1887
Volume 22, Issue 4
  • ISSN 1606-822X
  • E-ISSN: 2309-5067

Abstract

Abstract

Chinese Quadrisyllabic Idiomatic Expressions (henceforth QIEs) are highly productive in the modern language. They can be used to understand the cognitive processing of structure and meaning during reading comprehension, as in the patterning of [] ‘1k-A-10k-B’ (e.g. one-thousand army ten-thousand horse). However, little is known about the underlying mechanisms of QIEs during reading comprehension. Adopting the framework of Construction Grammar, in the present study, we aimed to study the convergence and divergence between native speakers and L2 learners in the processing of Chinese idiomatic constructions.

In the present study, twenty-three native university-level Mandarin speakers and twenty-three L2 learners of intermediate and advanced levels of Mandarin, all speakers of the non Sinosphere, participated in the experiment, and were instructed to make a semantic congruency judgment during the presentation of a QIE. Our results showed that, for both native speakers and L2 learners, semantically transparent idiomatic constructions elicited much shorter RTs than semantically opaque idiomatic constructions. Our behavioral results also showed that native speakers processed low frequency QIEs faster than high frequency ones, implying semantic satiation to impede the interpretation of high frequency idioms. For L2 learners, it was semantic transparency, rather than frequency, that played a more prominent role in idiom processing.

Available under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license.
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/lali.00091.liu
2021-09-29
2022-05-20
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/lali.00091.liu.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.1075/lali.00091.liu&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Ahrens, Kathleen
    1995The mental representation of verbs. San Diego: University of California at San Diego. (Doctoral dissertation.)
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Bassett, M. F. & Warne, C. J.
    1919 On the lapse of verbal meaning with repetition. The American Journal of Psychology30(4). 415–418. 10.2307/1413679
    https://doi.org/10.2307/1413679 [Google Scholar]
  3. Berman, Ruth A. & Slobin, Dan I.
    (eds.) 1994Relating events in narrative: A crosslinguistic developmental study. Hillsdale: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Boers, F. & Demecheleer, M.
    2001 Measuring the impact of cross-cultural differences on learners’ comprehension of imageable idioms. ELT Journal55(3). 255–262. 10.1093/elt/55.3.255
    https://doi.org/10.1093/elt/55.3.255 [Google Scholar]
  5. Bybee, Joan L.
    2006 From usage to grammar: The mind’s response to repetition. Language82(4). 711–733. 10.1353/lan.2006.0186
    https://doi.org/10.1353/lan.2006.0186 [Google Scholar]
  6. Bybee, Joan L. & Hopper, Paul J.
    (eds.) 2001Frequency and the emergence of linguistic structure (Typological Studies in Language 45). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/tsl.45
    https://doi.org/10.1075/tsl.45 [Google Scholar]
  7. Bybee, Joan L. & Thompson, Sandra
    2000 Three frequency effects in syntax. InJuge, Matthew L. & Moxley, Jeri L. (eds.), Proceedings of the Twenty-Third Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society, 14–17 February 1997: General session and parasession on pragmatics and grammatical structure (BLS 23), 378–388. Berkeley: Berkeley Linguistics Society.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Cacciari, Cristina
    2014 Processing multiword idiomatic strings: Many words in one?The Mental Lexicon9(2). 267–293. 10.1075/ml.9.2.05cac
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ml.9.2.05cac [Google Scholar]
  9. Cacciari, Cristina & Glucksberg, Sam
    1994 Understanding figurative language. InGernsbacher, Morton Ann (ed.), Handbook of psycholinguistics, 447–477. San Diego: Academic Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Cacciari, Cristina & Tabossi, Patrizia
    1988 The comprehension of idioms. Journal of Memory and Language27(6). 668–683. 10.1016/0749‑596X(88)90014‑9
    https://doi.org/10.1016/0749-596X(88)90014-9 [Google Scholar]
  11. Chen, Changlai
    2012Xiandai Hanyu leiguding duanyu yanjiu [Quasi-fixed structures in Modern Mandarin]. Shanghai: Xuelin Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Cicchetti, Domenic V.
    1994 Guidelines, criteria, and rules of thumb for evaluating normed and standardized assessment instruments in psychology. Psychological Assessment6(4). 284–290. 10.1037/1040‑3590.6.4.284
    https://doi.org/10.1037/1040-3590.6.4.284 [Google Scholar]
  13. Cieślicka, Anna
    2006 Literal salience in on-line processing of idiomatic expressions by second language learners. Second Language Research22(2). 115–144. 10.1191/0267658306sr263oa
    https://doi.org/10.1191/0267658306sr263oa [Google Scholar]
  14. Croft, William & Cruse, D. Alan
    2004Cognitive linguistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511803864
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511803864 [Google Scholar]
  15. Cronk, Brian C. & Lima, Susan D. & Schweigert, Wendy A.
    1993 Idioms in sentences: Effects of frequency, literalness, and familiarity. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research22(1). 59–82. 10.1007/BF01068157
    https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01068157 [Google Scholar]
  16. Ellis, Nick C.
    2002 Frequency effects in language processing: A review with implications for theories of implicit and explicit language acquisition. Studies in Second Language Acquisition24(2). 143–188. 10.1017/S0272263102002024
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0272263102002024 [Google Scholar]
  17. 2006 Selective attention and transfer phenomena in L2 acquisition: Contingency, cue competition, salience, interference, overshadowing, blocking, and perceptual learning. Applied Linguistics27(2). 164–194. 10.1093/applin/aml015
    https://doi.org/10.1093/applin/aml015 [Google Scholar]
  18. 2013 Construction grammar and second language acquisition. InHoffmann, Thomas & Trousdale, Graeme (eds.), The Oxford handbook of construction grammar, 365–378. New York: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Ellis, Nick C. & Laporte, Nadine
    1997 Contexts of acquisition: Effects of formal instruction and naturalistic exposure on second language acquisition. Inde Groot, Annette M. B. & Kroll, Judith F. (eds.), Tutorials in bilingualism: Psycholinguistic perspectives, 53–83. Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Fillmore, Charles J. & Kay, Paul & O’ Conner, Mary Catherine
    1988 Regularity and idiomaticity in grammatical constructions: The case of let alone. Language64(3). 501–538. 10.2307/414531
    https://doi.org/10.2307/414531 [Google Scholar]
  21. Fitzpatrick, Tess & Wray, Alison
    2006 Breaking up is not so hard to do: Individual differences in L2 memorization. The Canadian Modern Language Review63(1). 35–56. 10.3138/cmlr.63.1.35
    https://doi.org/10.3138/cmlr.63.1.35 [Google Scholar]
  22. Galmar, Bruno
    2012An investigation of the nature of verbal satiation in Chinese. Tainan: National Cheng Kung University. (Doctoral dissertation.)
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Gibbs, Raymond W., Jr. & Nayak, Nandini P. & Cutting, Cooper
    1989 How to kick the bucket and not decompose: Analyzability and idiom processing. Journal of Memory and Language28(5). 576–593. 10.1016/0749‑596X(89)90014‑4
    https://doi.org/10.1016/0749-596X(89)90014-4 [Google Scholar]
  24. Giora, Rachel & Fein, Ofer
    1999 On understanding familiar and less-familiar figurative language. Journal of Pragmatics31(12). 1601–1618. 10.1016/S0378‑2166(99)​00006‑5
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-2166(99)​00006-5 [Google Scholar]
  25. Goldberg, Adele E.
    1992 The inherent semantics of argument structure: The case of the English ditransitive construction. Cognitive Linguistics3(1). 37–74. 10.1515/cogl.1992.3.1.37
    https://doi.org/10.1515/cogl.1992.3.1.37 [Google Scholar]
  26. 1995Constructions: A construction grammar approach to argument structure. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Goldberg, Adele E. & Casenhiser, Devin M. & Sethuraman, Nitya
    2005 The role of prediction in construction-learning. Journal of Child Language32(2). 407–426. 10.1017/S0305000904006798
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0305000904006798 [Google Scholar]
  28. Hovav, Malka Rappaport & Levin, Beth
    2008 The English dative alternation: The case for verb sensitivity. Journal of Linguistics44(1). 129–167. 10.1017/S0022226707004975
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022226707004975 [Google Scholar]
  29. Hu, Ying-Hsueh & Fong, Yu-Ying
    2010 Obstacles to CM-guided L2 idiom interpretation. InDe Knop, Sabine & Boers, Frank & De Rycker, Antoon (eds.), Fostering language teaching efficiency through cognitive linguistics (Applications of Cognitive Linguistics (ACL) 17), 293–316. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. 10.1515/9783110245837.293
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110245837.293 [Google Scholar]
  30. Jakobovits, Leon A.
    1962Effects of repeated stimulation on cognitive aspects of behavior: Some experiments on the phenomenon of semantic satiation. Montreal: McGill University. (Doctoral dissertation.)
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Jakobovits, Leon A. & Lambert, Wallace E.
    1962 Semantic satiation in an addition task. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology16(2). 112–119. 10.1037/h0083238
    https://doi.org/10.1037/h0083238 [Google Scholar]
  32. Kaschak, Michael P. & Glenberg, Arthur M.
    2000 Constructing meaning: The role of affordances and grammatical constructions in sentence comprehension. Journal of Memory and Language43(3). 508–529. 10.1006/jmla.2000.2705
    https://doi.org/10.1006/jmla.2000.2705 [Google Scholar]
  33. Liu, Shuxin
    1990Hanyu miaoxie cihuixue [Chinese descriptive lexicology]. Beijing: The Commercial Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Liu, Te-hsin & Lu, Chiarung & Tsai, I-ni & Su, I-wen
    2017 Idiomaticity and regularity of Chinese four-character idioms: The case of [yi-X-#-Y]. (Paper presented at the29th North American Conference on Chinese Linguistics (NACCL-29), Rutgers University, New Brunswick, 16–18 June 2017.)
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Liu, Yuehua
    2005 Chengyu yu duiwai Hanyu jiaoxue [Idiomatic expressions and teaching Chinese as a foreign language]. InTeng, Shou-hsin (ed.), Ershiyi shiji Huayu jigou yingyun celue yu jiaoxue guoji yantaohui lunwenji [Proceedings for the 2005 International Symposium on Operational Strategies and Pedagogy for Chinese Language Programs in the 21st Century], 298–303. Taipei: Mandarin Training Center, National Taiwan Normal University.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Lu, L. & Liu, H.-H.
    1998[1994]Xiuding Bi-Pao-De tuhua chihui ceyan [Peabody picture vocabulary test – revised]. Taipei: Psychological Publishing. (Mandarin Chinese version, an earlier version is published in 1994.)
    [Google Scholar]
  37. McGraw, Kenneth O. & Wong, S. P.
    1996 Forming inferences about some intraclass correlation coefficients. Psychological Methods1(1). 30–46. 10.1037/1082‑989X.1.1.30
    https://doi.org/10.1037/1082-989X.1.1.30 [Google Scholar]
  38. Meyer, Charles F. & Grabowski, Roger & Han, Hung-Yul & Mantzouranis, Konstantin & Moses, Stephanie
    2003 The world wide web as linguistic corpus. InLeistyna, Pepi & Meyer, Charles F. (eds.), Corpus analysis: Language structure and language use (Language and Computers: Studies in Practical Linguistics 46), 241–254. Amsterdam: Rodopi. 10.1163/9789004334410_014
    https://doi.org/10.1163/9789004334410_014 [Google Scholar]
  39. Moon, Rosamund
    1998Fixed expressions and idioms in English: A corpus-based approach. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Nunberg, Geoffrey & Sag, Ivan A. & Wasow, Thomas
    1994 Idioms. Language70(3). 491–538. 10.1353/lan.1994.0007
    https://doi.org/10.1353/lan.1994.0007 [Google Scholar]
  41. Pinker, Steven
    1989Learnability and cognition: The acquisition of argument structure. Cambridge: The MIT Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Plag, Ingo
    2003Word-formation in English. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511841323
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511841323 [Google Scholar]
  43. Schneider, Walter & Eschman, Amy & Zuccolotto, Anthony
    2002E-prime user’s guide. Pittsburgh: Psychology Software Tools.
    [Google Scholar]
  44. Schweigert, Wendy A.
    1991 The muddy waters of idiom comprehension. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research20(4). 305–314. 10.1007/BF01074283
    https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01074283 [Google Scholar]
  45. Severance, Elizabeth & Washburn, Margaret Floy
    1907 The loss of associative power in words after long fixation. The American Journal of Psychology18(2). 182–186. 10.2307/1412411
    https://doi.org/10.2307/1412411 [Google Scholar]
  46. Skoufaki, Sophia
    2008 Investigating the source of idiom transparency intuitions. Metaphor and Symbol24(1). 20–41. 10.1080/10926480802568448
    https://doi.org/10.1080/10926480802568448 [Google Scholar]
  47. Su, Lily I-Wen
    2002 Why a construction – That is the question!Concentric: Studies in Linguistics28(2). 27–42.
    [Google Scholar]
  48. Swinney, David A. & Cutler, Anne
    1979 The access and processing of idiomatic expressions. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior18(5). 523–534. 10.1016/S0022‑5371(79)90284‑6
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-5371(79)90284-6 [Google Scholar]
  49. Tabossi, Patrizia & Fanari, Rachele & Wolf, Kinou
    2009 Why are idioms recognized fast?Memory & Cognition37(4). 529–540. 10.3758/MC.37.4.529
    https://doi.org/10.3758/MC.37.4.529 [Google Scholar]
  50. Tsou, Benjamin K.
    2012 Idiomaticity and classical traditions in some East Asian languages. InManurung, Ruli & Bond, Francis (eds.), Proceedings of the 26th Pacific Asia Conference on Language, Information and Computation (PACLIC 26), 39–55. Depok: Faculty of Computer Science, Universitas Indonesia.
    [Google Scholar]
  51. Wang, Li
    1990 Idiom and classical illusion. InWang, Li (ed.), Wang Li wenji [Collection of Wang Li], vol.11, 653–672. Jinan: Shandong Educational Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  52. Wang, Ruojiang
    2001 Liuxuesheng chengyu pian wu youyin fenxi-cidian pian [Analysis of idiom errors made by foreign students]. Jinan daxue Huawen xueyuan xuebao [TCSOL Studies: Journal of College of Chinese Language and Culture of Jinan University] 2001(3). 28–35.
    [Google Scholar]
  53. Wray, Alison
    2002Formulaic language and the lexicon. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511519772
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511519772 [Google Scholar]
  54. Xu, Sheng-huan
    2006 Proximity and complementation: Studies of the formation mechanism of idioms from cognitive point of view (II). Jinan daxue Huawen xueyuan xuebao [TCSOL Studies: Journal of College of Chinese Language and Culture of Jinan University] 2016(3). 33–41.
    [Google Scholar]
  55. Yang, Jie & Li, Ping & Fang, Xiaoping & Shu, Hua & Liu, Youyi & Chen, Lang
    2016 Hemispheric involvement in the processing of Chinese idioms: An fMRI study. Neuropsychologia87. 12–24. 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2016.04.029
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2016.04.029 [Google Scholar]
  56. Zhang, Hui & Yang, Yiming & Gu, Jiexin & Ji, Feng
    2013 ERP correlates of compositionality in Chinese idiom comprehension. Journal of Neurolinguistics26(1). 89–112. 10.1016/j.jneuroling.2012.05.002
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jneuroling.2012.05.002 [Google Scholar]
  57. Zhan, Weidong & Guo, Rui & Chen, Yirong
    2003CCL yuliaoku jiansuo xitong [The CCL Corpus of Chinese Texts: 700 million Chinese Characters, the 11th Century B.C.–present]. Beijing: Center for Chinese Linguistics, Peking University. (ccl.pku.edu.cn:8080/ccl_corpus) (Accessed2021-03-15.)
    [Google Scholar]
  58. Zwitserlood, Pienie
    1994 The role of semantic transparency in the processing and representation of Dutch compounds. Language and Cognitive Processes9(3). 341–368. (Language and Cognitive Processes is currently known as Language, Cognition and Neuroscience.) 10.1080/01690969408402123
    https://doi.org/10.1080/01690969408402123 [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/lali.00091.liu
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/lali.00091.liu
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error