1887
Volume 23, Issue 1
  • ISSN 1606-822X
  • E-ISSN: 2309-5067

Abstract

Abstract

This paper mainly studies phonemic cognitive ability through the databases of living spoken languages in the Sino-Tibetan languages including 20 Chinese dialects, 6 Tibetan dialects, 5 Miao dialects, Mian, Zhuang, Thai, Li, Dai, Yi, Burmese, Zaiwa, and, Achang. The methods of statistics and information entropy and the concepts of the actual syllabic space, the syllabic theoretical space and redundancy rate are used and proposed in this paper. The results show that: (1) statistical methods can be used in the study of phonemic cognition; (2) the actual syllabic space in spoken Sino-Tibetan languages reflects the man’s phonemic cognitive ability; (3) the theoretical syllabic space composed of initial, final, and tone in the Sino-Tibetan languages reflects the dynamic process of a phoneme system in language contact and evolution; (4) a redundancy rate of 60% is the bottom limit in oral communication in the Sino-Tibetan languages. Therefore, the conclusion of this study is that not only reflects man’s phonemic cognitive ability, but also reflects the interdependence of phonemic cognition and semantic cognition, and reveals an important link in the process of a language chain from semantic to phonemic transformation, which has important theoretical significance in the study of language cognition.

Available under the CC BY 4.0 license.
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/lali.00097.kon
2021-12-15
2022-05-18
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/lali.00097.kon.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.1075/lali.00097.kon&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Cheng, Chin-chuan
    1998 Upper limit of active vocabulary. (Paper presented atThe Third Annual Chinese Online Reading Assistant Workshop, East Lansing, October 24–25 1998.)
    [Google Scholar]
  2. 1999 Active vocabulary upper limit 8000. (Lecture presented atGraduate Institute of Linguistics, National Taiwan University, Taipei, May 10 1999.)
    [Google Scholar]
  3. 2006 Cong ciyu baqian daoxuehai wuya [From eight thousand words to endless learning]. (Lecture presented atDepartment of Chinese Language and Literature, National Sun Yat-sen University, Kaohsiung.)
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Chen, Pengnian & Qiu, Yong
    1008Dasong chongxiu Guangyun [Revising Guangyun in Da Song Dynasty]. (Also known as Guangyun (A rhyming Dictionary of Chinese in Song dynasty.)
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Compilation group of Tibetan-Burman phonetics and vocabulary
    Compilation group of Tibetan-Burman phonetics and vocabulary 1991Zangmianyu yuyin he cihui [Tibetan-Burman phonetics and vocabulary]. Beijing: China Social Sciences Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Huang, Bufan
    (ed.) 1992Zangmianyuzu yuyan cihui [A Tibeto-Burman lexicon]. Beijing: China Minzu University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Kong, Jiangping
    2018 Renzhi yinweixue de lilun yu fangfa [Theories and methods of cognitive phonemics]. Zhongguo Yuyin Xuebao [Chinese Journal of Phonetics] 10. 44–56.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Kong, Jiangping & Yu, Hongzhi & Li, Yonghong, & Dawa Pengcuo & Hua, Kan
    2011Zangyu fangyan diaoch biao [Comparative word list for historical study of Tibetan dialects]. Beijing: The Commercial Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Ladefoged, Peter & Maddieson, Ian
    1996The sounds of the world’s languages. Oxford: Blackwell.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Lei, Xia
    (ed.) 2013Hanyu Haosayu fenlei cidian [Classification dictionary of Chinese-Hausa]. Beijing: The Commercial Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Lin, Youran & Lin, You-Jing & Wang, Feng & Wu, Xiyu & Kong, Jiangping
    2020 The development of phonological awareness and pinyin knowledge in Mandarin-speaking school-aged children. International Journal of Speech-Language Pathology22(6). 660–668. 10.1080/17549507.2020.1819417
    https://doi.org/10.1080/17549507.2020.1819417 [Google Scholar]
  12. Shannon, Claude E. & Weaver, Warren
    1949The mathematical theory of communication. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Wang, Fushi
    1994Miaoyu guyin gouni [Reconstruction of Proto-Miao language]. Tokyo: Research Institute for Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Wang, Futang
    2003Hanyu fanyan zihui (xiuding ban) [Vocabulary of Chinese dialects]. Revised edn.Beijing: Language and Culture Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Xian, Jie
    2013Hanyu Feilübinyu fenlei cidian [Classification dictionary of Chinese-Filipino]. Beijing: The Commercial Press.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/lali.00097.kon
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/lali.00097.kon
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error