1887
Volume 8, Issue 2
  • ISSN 1879-9264
  • E-ISSN: 1879-9272
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Our study investigates the second language (L2) acquisition of scalar implicatures and . We set out to answer two research questions based on three theoretical accounts, the lexical, pragmatic and syntactic accounts. In an experiment we include English and Japanese native speakers, and intermediate and advanced Japanese L2 learners of English. We used quantifiers and in ‘Yes/No’ questions in a context with sets of toy fruits, where pragmatic answers are expected, e.g., a ‘No’ response to the question ‘?’ (when a set of 14/14 strawberries are placed inside a red circle). Our individual results indicate that L2 learners are generally more pragmatic in their responses than native English speakers. But, there are neither significant differences between groups nor significant differences between L2 proficiency levels. We consider the implications of our findings for the acquisition of L2 semantics and pragmatics.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/lab.18010.sna
2018-02-26
2019-12-13
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Antoniou, K. , & Katsos, N.
    (2017) The effect of childhood multilingualism and bilectalism on implicature understanding. Applied Psycholinguistics, 38, 787–833. doi: 10.1017/S014271641600045X
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S014271641600045X [Google Scholar]
  2. Barner, D. , Chow, K. , & Yang, S.
    (2009) Finding one’s meaning: A test of the relation between quantifiers and integers in language development. Cognitive Psychology, 58, 195–219. doi: 10.1016/j.cogpsych.2008.07.001
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cogpsych.2008.07.001 [Google Scholar]
  3. Barner, D. , Brooks, N. , & Bale, A.
    (2011) Accessing the unsaid: The role of scalar alternatives in children’s pragmatic inference. Cognition, 188, 87–96.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Bott, L. & Noveck, I.
    (2004) Some utterances are underinformative: The onset and time course of scalar inferences. Journal of Memory and Language, 51, 433–456. doi: 10.1016/j.jml.2004.05.006
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jml.2004.05.006 [Google Scholar]
  5. Breheny, R. , Katsos, N. , & Williams, J.
    (2006) Are generalized scalar implicatures generated by default? An on-line investigation into the role of context in generating pragmatic inferences. Cognition, 100, 434–463. doi: 10.1016/j.cognition.2005.07.003
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2005.07.003 [Google Scholar]
  6. Carston, R.
    (1998) Informativeness, relevance and scalar implicature. In R. Carston & S. Uchida (Eds.), Relevance theory: Applications and implications (pp.179–236). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/pbns.37.11car
    https://doi.org/10.1075/pbns.37.11car [Google Scholar]
  7. Chierchia, G.
    (2004) Scalar implicatures, polarity phenomena, and the syntax/pragmatics interface. In A. Belletti (Ed.), Structures and beyond (Vol.3, pp.39–103), Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. (2006) Broaden your views: implicatures of domain widening and the “logicality” of language. Linguistic Inquiry, 37, 535–90. doi: 10.1162/ling.2006.37.4.535
    https://doi.org/10.1162/ling.2006.37.4.535 [Google Scholar]
  9. Chierchia, G. , Crain, S. , Guasti, M. T. , Gualmini, A. , & Meroni, L.
    (2001) The acquisition of disjunction: Evidence for a grammatical view of scalar implicatures. In A. H. -J. Do , L. Dominguez , & A. Johansen (Eds.), Proceedings of the 25th Boston University Conference on Language Development (pp.157–168). Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Chierchia, G. , Fox, D. , & Spector, B.
    (2012) Scalar implicature as a grammatical phenomenon. In P. Portner , C. Maienborn , & K. von Heusinger (Eds.), Semantics: An international handbook of natural language meaning (pp.2297–2331). Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Dekydtspotter, L. & Hathorn, J.
    (2005) Quelque chose … de remarquable in English – French acquisition: mandatory, informationally encapsulated computations in second language interpretation. Second Language Research, 21(4), 291–323. doi: 10.1191/0267658305sr249oa
    https://doi.org/10.1191/0267658305sr249oa [Google Scholar]
  12. Dekydtspotter, L. , Sprouse, R. A. , & Meyer, T.
    (2005)  Was für N interrogatives and quantifier scope In English-German interpretation. In L. Dekydtspotter , R. A. Sprouse , & A. Liljestrand (Eds.), Proceedings of the 7th Generative Approaches to Second Language Acquisition Conference (pp.86–95). Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. De Neys, W. & Schaeken, W.
    (2007) When people are more logical under cognitive load: Dual task impact on scalar implicature. Experimental Psychology, 54, 128–133. doi: 10.1027/1618‑3169.54.2.128
    https://doi.org/10.1027/1618-3169.54.2.128 [Google Scholar]
  14. Dupuy, L. , Stateva, P. , Andreetta, S. , Cheylus, A. , Déprez, V. , van der Henst, J. B. , Jayez, J. , Stepanov, A. , & Reboul, A.
    (2018) Pragmatic abilities in bilinguals: The case of scalar implicatures. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism (Published online: 16 Jan 2018). doi: 10.1075/lab.17017.dup
    https://doi.org/10.1075/lab.17017.dup [Google Scholar]
  15. Feeney, A. , Scrafton, S. , Duckworth, A. , & Handley, S.
    (2004) The story of some: everyday pragmatic inference by children and adults. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 58(2), 121–132. doi: 10.1037/h0085792
    https://doi.org/10.1037/h0085792 [Google Scholar]
  16. Fox, D.
    (2007) Free choice and the theory of scalar implicatures. In U. Sauerland & P. Stateva (Eds.), Presupposition and implicature in compositional semantics, (pp.71–120). Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Studies in Pragmatics, Language and Cognition. doi: 10.1057/9780230210752_4
    https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230210752_4 [Google Scholar]
  17. Green, M.
    (1995) Quantity, volubility, and some varieties of discourse. Linguistics and Philosophy, 18, 83–112. doi: 10.1007/BF00984962
    https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00984962 [Google Scholar]
  18. Grice, H. P.
    (1975) Logic and conversation. In P. Cole & J. Morgan (Eds.), Syntax and semantics, 3: Speech acts (pp.41–58). New York: Academic Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Guasti, M. T. , Chierchia, G. , Crain, S. , Foppolo, F. , Gualmini, A. , & Meroni, L.
    (2005) Why children and adults sometimes (but not always) compute implicatures. Language and Cognitive Processes, 20(5), 667–696. doi: 10.1080/01690960444000250
    https://doi.org/10.1080/01690960444000250 [Google Scholar]
  20. Haegeman, L.
    (1988) The categorial status of modals and L2 acquisition. In S. Flynn & W. O’Neil (Eds.), Linguistic theory in second language acquisition (pp.252–276). Boston: Kluwer. doi: 10.1007/978‑94‑009‑2733‑9_14
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-2733-9_14 [Google Scholar]
  21. Hawkins, R. & Chan, Y.
    (1997) The partial availability of UG in SLA: the failed functional features hypothesis. Second Language Research, 13(3), 187–226. doi: 10.1191/026765897671476153
    https://doi.org/10.1191/026765897671476153 [Google Scholar]
  22. Hirschberg, J.
    (1985) A theory of scalar implicature. Doctoral dissertation. University of Pennsylvania.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Horn, L. R.
    (1972) On the semantic properties of logical operators in English. Doctoral dissertation. Distributed by the Indiana University Linguistics Club.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. (1997) All John’s children are as bald as the king of France: existential import and the geometry of opposition. Proceedings from the 33rd Annual Meeting of the Chicago Linguistic Society (pp.155–179). Chigago: Chicago Linguistic Society.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Huang, Y. T. & Snedeker, J.
    (2009) On-line interpretation of scalar quantifiers: Insight into the semantic-pragmatics interface. Cognitive Psychology, 50, 376–415. doi: 10.1016/j.cogpsych.2008.09.001
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cogpsych.2008.09.001 [Google Scholar]
  26. Levinson, S.
    (2000) Presumptive meaning. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Lieberman, M.
    (2009) L2 Acquisition of scalar implicatures: Interpretation at the syntax/pragmatics interface. Paper presented at the10th Generative Approaches to Second Language Acquisition (GASLA) conference, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Illinois, U.S.A.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Miller, D.
    (2017) Combining behavioral and neurolinguistic methodologies to investigate Spanish scalar indefinites among mono- and bilinguals: An event-related potential study. Doctoral dissertation. University of Reading.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Miller, D. , Giancaspro, D. , Iverson, M. , Rothman, J. and Slabakova, R.
    (2016) Not just algunos, but indeed unos L2ers can acquire scalar implicatures in L2 Spanish. In A. A. de la Fuente , E. Valenzuela & C. Martínez Sanz (Eds.). Language acquisition beyond parameters. Studies in honour of Juana M. Liceras, (pp.125–145). Studies in Bilingualism. Amsterdam: John Benajmins. doi: 10.1075/sibil.51.06mil
    https://doi.org/10.1075/sibil.51.06mil [Google Scholar]
  30. Milsark, G.
    (1977) Toward an explanation of certain peculiarities of the existential construction in English. Linguistic Analysis, 3, 1–29.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Musolino, J. & Lidz, J.
    (2002) Preschool logic: truth and felicity in the acquisition of quantification. In B. Skarabela , S. Fish , & A. H. -J. Do (Eds.), Proceedings of the 26th Boston University Conference on Language Development (pp.406–416). Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Noveck, I.
    (2001) When children are more logical than adults: experimental investigations of scalar implicature. Cognition, 78, 165–188. doi: 10.1016/S0010‑0277(00)00114‑1
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0010-0277(00)00114-1 [Google Scholar]
  33. Noveck, I. A. & Posada, A.
    (2003) Characterizing the time course of an implicature: An evoked potentials study. Brain and Language, 85, 203–210. doi: 10.1016/S0093‑934X(03)00053‑1
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0093-934X(03)00053-1 [Google Scholar]
  34. Papafragou, A. & Musolino, J.
    (2003) Scalar implicatures: experiments at the syntax semantics interface. Cognition, 86, 253–282. doi: 10.1016/S0010‑0277(02)00179‑8
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0010-0277(02)00179-8 [Google Scholar]
  35. Prévost, P. & White, L.
    (2000) Missing surface inflection or impairment? Evidence from tense and agreement. Second Language Research, 16(2), 103–133. doi: 10.1191/026765800677556046
    https://doi.org/10.1191/026765800677556046 [Google Scholar]
  36. Slabakova, R.
    (2010) Scalar implicatures in second language acquisition. Lingua, 120, 2444–2462. doi: 10.1016/j.lingua.2009.06.005
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lingua.2009.06.005 [Google Scholar]
  37. Smith, C. L.
    (1980) Quantifiers and question answering in young children. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 30, 191–205. doi: 10.1016/0022‑0965(80)90057‑0
    https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-0965(80)90057-0 [Google Scholar]
  38. Sperber, D. & Wilson, D.
    (1995) Relevance: Communication and cognition. Oxford: Blackwell.
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Storto, G. & Tanenhaus, M.
    (2005) Are scalar implicatures computed online?In E. Maier , C. Bary , & J. Huitink (Eds.), Proceedings of Sinn und Bedeutung, 9 (pp.431–445). Nijmegen: Nijmegen Centre for Semantics.
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Sudo, M. & Kiritani, S.
    (1997) Comparison of acoustic features in perception of English articles between native speaker of English and Japanese learners. Journal of the Phonetic Society of Japan, 1, 51–57.
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Tavano, E. & Kaiser, E.
    (2009) The cost of being cooperative: Evidence of effort in the processing of scalar implicature. Proceedings from the 45th Annual Meeting of the Chicago Linguistic Society (pp.593–607). Chicago: Chicago Linguistic Society.
    [Google Scholar]
  42. von Fintel, K. & Matthewson, L.
    (2008) Universals in semantics. The Linguistic Review, 25(1–2), 139–201.
    [Google Scholar]
  43. Wilson, D. & Sperber, D.
    (2004) Relevance theory. In L. Horn & G. Ward , (Eds.), Handbook of pragmatics (pp.607–632). Oxford: Blackwell.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/lab.18010.sna
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/lab.18010.sna
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error