1887
Volume 19, Issue 3
  • ISSN 1606-822X
  • E-ISSN: 2309-5067
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Abstract

本文通過三種語法現象來觀察晉語對元白話語法的繼承和發展。1.「來」表商請語氣:古代漢語、近代漢語中「來」表商請語氣的主要句式為「VP+去+來」,部分晉語繼承了元白話的用法,並發展了「咱每+VP+來」格式。2.「V/A+得來+補語」結構與提頓詞「來」:元白話用「V/A+得來+補語」結構表達動作的結果和性狀達到極高的程度,晉語不僅保留了這種格式,還同吳語一樣發展出了「V/A+得來」的隱含式。晉語之所以能夠發展出「V/A+得來+補語」結構,其更大的背景是「來」大量充當提頓詞的用法。3.「V將來/去」結構:晉語的特點是趨向動詞只有「來、去」,甚或只有「來」,沒有「V+將+複合趨向補語」,保留了元代乃至五代時期的特點。4. 其他語法特點:用表格形式臚列了 9 條晉語與元白話可能存在繼承關係的語法現象,同 《原本老乞大》 進行簡單對比。

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2018-06-04
2019-10-18
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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): development , grammar , inheritance , Jin dialects , Yuan vernacular , 元白話 , 晉語 , 發展 , 繼承 and 語法
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