1887
Volume 20, Issue 3
  • ISSN 1606-822X
  • E-ISSN: 2309-5067
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Abstract

抽象

本文探討甘青方言格標記「哈」的來源。首先梳理學界的兩種主要觀點,即頓詞說和方位詞說,進而提出本文的假設:「哈」本字是漢語的「下」,在和藏語的接觸中,首先用如與格標記並標記部分「賓語」,進而擴展到整個賓語,成為賓格標記,從而形成共時層面不見於藏語和阿爾泰語的與格-賓格同形的狀態。在共時的甘青方言的格系統中,「哈」是早期和藏語接觸的產物,離格標記、部分方言的工具格標記和反身領屬標記等是後期和阿爾泰語接觸的產物。

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2019-06-14
2019-10-21
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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): case marker , Gan-Qing dialects , language contact , origin , 來源 , 格標記 , 甘青方言 and 語言接觸
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