1887
Volume 20, Issue 3
  • ISSN 1606-822X
  • E-ISSN: 2309-5067
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Abstract

抽象

本文探討上古漢語至近代漢語中「數+量+之/的+名」形式、功能兩個層面的發展演變。形式方面,由先秦時期的「數+量+之+名」發展爲宋元以後的「數+量+的+名」,以及元代出現的「數1+量1+數2+量2+的+名」;功能方面,「數+量+之/的+名」由初始的純描寫型結構發展出計量功能。我們認爲,不同類型的數詞和量詞對「數+量+的+名」這一結構的語義變化有重要影響。具體來說,當「數+量+之/的+名」這一結構的數詞爲高位數詞、約數詞時,它一般表描寫功能;低位確數詞進入該結構促使計量功能的產生。個體量詞在該結構的大量使用進一步加速了該結構從描寫到計量的轉化。

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2019-06-14
2019-08-23
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