Volume 23, Issue 2
  • ISSN 1606-822X
  • E-ISSN: 2309-5067



This study examined 25 emotion terms in Malaysian Malay and used corpus data to investigate whether these emotion terms appeared with the [], [], [], and [‑]-only forms. The emotion terms were patterned in four different ways. Category One included local emotion verbs that conformed to the pattern [Affector-Affectee]. In this category, the verbs were dominated by the [] form, with a small number including the suffix [‑]-only. A verb in the [] form was either a Category Two [Causer Causee] pattern or a Category Four [Experiencer Event] pattern, among which Category Two had a higher number of instances. Category Three included two possible patterns – [Experiencer Stimulus] and [Experiencer ‑ (Stimulus absent)]. We found that the emotion terms with the []-only form were largely “narrating” the emotions of the speaker or situation, which provided the background, while the emotion terms with the [‑]-only form were largely “proposing” the emotion of the speaker or the subject being referred to (cf. Hopper 1983Bambang Kaswanti Purwo 1988). We were able to discern not only emotion terms in Malay but also their different uses in [], [], [], and [‑]-only forms.

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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): [meN-] [meN‑ -i] [meN‑ -kan] [‑kan]; corpus; emotion terms; Malay; semantic roles
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