1887
Volume 21, Issue 3
  • ISSN 1606-822X
  • E-ISSN: 2309-5067
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

抽象

本文從次方言比較角度,對比台南、新竹、廈門、鹿港、金門等五地,尋找閩南語單元音歸併演變路徑及其相關變化的可能觸發因素。台南與厦門(鼓浪嶼一帶)的發音相似,傳統閩南語的o、ɔ分立,都轉爲ə、o分立,顯示語言異地同變之追求系統均衡的普遍趨勢。若系統存在固有央元音ə、ɨ音位,傾向阻擋o前移,以免降低固有ə與o區別度,在泉州腔的金門與同安均可見此現象。鹿港老一輩可見到僅以舌位高低區別o、ɔ,但中青年層也普遍出現o元音前移趨勢;說明固有央元音ə阻擋o央化不是必然,次方言接觸強度會進一步誘發差異演變。語言優勢效應也影響了閩南語元音變化,當優勢華語進入生活各領域,促使閩南語中青年層元音系統朝向等同於華語的三個舌位高度發展;目前廈門、金門與台灣各地青年層閩南語元音都是三個舌位高度。總結而言,元音系統內部平衡機制、優勢語言影響、與次方言接觸強度等動力,綜合影響了當今閩南語元音系統歸併變化。

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/lali.00066.liu
2020-06-16
2020-12-01
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Ang, Ui-Jin (洪惟仁)
    2003 Yinbian de dongji yu fangxiang: Zhang Quan jingzheng yu Taiwan putongqiang de xingcheng音變的動機與方向:漳泉競爭與台灣普通腔的形成 [The motivation and direction of sound change: On the competition of Minnan dialects Chang-chou and Chüan-chou and the emergence of general Taiwanese]. Hsinchu: National Ting Hua University. (Doctoral dissertation.)
    [Google Scholar]
  2. 2011 Zhangzhou Zhao-an xian de yuyan fenpu漳州詔安縣的語言分佈 [The linguistic distribution of Zhaoan in Zhangzhou Fujian]. Taiwan Yuwen Yanjiu台灣語文研究 [Journal of Taiwanese Languages and Literature] 6(1). 23–36.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Chang, Mei-Ling (張美玲)
    2017 Hsinchu Nanliao Xiezipu yuyin yanbian新竹南寮蟹仔埔語音演變 [Sound change in Hue-a-poo Nanliau Hsinchu]. Hsinchu: National Tsing Hua University. (Master’s thesis.)
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Chen, Shu-chuan (陳淑娟)
    2009 Taiwan Minnanyu yuanyin xitong ji yin-/yang-ru shengdiao de bianyi yu bianhua: Taiwan Minnanyu de zibiao diaocha fenxi台灣閩南語元音系統及陰、陽入聲調的變異與變化—台灣閩南語的字表調查分析 [The vowel system change and the yin-/yang-entering tonal variations in Twiwanese Hokkien]. Taiwan Yuwen Yanjiu台灣語文研究 [Journal of Taiwanese Languages and Literature] 4(3). 157–178.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. 2010 Taiwan Minnanyu xinxing de yuyin bianyi台灣閩南語新興的語音變異—台北市、彰化市及台南市元音系統與陽入原調的調查分析 [New sound variation in Taiwan Southern Min: Vowel systems and the lower register entering tone in Taipei, Changhua, and Tainan]. Language and Linguistics11(2). 425–468.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. 2013 Taipei Shezi fangyan de yuyin bianyi yu bianhua台北社子方言的語音變異與變化 [The sound variation and change of Shezi dialect in Taipei City]. Language and Linguistics14(2). 371–408.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Clements, G. N.
    2003 Feature economy in sound systems. Phonology20(3). 287–333. 10.1017/S095267570400003X
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S095267570400003X [Google Scholar]
  8. Douglas, Carstairs
    1990Chinese-English dictionary of the vernacular or spoken language of Amoy with Supplement. Taipei: SMC Publishing. (First published byLondon Trübner & Co. 1873 Supplemented by Rev.Thomas Barclay 1923).
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Flemming, Edward S.
    1995Auditory representations in phonology. Los Angeles: UCLA. (Doctoral dissertation.)
    [Google Scholar]
  10. 2004 Contrast and perceptual distinctiveness. InHayes, Bruce & Kischner, Robert & Steriade, Donca (eds.), Phonetically based phonology, 232–276. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511486401.008
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511486401.008 [Google Scholar]
  11. Fujian Sheng Zhao’an Xian difangzhi bianzhuan weiyuanhui (福建省詔安縣地方志編纂委員會) (ed.) 1999 Fangyan方言 [Dialect]. InFujian Sheng Zhao’an Xian difangzhi bianzhuan weiyuanhui (ed.), Zhao’an xianzhi詔安縣志 [Gazetteer of Zhao’an County], 1061–1095. Beijing: China Local Records Publishing.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Ji, Yamu (紀亞木)
    2008 Minnanyu shiyong jiaocheng閩南語實用教程 [Lectures of practical Southern Min]. Xiamen: Lujiang Publishing House.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Liu, Hsiu-Hsueh (劉秀雪)
    2014 Hua Min shuangyuren yuanyin fenbu華閩雙語人元音分布 [Vowel distribution of Mandarin and Southern Min bilinguals]. (Paper presented at the10th International Symposium on Taiwanese Languages and Teaching, Tainan, 25–26 October 2010.)
    [Google Scholar]
  14. 2015 Kinmen Hua Min shuangyuren yuanyin hudong bianhua金門華閩雙語人元音互動變化 [Vowel interaction and change of Kinmen Mandarin and Southern Min bilinguals]. (Paper presented at the65th annual conference of the Chinese Linguistic Society of Japan, Tokyo, 31 October–1 November 2015.)
    [Google Scholar]
  15. 2016 Minnanyu yuanyi xitong: Xiamen yu Tainan de duibi閩南語元音系統:廈門與台南的對比 [Vowel systems of Southern Mins: a comparison between Xiamen and Taiwan]. (Paper presented at the11th International Symposium on Taiwanese Languages and Teaching, Taipei, 12–13 July 2016.)
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Ma, Chongqi (馬重奇)
    1993 Zhangzhou fangyan tongyin zihui漳州方言同音字匯 [Homophonic vocabulary in Zhangzhou dialect]. Fangyan方言 [Dialect] 1993(3). 199–217.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Thomason, Sarah G.
    2001Language contact. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Tong, Chongtzi (董忠司)
    1991 Taipei City, Tainan City, Lugang, Yilan deng si ge fangyan yinxi de zhengli yu bijiao臺北市、臺南市、鹿港、宜蘭等四個方言音系的整理與比較 [A comparison among sound systems of Taipei City, Tainan City, Lugang, and Yilan dialects]. Hsinchu Shiyuan Xuebao新竹師院學報 [Journal of National Hsin Chu Teachers College] 5. 31–64.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. (ed.) 2001 Formosan de laoyin: Taiwan Minnan yu gaiyao福爾摩沙的烙印:台灣閩南語概要 [Formosan imprint: Introduction of Taiwan Southern Min]. Taipei: Council for Cultural Affairs, Executive Yuan.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Tsai, Regina Yu (蔡瑜)
    2001 Kinmen Jincheng Minnanyu yangyuanyin zhi shehui bianyi yanjiu金門金城閩南語央元音(ɨ)與(ə)之社會變異研究 [A Sociolinguistic variation study of Southern Min central vowel ɨ and ə in Jincheng of Kinmen]. Taichung: Providence University. (Master’s thesis).
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Van Coetsem, Frans
    1988Loan phonology and the two transfer types in language contact. Dordrecht: Foris. 10.1515/9783110884869
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110884869 [Google Scholar]
  22. 2000A general and unified theory of the transmission process in language contact. Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Winford, Donald
    2003An introduction to contact linguistics. Malden: Blackwell publisher.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Xiamenshi difangzhi bianweihui (廈門市地方志編委會) 1996 Xiamen fangyanzhi廈門方言志 [Dialect of Amoy]. Beijing: Beijing Language Institute Publisher.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Zeng, Nanyi (曾南逸)
    2013 Quan Xia fangyan yinyun bijiao yanjiu泉廈方言音韻比較研究 [A comparative study of phonology of dialects in the ancient prefecture of Quanzhoun]. Beijing: Beijing University. (Doctoral dissertation.)
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Zhang, Zhengxing (張振興)
    1989 Taiwan Minnan fangyan jilue台灣閩南方言記略 [Script of Taiwan Southern Min]. Taipei: The Liberal Arts Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Zhou, Changqi (周長楫)
    2006 Minnan fangyan da cidian閩南方言大辭典 [Dictionary of Minnan dialect]. Fuzhou: Fujian People’s Publishing House.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/lali.00066.liu
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/lali.00066.liu
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error