1887
Volume 20, Issue 3
  • ISSN 1606-822X
  • E-ISSN: 2309-5067
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Abstract

抽象

霍爾語是四川境內較少人知的語群,屬於漢藏語系羌語支嘉戎語組。本文首度詳細介紹中部霍爾語格西話動詞的時-體範疇。保守的嘉戎語組語言,動詞均採「三分式」時-體系統,一般以方向前綴區別完整體與非完整體,以不同的詞幹標記過去與非過去時。相較於這種保守的形態格局,格西話動詞的時-體系統有數項重要的創新:(一)動詞詞幹交替大幅簡化,標註時間的功能基本喪失;(二)方向前綴從體標記轉成「相對過去時」標記,可通用的相對過去前綴開始逐步取代其他前綴,且有聚焦於動作結果的延伸功能;(三)以贅語式造出一般非完整體及「持續體」構造。這些重要的創新既源自內部衍變的機制,也明顯受到本地主流藏語的接觸影響。

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2019-06-14
2019-10-15
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