Volume 8, Issue 2
  • ISSN 1879-9264
  • E-ISSN: 1879-9272
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This study examines three L3 transfer proposals, namely the L1 Factor ( Hermas, 2010 , 2014a , 2014b ), the CEM ( Flynn et al., 2004 ) and the TPM ( Rothman, 2010 , 2011 , 2013 , 2015 ) as well as investigates the role of the language of dominance in L3 acquisition of English attributive adjectives. Three groups of bilinguals took part in this study: L1 Mazandarani/L2 Persian, with Mazandarani as the dominant language of communication, L1 Mazandarani/L2 Persian, with Persian as the dominant language of communication and L1 Persian/L2 Mazandarani, with Persian as the dominant language of communication. The results of a grammaticality judgment task and an element rearrangement task show that the predictions of the above-mentioned L3 transfer proposals were not realized. Instead, the dominant language of communication turns out to be the main source of syntactic crosslinguistic influence at the initial stages of L3 acquisition, irrespective of its status as an L1 or L2.


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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): CLI; the CEM; The L1 Factor; the TPM; third language acquisition
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