Volume 21, Issue 3
  • ISSN 1606-822X
  • E-ISSN: 2309-5067



特指問句中疑問詞的移位和原位現象複雜多樣,幾十年來一直是句法領域的熱門議題。本文在評介以往及最新相關研究的基礎上,並且在製圖理論思想啟發下,尤其針對漢語提出非移位製圖範本框架(NMCT),把常規句法移位看做一個成分在範本上兩個或多個可能出現的功能投射位置之一進行顯性實現,從而對問句中疑問詞移位及原位現象,高、低位疑問副詞差異,A’移位以及優勢效應等句法現象都給出了一個較為統一且簡潔的闡釋。同時,由於否定了高位疑問副詞移位說,我們就可以避免Stepanov & Tsai (2008)關於疑問副詞「低位為變數高位為運算元」的二分說,認為高位WH副詞也可以看做變數,這樣也進一步貫徹和深化了Stepanov & Tsai (2008)推崇的一個理念,即擴充無擇約束的解釋範圍。

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