1887
Volume 20, Issue 3
  • ISSN 1606-822X
  • E-ISSN: 2309-5067
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Abstract

抽象

本文首先分析今北部吳語從邪澄牀(崇船)禪等聲母讀音,指出這些聲母讀擦音是吳語固有讀音層(白讀),讀塞擦音是以後杭州半官話覆蓋層(文讀);然後再分析這些聲母在南部吳語裡的情形,發現與北部吳語大致相同,只是白讀讀擦音的不包括澄母。作者認為從邪崇船禪讀擦音是直接繼承了《顏氏家訓—音辭篇》裡所說的江東方言從邪不分、牀(崇船)禪不分的特點,據此本文提出鑒別南朝江東方言的一個語音特徵:從邪崇船禪母都讀擦音。以此鑒別特徵為依據,本文再考察了北部吳語、南部吳語、江淮官話、徽語、閩語等方言相關聲母的讀音,指出吳語(不包括杭州話)、徽語嚴州片是古江東方言的範圍。不過這些地區的方言歷經一千多年的語言接觸和自身演變,也覆蓋著來自中原權威官話和地區權威話的塞擦音文讀層次。塞擦音文讀層與擦音白讀層互相競爭,此消彼長,使得這些方言裡讀塞擦音還是擦音「一處一個樣,一筆糊塗賬」。

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2019-06-14
2019-10-19
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