Volume 11, Issue 1
  • ISSN 1879-9264
  • E-ISSN: 1879-9272
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes
Preview this article:


This is a commentary article in response to the following content:
The Full Transfer/Full Access model and L3 cognitive states

Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


  1. Alemán Bañón, J. , Miller, D. , & Rothman, J.
    (2017) Morphological variability in second language learners: An examination of electrophysiological and production data. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 43(10), 1509–1536.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Alemán Bañón, J. , Fiorentino, R. , & Gabriele, A.
    (2018) Using event-related potentials to track morphosyntactic development in second language learners: The processing of number and gender agreement in Spanish. PloS one, 13(7), e0200791. doi:  10.1371/journal.pone.0200791
    https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0200791 [Google Scholar]
  3. Bardel, C. , & Falk, Y.
    (2007) The role of the second language in third language acquisition: The case of Germanic syntax. Second Language Research, 23(4), 459–484. 10.1177/0267658307080557
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0267658307080557 [Google Scholar]
  4. Castel, A. D. , Pratt, J. , & Drummond, E.
    (2005) The effects of action video game experience on the time course of inhibition of return and the efficiency of visual search. Acta psychologica, 119(2), 217–230. 10.1016/j.actpsy.2005.02.004
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2005.02.004 [Google Scholar]
  5. Flynn, S. , Foley, C. , & Vinnitskaya, I.
    (2004) The cumulative-enhancement model for language acquisition: Comparing adults’ and children’s patterns of development in first, second and third language acquisition of relative clauses. International Journal of Multilingualism, 1(1), 3–16. 10.1080/14790710408668175
    https://doi.org/10.1080/14790710408668175 [Google Scholar]
  6. Gabriele, A. , Fiorentino, R. , & Bañón, J. A.
    (2013) Examining second language development using event-related potentials: a cross-sectional study on the processing of gender and number agreement. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism, 3(2), 213–232. 10.1075/lab.3.2.04gab
    https://doi.org/10.1075/lab.3.2.04gab [Google Scholar]
  7. González Alonso, J. , & Rothman, J.
    (2017) Coming of age in L3 initial stages transfer models: Deriving developmental predictions and looking towards the future. International Journal of Bilingualism, 21(6), 683–697. 10.1177/1367006916649265
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1367006916649265 [Google Scholar]
  8. (2020) Avoiding the cum hoc ergo propter hoc fallacy: Comments and questions regarding Full Transfer Potential. Second Language Research. doi:  10.1177/0267658320934135
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0267658320934135 [Google Scholar]
  9. González Alonso, J. , Bañón, J. A. , DeLuca, V. , Miller, D. , Soares, S. M. P. , Puig-Mayenco, E. , Slaats, S. , & Rothman, J.
    (2020) Event related potentials at initial exposure in third language acquisition: Implications from an artificial mini-grammar study. Journal of Neurolinguistics, 56, 100939. doi:  10.1016/j.jneuroling.2020.100939
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jneuroling.2020.100939 [Google Scholar]
  10. Green, C. S. , & Bavelier, D.
    (2007) Action-video-game experience alters the spatial resolution of vision. Psychological Science18 (1), 88–94. 10.1111/j.1467‑9280.2007.01853.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9280.2007.01853.x [Google Scholar]
  11. Iverson, M.
    (2009) Competing SLA hypotheses assessed: Comparing heritage and successive Spanish bilinguals of L3 Brazilian Portuguese. In A. Pires , & J. Rothman (Eds.), Minimalist Inquiries into Child and Adult Language Acquisition: Case Studies across Portuguese, 35, 221–243. 10.1515/9783110215359.2.221
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110215359.2.221 [Google Scholar]
  12. (2010) Informing the age of acquisition debate: L3 as a litmus test. International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching, 48(2–3), 221–243.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Polich, J.
    (2012) Neuropsychology of P300. In E. Kappenman & S. Luck (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Event-Related Potential Components. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. doi:  10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195374148.013.0089
    https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195374148.013.0089 [Google Scholar]
  14. Puig-Mayenco, E. , Rothman, J. , & Tubau, S.
    (2020) Language dominance in the previously acquired languages modulates rate of third language (L3) development over time: a longitudinal study. International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, 1–24. doi:  10.1080/13670050.2020.1792408
    https://doi.org/10.1080/13670050.2020.1792408 [Google Scholar]
  15. Roberts, L. , Gonzalez Alonso, J. , Pliatsikas, C. , & Rothman, J.
    (2018) Evidence from neurolinguistic methodologies: Can it actually inform linguistic/language acquisition theories and translate to evidence-based applications?Second Language Research, 34(1), 125–143. 10.1177/0267658316644010
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0267658316644010 [Google Scholar]
  16. Rothman, J.
    (2015) Linguistic and cognitive motivations for the Typological Primacy Model (TPM) of third language (L3) transfer: Timing of acquisition and proficiency considered. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 18(2), 179–190. doi:  10.1017/S136672891300059X
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S136672891300059X [Google Scholar]
  17. Rothman, J. , Alemán Bañón, J. , & González Alonso, J.
    (2015) Neurolinguistic measures of typological effects in multilingual transfer: Introducing an ERP methodology. Frontiers in psychology, 6, 1087. 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01087
    https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01087 [Google Scholar]
  18. Rothman, J. , & Cabrelli Amaro, J.
    (2010) What variables condition syntactic transfer? A look at the L3 initial state. Second Language Research, 26(2), 189–218. 10.1177/0267658309349410
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0267658309349410 [Google Scholar]
  19. Rothman, J. , González Alonso, J. , & Puig-Mayenco, E.
    (2019) Third language acquisition and linguistic transfer. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/9781316014660
    https://doi.org/10.1017/9781316014660 [Google Scholar]
  20. Rothman, J. , & Slabakova, R.
    (2018) The generative approach to SLA and its place in modern second language studies. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 40(2), 417–442. 10.1017/S0272263117000134
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0272263117000134 [Google Scholar]
  21. Schwartz, B. D. , & Sprouse, R.
    (1994) Word order and nominative case in nonnative language acquisition: a longitudinal study of (L1 Turkish) German interlanguage. Language acquisition studies in generative grammar, 31(4), 71–89.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Schwartz, B. D. , & Sprouse, R. A.
    (1996) L2 cognitive states and the full transfer/full access model. Second language research, 12(1), 40–72. 10.1177/026765839601200103
    https://doi.org/10.1177/026765839601200103 [Google Scholar]
  23. Schwartz, B. D. , & Sprouse, R.
    (2021) The Full Transfer/Full Access model and L3 cognitive states. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism. 10.1075/lab.20055.sch
    https://doi.org/10.1075/lab.20055.sch [Google Scholar]
  24. Westergaard, M. , Mitrofanova, N. , Mykhaylyk, R. , & Rodina, Y.
    (2017) Crosslinguistic influence in the acquisition of a third language: The Linguistic Proximity Model. International Journal of Bilingualism, 21(6), 666–682. 10.1177/1367006916648859
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1367006916648859 [Google Scholar]
  • Article Type: Article Commentary
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error