1887
Volume 22, Issue 3
  • ISSN 1606-822X
  • E-ISSN: 2309-5067
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Abstract

抽象的

從現代台灣地區客語出發,佐以巴色會客語和跨漢語方言中關於雙及物結構的考察,本文討論客語中由「分佢」和結果式動補(V-R)結構互動所產生的致使結構,並聚焦於「分佢」出現在V和R之中和之後的例子。本文主要觀點如下:第一,「分佢」句式表達言者主觀性,凸顯說話者的意志,但此特點不是因為「我者」視角,而是來自於構式本身;第二,「分佢」句式的複句性質仍然存在,但在語法化的路徑上,整個構式逐漸演變成單子句結構,其中的關鍵在於「佢」的指稱限制降低,經歷了「單數指稱>兼具單數、複數指稱>複數指稱>泛稱>無指稱」等演變階段,這造成了主語的泛化,帶動句式的整體變化,而隨著使用頻率的提高,「分佢」甚至合音成,演變成單一的語法標記,單子句的性質益發明顯;第三,「分佢」致使結構不是構詞型,而是分析型;第四,「分佢」在這些結構中的句法位置和雙賓A和B式中接收者的位置有關,非因語意冗贅而產生的自由變換、非取決於R的語義指向、也非源自於雙及物結構中的介賓補語式和複合詞式中「分+賓語」的位置。

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2021-05-11
2021-06-16
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