1887
Volume 22, Issue 3
  • ISSN 1606-822X
  • E-ISSN: 2309-5067
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

抽象

本文在向心理論的框架下,討論漢語語篇中語句所包含的語義實體(即後指中心集合成員)顯著度等級排序的依據。這一排序是預測某一語句中語義實體相對於其隨後語句的篇章可及性的依據。我們計算並分析了漢語含「把」、「給」、「放」、「被」四類句式的敘述性語篇片段中這四類語句與其之前和隨後語句間回指中心的過渡方式。通過具體的數據分析和比對,我們發現了以下模式和傾向:(1)話題位置的語義實體是維繫篇章連貫性的關鍵,所有觀察的語句均通過話題位置的語義實體實現與其之前和隨後語句間的回指中心延續;(2)除話題位置的語義實體外,後指中心集合成員的顯著度等級排序遵循題元角色序列等級,以題元序列為參考,越靠近左端的題元角色顯著度等級越高,越有機會被作為回指及優選中心;(3)話題的顯著度不受題元序列的影響,因此漢語後指中心集合成員的排序應分為兩個層級,第一層確認話題,第二層將剩餘語義實體按照題元序列排序,該排序決定語句中每一個語義實體的篇章顯著度和篇章可及性。

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/lali.00088.wuy
2021-05-11
2021-08-04
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Brennan, Susan E. & Friedman, Marilyn W. & Pollard, Carl J.
    1987 A centering approach to pronouns. InSidner, Candy (ed.), ACL’87: Proceedings of the 25th Annual Meeting on the Association for Computational Linguistics: 155–162. Stanford: Association for Computational Linguistics. 10.3115/981175.981197
    https://doi.org/10.3115/981175.981197 [Google Scholar]
  2. Bresnan, Joan
    2001Lexical-functional syntax. Oxford: Blackwell.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Di Eugenio, Barbara
    1998 Centering in Italian. InWalker, Marilyn A. & Joshi, Aravind K. & Prince, Ellen F. (eds.), Centering theory in discourse, 115–138. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Givón, Talmy
    (ed.) 1983Topic continuity in discourse: A quantitative cross-language study. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/tsl.3
    https://doi.org/10.1075/tsl.3 [Google Scholar]
  5. 2001Syntax: An introduction, vol.1. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Grosz, Barbara J. & Joshi, Aravind K. & Weinstein, Scott
    1983 Providing a unified account of definite noun phrases in discourse. InMitch Marcus (ed.), 21st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, Cambridge: Association for Computational Linguistics. 10.3115/981311.981320
    https://doi.org/10.3115/981311.981320 [Google Scholar]
  7. 1995 Centering: A framework for modeling the local coherence of discourse. Computational Linguistics21(2). 203–225.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Joshi, A. & Weinstein, Scott
    1981 Control of inference: Role of some aspects of discourse structure ─ Centering. InDrinan, Ann (ed.), Proceedings of the 7th International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, vol.1, 385–387. Vancouver: International Joint Conferences on Artificial Intelligence Organization.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Lü, Shuxiang (呂叔湘)
    (ed.) 2005[1999] Xiandai Hanyu babai ci現代漢語八百詞 [Eight hundred words in Modern Chinese]. Revised edn.Beijing: The Commercial Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Miltsakaki, Eleni
    2003 Centering in Greek. Selected Papers on Theoretical and Applied Linguistics15. 309–327. (Selected papers from the15th International Symposium on Theoretical and Applied Linguistics, Thessaloniki, 4–6 May 2001.)
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Rambow, Owen
    1993 Pragmatics aspects of scrambling and topicalization in German. (Paper presented at theInstitute for Research in Cognitive Science Workshop on Centering Theory in Naturally-Occurring Discourse, Philadelphia, May 8–10 1993.)
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Turan, Ümit Deniz
    1995Null vs. overt subjects in Turkish discourse: A centering analysis. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania. (Doctoral dissertation.)
    [Google Scholar]
  13. 1998 Ranking forward-looking centers in Turkish: Universal and language-specific properties. InWalker, Marilyn A. & Joshi, Aravind K. & Prince, Ellen F. (eds.), Centering theory in discourse, 139–160. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Walker, Marilyn A. & Joshi, Aravind K. & Prince, Ellen F.
    (eds.) 1998Centering theory in discourse. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Walker, Marilyn A. & Iida, Masayo & Cote, Sharon
    1990 Centering in Japanese discourse. InKarlgren, Hans (ed.), COLING-90: Papers presented to the 13th International Conference on Computational Linguistics on the occasion of the 25th anniversary of COLING and the 350th anniversary of Helsinki University, 1–8. Helsinki: COLING.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. 1994 Japanese discourse and the process of centering. Computational Linguistics20(2). 193–232.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Wuyun, Saina
    2013Where centering meets Mandarin mini-discourse. Hong Kong: City University of Hong Kong. (Doctoral dissertation.)
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Wuyun, Saina & Pan, Haihua
    2014 The inter-sentential function of Mandarin bei passive. Chinese Language and Discourse5(2). 252–280. 10.1075/cld.5.2.06wuy
    https://doi.org/10.1075/cld.5.2.06wuy [Google Scholar]
  19. Wuyun, Saina (烏雲賽娜) & Pan, Haihua (潘海華)
    2014 Hanyu bei ziju yu huizhi zhongxin guodu guanxi de yanjiu漢語被字句與回指中心過渡關係的研究 [A study on the influence of Chinese passives on center transitions in discourse]. Yuyan ji Yuyanxue語言暨語言學 [Language and Linguistics] 15(2). 265–293.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Wuyun, Saina
    2016 The influence of tense interpretation on discourse coherence ─ A comparison between Mandarin narrative and report discourse. Lingua179. 38–56. 10.1016/j.lingua.2016.03.002
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lingua.2016.03.002 [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/lali.00088.wuy
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/lali.00088.wuy
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error