Fägersten, K.
    (2010) Disfluency markers in language attrition. Language Learning, 60(4), 753–791. doi: 10.1111/j.1467‑9922.2010.00575.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9922.2010.00575.x [Google Scholar]
  18. Seliger, H. W.
    (1996) Primary language attrition in the context of bilingualism. In T. J. Bhatia & W. C. Ritchie (Eds.), Handbook of second language acquisition (pp.605–626). Academic Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Sorace, A.
    (2011) Pinning down the concept of “interface” in bilingualism. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism, 1(1), 1–33. doi: 10.1075/lab.1.1.01sor
    https://doi.org/10.1075/lab.1.1.01sor [Google Scholar]
  20. Tsimpli, I. , Sorace, A. , Heycock, C. , & Filiaci, F.
    (2004) First language attrition and syntactic subjects: A study of Greek and Italian near-native speakers of English. International Journal of Bilingualism, 8, 257–277. doi: 10.1177/13670069040080030601
    https://doi.org/10.1177/13670069040080030601 [Google Scholar]
  21. Weinreich, U.
    (1953) Languages in contact. New York: Linguistic Circle of New York.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Yılmaz, G. , & Schmid, M. S.
    (2012) L1 accessibility among Turkish-Dutch bilinguals. The Mental Lexicon, 7(3), 249–274. doi: 10.1075/ml.7.3.01yil
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ml.7.3.01yil [Google Scholar]
  • Article Type: Article Commentary
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error