1887
Volume 21, Issue 4
  • ISSN 1606-822X
  • E-ISSN: 2309-5067
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Abstract

Dongxiang is a language mainly spoken in the Autonomous District of southwest Gansu Province, People’s Republic of China. The Dongxiang nationality (東鄉族), as they are officially called, represents about 300,000 speakers. The Dongxiang language is one of the peripheral Mongolic languages spoken in the Gansu-Qinghai area, also known as the Shirongol group. These languages have been isolated from the other Mongolic languages and have been influenced by the surrounding Chinese dialects to a greater or lesser degree. They have common typological forms inherited from Middle Mongolian as well as features which have been induced by language contact. In this paper, I shall discuss the reflexive possessive markers in the Dongxiang language with a special focus on the suffix . I shall show that the functions and use of Dongxiang reflexive possessive markers and are similar to those of the common Mongolic markers * and *. The reflexive possessive marker seems to be found in Dongxiang only and its origin remains unclear. In sources available from the 1980s to the 2000s, it is found associated with a restrictive number of pronouns, nouns, and idiomatic expressions and is highly grammaticalized. However, in more recent sources, it is found associated with a greater number of nouns and seems to have more semantic implications. Moreover, it is also found in a role which could be associated with that of a pronoun, and which can receive a plural and reflexive morphology. can be used completely independently and is probably a calque of the Chinese dialect of Linxia 個家. This shows that it is most probably an innovation developed from the original suffix.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/lali.00071.lef
2020-09-18
2020-10-27
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Bao, Saren
    2006 Menggu yuzu Dongxiang yu yu Hanyu de jiechu yanjiu [Study on contact between the Mongolic language Santa and Chinese]. Beijing: Peking University. (Doctoral dissertation.)
  2. Buhe
    Buhe 1986 Dongxiang yu he Menggu yu [The Dongxiang language and Mongolian language] (Mongolian Language Family Dialects Research Series 7). Hohhot: Inner Mongolia People’s Publishing House.
  3. Buhe
    Buhe 1987 Dongxiang yu huayu cailiao [Linguistic material of the Dongxiang language] (Mongolian Language Family Dialects Research Series 9). Hohhot: Inner Mongolia People’s Publishing House.
  4. Chen, Yuanlong
    2002 Dongxiang zu zizhixian Naleisi xiaoxue shuangyu jiaoxue shiyan ban shiyong jiaocai [Textbook for bilingual teaching experimental class of Narisi Primary School in the Dongxiang Autonomous County]. (Manuscript.)
  5. Delige’erma & Bo, Sude
    Delige’erma & Bo, Sude 2006 Menggu yuzu yu yan gailun [Introduction to the Mongolic languages]. Beijing: China Minzu University Press.
  6. Dwyer, Arienne M.
    1992 Altaic elements in the Linxia dialect: Contact-induced change on the Yellow River plateau. Journal of Chinese Linguistics20(1). 160–179.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. É’erdengtei & Wuyundalai & Asalatu
    É’erdengtei & Wuyundalai & Asalatu 1980 Menggu mishi cihui xuan shi [Selected vocabulary of The secret history of the Mongols]. Hohhot: Inner Mongolia People’s Publishing House.
  8. Field, Kenneth L.
    1997A grammatical overview of Santa Mongolian. Santa Barbara: University of California at Santa Barbara. (Doctoral dissertation.)
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Georg, Stefan
    2003 Mongghul. InJanhunen, Juha (ed.), The Mongolic languages (Routledge Language Family Series 5), 286–306. London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Hashengerile
    Hashengerile 2014 Dongxiang yu 366 ju huihua ju: Shaoshumingzuyu Han Ying Ri E duizhao [366 sentences for conversation in Dongxiang: Minority language translated in Chinese, English, Japanese and Russian]. Beijing: Social Sciences Academic Press.
  11. Janhunen, Juha
    2003 Proto-Mongolic. InJanhunen, Juha (ed.), The Mongolic languages (Routledge Language Family Series 5), 1–29. London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. 2007 Typological interaction in the Qinghai linguistic complex. Studia Orientalia101. 85–102.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Kim, Stephen S.
    2003 Santa. InJanhunen, Juha (ed.), The Mongolic languages (Routledge Language Family Series 5), 346–363. London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Lanzhoudaxue Zhongwenxi Linxia Diaocha Yanjiu Zu [The Linxia dialect research group of the School of Chinese Languages and Literatures, Lanzhou University] 1996 Linxia fangyan [The dialect of Linxia]. Lanzhou: Lanzhou University Press.
  15. Lefort, Julie
    2012aContacts de langues dans le Nord-Ouest de la Chine: Le cas du Dongxiang [Contact language in North-West Gansu: The case of Dongxiang]. Paris: École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales. (Doctoral dissertation.)
    [Google Scholar]
  16. 2012b New linguistic practices in Dongxiang: Moving toward the categorization of a youth language?Langage et société141. 71–98. 10.3917/ls.141.0071
    https://doi.org/10.3917/ls.141.0071 [Google Scholar]
  17. 2015a Contact language in North-West Gansu: Chinese directional verbs structure calques in the Dongxiang language. InCao, Guangshun & Djamouri, Redouane & Peyraube, Alain (eds.), Beifang Hanyu zhong de yuyan jiechu: Lishi yu gongshi yanjiu [Languages in contact in North China: Historical and synchronic studies] (Collection des Cahiers de Linguistique-Asie Orientale 13), 385–408. Paris: EHESS, Centre de recherches linguistiques sur l’Asie orientale.
  18. 2015b Calquing, structural borrowing and metatypy in the Dongxiang language. Cahiers de Linguistique-Asie Orientale [East Asian Languages and Linguistics] 44(2). 150–168. 10.1163/19606028‑00442p03
    https://doi.org/10.1163/19606028-00442p03 [Google Scholar]
  19. 2017 Contact-induced change in the Dongxiang language: The emerging category of classifier. Cahiers de Linguistique-Asie Orientale [East Asian Languages and Linguistics] 46(2). 174–193. 10.1163/19606028‑04602004
    https://doi.org/10.1163/19606028-04602004 [Google Scholar]
  20. Liu, Zhaoxiong
    1981 Dongxiangyu jianzhi [Descriptions of Dongxiang]. Beijing: The Ethnic Publishing House.
  21. Ma, Bulin
    2017Dongxiang yu cihui de lishi cengci [The history level of Dongxiang language vocabulary and the historical formation of Dongxiang language]. Yinchuan: North Minzu University. (Master’s thesis.)
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Ma, Guozhong & Chen, Yuanlong
    (eds.) 2001 Dongxiangyu Hanyu cidian [Dongxiang-Chinese dictionary]. 1st edn.Lanzhou: Gansu Nationalities Publishing House.
  23. Ma, Rubiao
    2016Hua yi yi yu yu Dongxiang yu cihui tantao [A contrast of Hua-I-I-Yu and Dongxiang language vocabulary]. Language and Translation 2016(1). 41–45.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Nugteren, Hans
    2003 Shira Yughur. InJanhunen, Juha (ed.), The Mongolic languages (Routledge Language Family Series 5), 265–285. London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. 2011Mongolic phonology and the Qinghai-Gansu languages. Leiden: Leiden University. (Doctoral dissertation.)
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Poppe, Nicholas
    1965Introduction to Altaic linguistics. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Sechenbaatar, Borjigin
    2003The Chakhar dialect of Mongol: A morphological description (Mémoires de la Société Finno-Ougrienne 243). Helsinki: The Finno-Ugrian Society.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Slater, Keith W.
    2003aA gammar of Mangghuer: A Mongolic language of China’s Qinghai-Gansu sprachbund. London: Routledge Curzon.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. 2003b Mangghuer. InJanhunen, Juha (ed.), The Mongolic languages (Routledge Language Family Series 5), 307–324. London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Soulié, M. G.
    1903Éléments de grammaire mongole (dialecte ordoss). Paris: Imprimerie Nationale.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Todaeva, Buljaš Xojčievna (Тодаева, Буляш Хойчиевна)
    1961Dunsyanskii yazyk (Дунсянский язык) [The Dongxiang language]. Moscow: Izdatel’stvo Vostočnoj Literatury (AN SSSR: Institut narodov Aziï).
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Wu, Hugjiltu
    2003 Bonan. InJanhunen, Juha (ed.), The Mongolic languages (Routledge Language Family Series 5), 325–345. London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Yu, Zhihong
    1994 Cong Menggu mishi yuyan kan Dongxiang yu [Looking at the Dongxiang language from the perspective of The secret history of the Mongols]. Minzu Yuwen [Minority Languages of China] 1994(1). 17–22.
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/lali.00071.lef
Loading
  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): calque , Dongxiang , linguistic innovation , Linxia and reflexive markers
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error