1887
Volume 22, Issue 3
  • ISSN 1606-822X
  • E-ISSN: 2309-5067
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

抽象的

文章從漢語重疊的重音模式入手,在深入挖掘重音模式語法功能的基礎上,重點鎖定漢語重疊的語體屬性。通過輕聲標準、描寫性標準、語體詞標準及語體分佈標準,同時結合語體區別特徵,重疊的變調,重疊的兒化以及重疊後加「的」做謂語等四個方面,論證漢語重疊橫跨書面語和口語兩種語體。最終揭示節律本身也有體,節律不同則語體亦不同。

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/lali.00086.cui
2021-05-11
2021-06-16
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Bolinger, Dwight (波林格)
    1993 Yuyan yaolue語言要略 [Aspects of language]. Beijing: Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press. (Translated byFang, Li (方立) & Li, Gucheng (李谷城) & Li, Yanshu (李燕姝).)
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Center for Chinese Linguistics, Peking University
    Center for Chinese Linguistics, Peking University 2003 Beijing Daxue Zhongguo Yuyanxue Yanjiu Zhongxin CCL Yuliaoku北京大學中國語言學研究中心CCL語料庫 [The CCL Corpus of Chinese Texts: 700 million Chinese Characters, the 11th Century B.C. – present]. (ccl.pku.edu.cn:8080/ccl_corpus/index.jsp?dir=xiandai) (Accessed2019-5-7.)
  3. Chao, Yuen Ren (趙元任)
    2002 Zhao Yuanren yuyanxue lunwenji趙元任語言學論文集 [Linguistics proceedings of Chao Yuen Ren]. Beijing: The Commercial Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. 2005[1968] Hanyu kouyu yufa漢語口語語法 [A grammar of spoken Chinese]. Beijing: The Commercial Press. (Originally published in 1968 byUniversity of California Press.)
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Chen, Jian Min (陳建民)
    1984 Hanyu kouyu漢語口語 [Spoken Chinese]. Beijing: Beijing Publishing House.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Cui, Si Xing (崔四行)
    2012 Cong ABAB、AABB zhongyin moshi de jufa gongneng kan Hanyu de yunlü xingtai 從ABAB、AABB重音模式的句法功能看漢語的韻律形態 [A study of Chinese prosodic morphology based on the observation of syntactic functions of stress-type of ABAB and AABB]. Yuyan Jiaoxue Yu Yanjiu語言教學與研究 [Language Teaching and Linguistic Studies] 2012(5). 63–69.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. 2018 Hanyu sanyinjie yunlü wenti yanjiu漢語三音節韻律問題研究 [A study of the trisyllabic prosody in Chinese]. Beijing: Beijing Language and Culture University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Dictionary Editorial Room, Institute of Linguistics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (中國社會科學院語言研究所詞典編輯室)
    Dictionary Editorial Room, Institute of Linguistics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (中國社會科學院語言研究所詞典編輯室) (ed.) 2017 Xiandai Hanyu cidian現代漢語詞典 [The contemporary of Chinese dictionary]. 7th edn.Beijing: The Commercial Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Duanmu, San (端木三)
    1999 Zhongyin lilun he Hanyu de cichang xuanze重音理論和漢語的詞長選擇 [Stress theory and length selection of Chinese words]. Zhongguo Yuwen中國語文 [Studies of the Chinese Language] 1999(4). 246–254.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. 2016 Yinbu he zhongyin音步和重音 [Foot and stress]. Beijing: Beijing Language and Culture University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Feng, Shengli
    1991 Prosodic structure and word order change in Chinese. The PENN Review of Linguistics15. 21–35.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. 1995Prosodic structure and prosodically constrained syntax in Chinese. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania. (Doctoral dissertation.)
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Feng, Shengli (馮勝利)
    1997 Hanyu de yunlü, cifa yu jufa漢語的韻律、詞法與句法 [Interactions between morphology, syntax and prosody in Chinese]. Beijing: Pecking University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. 2006 Hanyu shumianyongyu chubian漢語書面用語初編 [Expressions of written Chinese]. Beijing: Beijing Language and Culture University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. 2010 Lun yunlü wenti xue de jiben yuanli論韻律文體學的基本原理 [On the basic principles of prosodic stylistics]. Dangdai Xiuci Xue當代修辭學 [Contemporary Rhetoric] 2010(1). 25–36.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. 2016 Beijing hua shi yige zhongyin yuyan北京話是一個重音語言 [Mandarin Chinese is a stress language]. Yuyan Kexue語言科學 [Linguistic Sciences] 15(5). 449–473.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. 2017 Cong yuyin yuyi cifa he jufa kan yuti yufa de xitongxing從語音、語義、詞法和句法看語體語法的系統性 [The system of register Grammar – Argument from phonology, morphology, syntax and semantics]. Chuugoku Gogaku中國語學 [Chinese Linguistics] 264. 1–24.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. 2018 Hanyu yuti yufa gailun漢語語體語法概論 [An introduction to register grammar in Chinese]. Beijing: Beijing Language and Culture University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. 2019 Lun Hanyu de zhogyin yu shengdiao論漢語的重音與聲調 [The rearch of Chinese stress and tone]. (Speech presented atFudan College of Foreign Languages and Literature, Shanghai, 12 March 2019.)
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Feng, Shengli (馮勝利) & Shi, Chunhong (施春宏)
    2018 Lun yuti yufa de jiben yuanli、danwei cengji he yuti xitong論語體語法的基本原理、單位層級和語體系統 [The principles, hierarchical units and register system of register grammar]. Shijie Hanyu Jiaoxue世界漢語教學 [Chinese Teaching in the World] 32(3). 302–325.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Feng, Shengli (馮勝利) & Wang, Li Juan (王麗娟)
    2018 Hanyu yunlü yufa jiaocheng漢語韻律語法教程 [Research on Chinese prosodic grammar]. Beijing: Peking University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Gleason, Henry Allan
    1965Linguistics and English grammar. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Halliday, M. A. K. & McIntosh, Angus & Strevens, Peter
    1964The linguistic sciences and language teaching. London: Longman.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Halliday, M. A. K.
    1975Learning how to mean: Explorations in the development of language. London: Edward Arnold. 10.1016/B978‑0‑12‑443701‑2.50025‑1
    https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-443701-2.50025-1 [Google Scholar]
  25. Hu, Mingyang (胡明揚)
    1992 Putonghua shumianyu shuangyinjie xingrongci chongdie hou de yuyin moshi普通話書面語雙音節形容詞重疊後的語音模式 [The stress pattern of dual-syllable adjectives in Mandarin Chinese]. Yuwen Jianshe語文建設 [Language Planning] 1992(5). 13.
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Hua, Yü Ming (華玉明)
    2003 Shuang yinjie dongci congdieshi AABB de zhuangtai xingrongci gongneng雙音節動詞重疊式AABB的狀態形容詞功能 [On the function of AABB static adjectives formed by the repetition of verbs with by-syllables]. Tangdu Xuekan唐都學刊 [Tangdu Journal] 19(2). 121–124.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Hua, Yü Ming (華玉明) & Ma, Qingzhu (馬慶株)
    2007 Zhongyin shi he qingsheng shi dongci chongdie de gongneng chayi ji qi liju重音式和輕聲式動詞重疊的功能差異及其理據 [Functional differences and motivations of reduplication of stressed and unstressed verbs]. Yuwen Yanjiu語文研究 [Linguistic Research] 2007(4). 23–28.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Institute of Information Science, Academia Sinica & Institute of Linguistics, Academia Sinica
    Institute of Information Science, Academia Sinica & Institute of Linguistics, Academia Sinica 1996 Xiandai Hanyu Pingheng Yuliaoku現代漢語平衡語料庫 [Academia Sinica Balanced Corpus of Modern Chinese] (asbc.iis.sinica.edu.tw/) (Accessed2018-11-02.)
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Inkelas, Sharon & Zec, Draga
    (eds.) 1990The phonology-syntax connection. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Institute of Big Data and Language Education, Beijing Language and Culture University
    Institute of Big Data and Language Education, Beijing Language and Culture University 2016 Beijing Yuyan Daxue Yuliaoku Zhongxin北京語言大學語料庫中心 [BLCU Corpus Center] (bcc.blcu.edu.cn/) (Accessed2019-5-7.)
  31. Joos, Martin
    1967The five clocks. NewYork: Harcourt, Brace & World.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Li, Shan (李珊)
    2003 Dongci chongdieshi yanjiu動詞重疊式研究 [A study of verb reduplication]. Beijing: Language and Culture Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Li, Si Jing (李思敬)
    1986 Hanyu “er” [ɚ] yin shi yanjiu漢語「兒」[ɚ]音史研究 [A study of the phonetic history of the Chinese “er”]. Beijing: The Commercial Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Lu, Zongda (陸宗達) & Yu, Min (俞敏)
    1954 Xiandai Hanyu yufa現代漢語語法 [Modern Chinese grammar]. Beijing: Qunzhong Publishing House.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Lü, Shuxiang (呂叔湘)
    2002 Guanyu Hanyu cilei de yixie yuanze xing wenti關於漢語詞類的一些原則性問題 [Some fundamental issues concerning the parts of Speech in Chinese]. InYu, Xiaoqun & Wang, Zhijiang & Liu, Guoyu & Liu, Qingsong (eds.), Lü Shuxiang quanji (di er juan): Hanyu yufa lunwenji呂叔湘全集(第二卷):漢語語法論文集 [Complete works of Lü Shuxiang (volume 2): Collected papers on Chinese Grammar], 221–265. Shenyang: Liaoning Education Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. (ed.) 2005[1999] Xiandai Hanyu babai ci現代漢語八百詞(增訂本) [Eight hundred words in Modern Chinese]. Revised edn. Beijing: The Commercial Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Ma, Qingzhu (馬慶株)
    2000 Guanyu chongdie de ruogan wenti: Chongdie (han dieyong)、cengci yu yinyu關於重疊的若干問題:重疊(含疊用)、層次與隱喻 [Some issues concerning reduplication: Reduplication (including overlapping), hierarchy and metaphor]. Hanyu Xuebao漢語學報 [Chinese Linguistics] 1. 28–34.
    [Google Scholar]
  38. McCarthy, John J. & Prince, Allen S.
    1996Prosodic morphology 1986 (Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series 13). Amherst: University of Massachusetts Amherst.
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Radford, Andrew
    2009Analysing English sentences: A minimalist approach. New York: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511801617
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511801617 [Google Scholar]
  40. Shen, Jiaxuan (沈家煊)
    2017 Hanyu da yufa baohan yunlü漢語「大語法」包含韻律 [Chinese grammar includes prosody]. Shijie Hanyu Jiaoxue世界漢語教學 [Chinese Teaching in the World] 31(1). 3–19.
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Sun, Jingtao (孫景濤)
    2008 Gu Hanyu chongdie goucifa yanjiu古漢語重疊構詞法研究 [A study of reduplicative morphology in old Chinese]. Shanghai: Shanghai Educational Publishing House.
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Sun, Yuwen (孫玉文)
    2007 Hanyu biandiao gouci yanjiu(zengding ben)漢語變調構詞研究(增訂本) [A study of Chinese Tone-sandhi word-formation]. Revised edn.Beijing: The Commercial Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  43. Wang, Hongjun (王洪君)
    2004 Shi lun Hanyu de jiezou leixing─Songjinxing試論漢語的節奏類型─鬆緊型 [On the metrical type of modern standard Chinese─A type based on looseness]. Yuyan Kexue語言科學 [Linguistic Sciences] 3(3). 21–27.
    [Google Scholar]
  44. Wang, Jianjun (王建軍) & Zhou, Mengyun (周夢雲)
    2018 Hanyu chongdie xianxiang de yanjin qushi、shengcheng licheng ji fazhan dongyin漢語重疊現象的演進趨勢、生成歷程及發展動因 [The evolution trend, generation process and development cause of Chinese language overlapping phenomenon]. Yuwen Yanjiu語文研究 [Linguistic Research] 2018(4). 7–13.
    [Google Scholar]
  45. Wang, Lijuan (王麗娟)
    2018 Hanyu pangge shubin jiegou de yuti jianding ji qi yufa jizhi漢語旁格述賓結構的語體鑒定及其語法機制 [Register identification and its grammatical mechanism of Chinese oblique VO structures]. Yuyan Jiaoxue yu Yanjiu語言教學與研究 [Language Teaching and Linguistic Studies] 2018(6). 58–69.
    [Google Scholar]
  46. Wang, Yongna (王永娜)
    2008 Tan yunlü、yuti dui Hanyu biao duanshiti de dongci chongdie de zhiyue談韻律、語體對漢語表短時體的動詞重疊的制約 [Prosodic and stylistic constraint upon verb’s reduplication V.V]. Yuyan Kexue語言科學 [Linguistic Sciences] 7(6). 636–646.
    [Google Scholar]
  47. 2017 “Changduan” “qizheng”tezheng zhiyue xia de Hanyu Dongci de Yuti dengji「長短」「齊整」特徵制約下的漢語動詞的語體等級 [Chinese verbs’stylistic degree under “long-short feature” and “regular feature”]. Yuyan Jiaoxue yu Yanjiu語言教學與研究 [Language Teaching and Linguistic Studies] 2017(5). 81–92.
    [Google Scholar]
  48. Wang, Zhijie (王志潔) & Feng, Shengli (馮勝利)
    2006 Shengdiao duibifa yu Beijinghua shuangyinzu de zhongyin leixing聲調對比法與北京話雙音組的重音類型 [Tonal contrast and disyllabic stress patterns in Beijing mandarin]. Yuyan Kexue語言科學 [Linguistic Sciences] 5(1). 3–22.
    [Google Scholar]
  49. Xing, Fuyi (邢福義) & Wang, Guosheng (汪國勝)
    (eds.) 2014 Xiandai Hanyu現代漢語 [Modern Chinese language]. 2nd edn.Wuhan: Central China Normal University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  50. Xu, Lisheng (許力生)
    1997 Dangdai yuti yanjiu zhong de butong moshi yu quxiang當代語體研究中的不同模式與取向 [Different patterns and orientations in the contemporary studies of functional varieties of language]. Waiguoyu (Shanghai Waiguoyu Daxue Xuebao)外國語(上海外國語大學學報) [Journal of Foreign Languages] 1997(5). 8–12.
    [Google Scholar]
  51. Zhang, Hongming (張洪明)
    2014 Yunlü yinxi xue yu Hanyu yunlü yanjiu zhong de ruogan wenti韻律音系學與漢語韻律研究中的若干問題 [Some issues on prosodic phonology and Chinese prosodic studies]. Dangdai Yuyanxue當代語言學 [Contemporary Linguistics] 16(3). 303–327.
    [Google Scholar]
  52. Zhou, Yimin (周一民)
    1998 Beijing kouyuyufa (cifajuan)北京口語語法(詞法卷) [Beijing oral grammar (lexical volume)]. Beijing: Language and Culture Press.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/lali.00086.cui
Loading
  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): Er(兒) Diminutive; reduplication; stress; style; tone sandhi; 兒化; 語體; 變調; 重疊; 重音
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error