Volume 19, Issue 2
  • ISSN 1606-822X
  • E-ISSN: 2309-5067



This paper aims to investigate both Fagerli’s (2001) proposal that in serializing languages benefactive and malefactive constructions often involve the morpheme denoting ‘give’, and Radetzky & Smith’s (2010) proposal that East and South Asian languages often involve different morphemes or structures in expressing benefaction or malefaction. Checking the proposals against benefactive and malefactive constructions in Taiwan Southern Min (TSM) which involve optional benefactee and malefactee, this paper shows that both proposals find only partial support from TSM data. TSM uses the morpheme denoting ‘give’, i.e. , in the malefactive construction involving optional malefactee, but not the benefactive construction involving optional benefactee, which involves the use of . Moreover, can also be used for introducing the malefactive. Even though the malefactive construction and the benefactive construction have different structures, the constructions involving , no matter whether denoting benefaction or malefaction, have the same syntactic structure.

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