1887
Volume 21, Issue 2
  • ISSN 1606-822X
  • E-ISSN: 2309-5067
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Abstract

This paper investigates the licensing condition of the [Num(eral)-Cl(assifier)-Mod(ifier)--N(oun)] / [Mod--Num-Cl‑N] variation in Mandarin Chinese. It is observed that this variation represents a complex interface phenomenon in the nominal domain, which is subject to the semantic condition concerning the i(ndividual)-level/​s(tage)-level nature of the modifier contained on the one hand, and the discourse-related condition concerning () on the other. Based on this, at the syntax-semantics interface level, this paper proposes a division of the syntactic domain of adnominal modification to account for the discrepancy between i‑level and s‑level modifiers in terms of their capability in forming [Mod--Num-Cl‑N] in the neutral context. In the meanwhile, at the syntax-discourse interface level, in light of the interface-induced analysis pursued by Neeleman & Van de Koot (2008) and Horvath (2010), it is claimed that the word order of [Mod--Num-Cl‑N] could be adopted as a linguistic device to encode within the nominal domain in Mandarin Chinese, in which case the ordering of [Mod--Num-Cl‑N] is licensed for the purpose of establishing a transparent mapping between syntactic configuration and information structure.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/lali.00061.jin
2020-04-02
2020-09-30
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Barwise, Jon & Cooper, Robin
    1981 Generalized quantifiers and natural language. Linguistics and Philosophy4(2). 159–219. 10.1007/BF00350139
    https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00350139 [Google Scholar]
  2. Büring, Daniel
    2003 On D-trees, beans, and B-accents. Linguistics and Philosophy26(5). 511–545. 10.1023/A:1025887707652
    https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1025887707652 [Google Scholar]
  3. Chao, Yuen Ren
    1968A grammar of spoken Chinese. Berkeley: University of California Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Cheng, Lisa Lai-Shen & Sybesma, Rint
    1999 Bare and not-so-bare nouns and the structure of NP. Linguistic Inquiry30(4). 509–542. 10.1162/002438999554192
    https://doi.org/10.1162/002438999554192 [Google Scholar]
  5. Chierchia, Gennaro
    1995 Individual‑level predicates as inherent generics. InCarlson, Gregory N. & Pelletier, Jeffry Francis (eds.), The generic book, 176–223. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. 2001 A puzzle about indefinites. InCecchetto, Carlo & Chierchia, Gennaro & Guasti, Maria Teresa (eds.), Semantic interfaces: Reference, anaphora and aspect, 51–89. Stanford: CSLI.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Cinque, Guglielmo
    1999Adverbs and functional heads: A cross-linguistic perspective. New York: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. 2010The syntax of adjectives: A comparative study. Cambridge: The MIT Press. 10.7551/mitpress/9780262014168.001.0001
    https://doi.org/10.7551/mitpress/9780262014168.001.0001 [Google Scholar]
  9. Comrie, Bernard
    1978 Definite direct objects and referent identification. Pragmatics Microfiche3(1). 1–19.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Del Gobbo, Francesca
    2005 Chinese relative clauses: Restrictive, descriptive or appositive?InBrugè, Laura & Giusti, Giuliana & Munaro, Nicola & Schweikert, Walter & Turano, Giuseppina (eds.), Contributions to the XXX incontro di grammatica generativa, 287–305. Venezia: Cafoscarina.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Diesing, Molly
    1992Indefinites (Linguistic Inquiry Monographs 20). Cambridge: The MIT Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Dryer, Matthew S.
    1995 Frequency and pragmatically unmarked word order. InDowning, Pamela A. & Noonan, Michael (eds.), Word order in discourse (Typological Studies in Language 30), 105–136. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/tsl.30.06dry
    https://doi.org/10.1075/tsl.30.06dry [Google Scholar]
  13. Enç, Mürvet
    1991 The semantics of specificity. Linguistic Inquiry22(1). 1–25.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Gundel, Jeanette K. & Fretheim, Thorstein
    2004 Topic and focus. InHorn, Laurence R. & Ward, Gergory (eds.), The handbook of pragmatics, 175–196. Oxford: Blackwell.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Hawkins, John A.
    1978Definiteness and indefiniteness: A study in reference and grammaticality prediction. New York: Humanities Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Hertel, Tammy Jandrey
    2003 Lexical and discourse factors in the second language acquisition of Spanish word order. Second Language Research19(4). 273–304. 10.1191/0267658303sr224oa
    https://doi.org/10.1191/0267658303sr224oa [Google Scholar]
  17. Horvath, Julia
    2010 “Discourse features”, syntactic displacement and the status of contrast. Lingua120(6). 1346–1369. 10.1016/j.lingua.2008.07.011
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lingua.2008.07.011 [Google Scholar]
  18. Hsieh, Miao-Ling
    2005 Two types of modifiers and parallelisms between DPs and TPs in Chinese. Language and Linguistics6(3). 397–429.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. 2008The internal structure of noun phrases in Chinese. Taipei: Crane.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Huang, C.-T. James
    1982Logical relations in Chinese and the theory of grammar. Cambridge: MIT. (Doctoral dissertation.)
    [Google Scholar]
  21. 1987 Existential sentences in Chinese and (in)definiteness. InReuland, Eric J. & ter Meulen, Alice G. B. (eds.), The representation of (in)definiteness, 226–253. Cambridge: The MIT Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Jackendoff, Ray
    1972Semantic interpretation in generative grammar. Cambridge: The MIT Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Kim, Min-Joo
    2014a On the position of adnominal adjectival expressions in Korean. InHuang, C.-T. James & Liu, Feng-Hsi (eds.), Peaches and plums: Essays on language and linguistics in honor of Rudolph C. Troike (Language and Linguistics Monograph Series 54), 75–99. Taipei: Institute of Linguistics, Academia Sinica.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. 2014b Adjective ordering: A view from Korean. InSantana-LaBarge, Robert E. (ed.), Proceedings of the 31st West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics, 285–294. Somerville: Cascadilla Proceedings Project.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Krifka, Manfred
    1998 Scope inversion under the rise-fall contour in German. Linguistic Inquiry29(1). 75–112. 10.1162/002438998553662
    https://doi.org/10.1162/002438998553662 [Google Scholar]
  26. Laenzlinger, Christopher
    2005 French adjective ordering: Perspectives on DP-internal movement types. Lingua115(5). 645–689. 10.1016/j.lingua.2003.11.003
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lingua.2003.11.003 [Google Scholar]
  27. Larson, Richard K.
    2000 Temporal modification in nominals. (Paper presented at theInternational Roundtable on The Syntax of Tense and Aspect, Paris, 15–18 November 2000.) Paris: University of Paris VII.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Larson, Richard & Takahashi, Naoko
    2007 Order & interpretation in prenominal relative clauses. InKelepir, Meltem & Öztürk, Belkız (ed.), Proceedings of the WAFL 2: Workshop on Altaic Formal Linguistics, 101–119. Cambridge: MIT Working Papers in Linguistics.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Lee, Chungmin
    1999 Contrastive topic: A locus of the interface-evidence from Korean and English. InTurner, Ken (ed.), The semantics/​pragmatics interface from different points of view, 317–342. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. 2003 Contrastive topic and/​or contrastive focus. InMcClure, William (ed.), Japanese/​Korean linguistics, vol.12, 352–364. Stanford: CSLI.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. 2006 Contrastive topic/​focus and polarity in discourse. Invon Heusinger, Klaus & Turner, Ken (eds.), Where semantics meets pragmatics, 381–420. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Li, Yen-hui Audrey
    1998 Argument determiner phrases and number phrases. Linguistic Inquiry29(4). 693–702. 10.1162/ling.1998.29.4.693
    https://doi.org/10.1162/ling.1998.29.4.693 [Google Scholar]
  33. Liao, Wei-wen Roger & Wang, Yuyun Iris
    2011 Multiple-classifier constructions and nominal expressions in Chinese. Journal of East Asian Linguistics20(2). 145–168. 10.1007/s10831‑011‑9072‑5
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10831-011-9072-5 [Google Scholar]
  34. Lin, Jo-wang
    2008 The order of stage‑level and individual‑level relatives and superiority effects. Language and Linguistics9(4). 839–864.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Lozano, Cristóbal
    2006 Focus and split-intransitivity: The acquisition of word order alternations in non-native Spanish. Second Language Research22(2). 145–187. 10.1191/0267658306sr264oa
    https://doi.org/10.1191/0267658306sr264oa [Google Scholar]
  36. Lu, Bingfu
    1998Left-right asymmetries of word order variation: A functional explanation. Los Angeles: University of Southern California. (Doctoral dissertation.)
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Lyons, Christopher
    1999Definiteness. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511605789
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511605789 [Google Scholar]
  38. Matthewson, Lisa
    1998 On the interpretation of wide-scope indefinites. Natural Language Semantics7(1). 79–134. 10.1023/A:1008376601708
    https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1008376601708 [Google Scholar]
  39. McEnery, Anthony & Xiao, Zhonghua & Mo, Lili
    2003 Aspect marking in English and Chinese: Using the Lancaster Corpus of Mandarin Chinese for contrastive language study. Literary and Linguistic Computing18(4). 361–378. 10.1093/llc/18.4.361
    https://doi.org/10.1093/llc/18.4.361 [Google Scholar]
  40. Ming, Tao & Chen, Liang
    2010 A discourse-pragmatic study of the word order variation in Chinese relative clauses. Journal of Pragmatics42(1). 168–189. 10.1016/j.pragma.2009.05.023
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2009.05.023 [Google Scholar]
  41. Molnár, Valéria
    1998 Topic in focus: On the syntax, phonology, semantics and pragmatics of the so-called “contrastive topic” in Hungarian and German. Acta Linguistica Hungarica45(1–2). 89–166. 10.1023/A:1009609008756
    https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1009609008756 [Google Scholar]
  42. Neeleman, Ad & Van de Koot, Hans
    2008 Dutch scrambling and the nature of discourse templates. The Journal of Comparative Germanic Linguistics11(2). 137–189. 10.1007/s10828‑008‑9018‑0
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10828-008-9018-0 [Google Scholar]
  43. Paul, Waltraud
    2007The insubordinate subordinator de in Mandarin Chinese. Paris: CRLAO, EHESS, CNRS. (http:/​/ling.auf.net/​lingbuzz/​001010/​current.pdf) (Accessed2018-02-21).
  44. 2010 Adjectives in Mandarin Chinese: The rehabilitation of a much ostracized category. InCabredo Hofherr, Patricia & Matushansky, Ora (eds.), Adjectives: Formal analysis in syntax and semantics, 115–152. Amsterdam: Benjamins. 10.1075/la.153.04pau
    https://doi.org/10.1075/la.153.04pau [Google Scholar]
  45. Pesetsky, David
    1987 Wh-in-situ: Movement and unselective binding. InReuland, Eric J. & Ter Meulen, Alice G. B. (eds.), The representation of (in)definiteness, 98–129. Cambridge: The MIT Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  46. Portner, Paul & Yabushita, Katsuhiko
    2001 Specific indefinites and the information structure theory of topics. Journal of Semantics18(3). 271–297. 10.1093/jos/18.3.271
    https://doi.org/10.1093/jos/18.3.271 [Google Scholar]
  47. Reinhart, Tanya
    1997 Quantifier scope: How labor is divided between QR and choice functions. Linguistics and Philosophy20(4). 335–397. 10.1023/A:1005349801431
    https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1005349801431 [Google Scholar]
  48. Rizzi, Luigi
    1997 The fine structure of the left periphery. InHaegeman, Liliane (ed.), Elements of grammar, 281–337. Dordrecht: Springer. 10.1007/978‑94‑011‑5420‑8_7
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-5420-8_7 [Google Scholar]
  49. Shi, Dingxu
    2008 “De” he “de” zi jieguu [De and de construction]. Dangdai Yuyanxue [Contemporary Linguistics] 4. 298–307.
  50. Si, Fuzhen
    2004 Zhongxinyu lilun he Hanyu de DeP [Head theory and DeP in Chinese]. Dangdai Yuyanxue [Contemporary Linguistics] 1. 26–34.
  51. Simpson, Andrew
    2002 On the status of ‘modifying’ DE and the structure of the Chinese DP. InTang, Sze-Wing & Liu, Chen-Sheng Luther (eds.), On the formal way to Chinese linguistics, 74–101. Stanford: CSLI.
    [Google Scholar]
  52. Sio, Ut-seong Joanna
    2006Modification and reference in the Chinese nominal. Leiden: Leiden University. (Doctoral dissertation.)
    [Google Scholar]
  53. Sperber, Dan & Wilson, Deirdre
    1995Relevance: Communication and cognition. 2nd edn.Oxford: Blackwell.
    [Google Scholar]
  54. Svenonius, Peter
    2008 The position of adjectives and other phrasal modifiers in the decomposition of DP. InKennedy, Christopher & McNally, Louise (eds.), Adjectives and adverbs: Syntax, semantics, and discourse, 16–42. New York: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  55. Tang, Chih-Chen Jane
    2007 Modifier licensing and Chinese DP: A feature analysis. Language and Linguistics8(4). 967–1024.
    [Google Scholar]
  56. Tomioka, Satoshi
    2010 Contrastive topics operate on speech acts. InZimmermann, Malte & Féry, Caroline (eds.), Information structure: Theoretical, typological, and experimental perspectives, 115–138. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  57. Tsai, Wei-Tien Dylan
    1994On economizing the theory of A-bar dependencies. Cambridge: MIT. (Doctoral dissertation.)
    [Google Scholar]
  58. Zamparelli, Roberto
    2000Layers in the determiner phrase (Outstanding dissertations in linguistics). New York: Garland Publishing Inc.
    [Google Scholar]
  59. Zhang, Ning Niina
    2006 Representing specificity by the internal order of indefinites. Linguistics44(1). 1–21. 10.1515/LING.2006.001
    https://doi.org/10.1515/LING.2006.001 [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/lali.00061.jin
Loading
  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): modifier , nominal phrase , syntax-discourse interface , syntax-semantics interface and word order
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error