1887
Volume 23, Issue 2
  • ISSN 1606-822X
  • E-ISSN: 2309-5067

Abstract

Abstract

This paper offers new evidence from Stau, Geshiza, and Khroskyabs to address the question of directionality in valency-changing derivations in Sino-Tibetan. Examining Stau, Geshiza, and Khroskyabs causative and anticausative verb stem pairs adds to the evidence that in Proto-Sino-Tibetan, a number of intransitive stems are derived from transitive stems, in some cases as the result of *‑ prefixation, and in other cases from voicing alternation independent of *‑ prefixation. In addition, the proto-sigmatic prefix (*-) does not cause devoicing in Stau, Geshiza, and Khroskyabs, but rather often undergoes voicing assimilation, and has more than just a causativization function. Furthermore, by looking at Gyalrong, Minyag, Tangut, Middle Chinese, and Old Chinese we emphasize that there is no synchronic evidence to support devoicing induced by *‑, nor is there historical evidence to support the claim that *‑ caused devoicing in Proto-Gyalrongic, or even at genetically deeper stages.

Available under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license.
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/lali.00104.gat
2022-03-29
2022-05-23
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/lali.00104.gat.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.1075/lali.00104.gat&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Comrie, Bernard
    1974 Causatives and universal grammar. Transactions of the Philological Society73(1). 1–32. 10.1111/j.1467‑968X.1974.tb01155.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-968X.1974.tb01155.x [Google Scholar]
  2. Dixon, R. M. W.
    2000 A typology of causatives: Form, syntax and meaning. InDixon, R. M. W. & Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y. (eds.), Changing valency: Case studies in transitivity, 30–83. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511627750.003
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511627750.003 [Google Scholar]
  3. 2010Basic linguistic theory, vol. 1: Methodology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Duo’erji
    Duo’erji 1998Daofuyu Geshizahua yanjiu [A study of Geshiza Stau]. Beijing: China Tibetology Publishing House.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Gao, Yang
    2015Description de la langue Menya: Phonologie et syntaxe [Description of the Menya language: Phonology and syntax]. Paris: École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales. (Doctoral dissertation.)
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Gates, Jesse P.
    2017 Verbal triplication morphology in Stau (Mazi dialect). Transactions of the Philological Society115(1). 14–26. 10.1111/1467‑968X.12083
    https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-968X.12083 [Google Scholar]
  7. 2021A grammar of Mazur Stau. Paris: École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales. (Doctoral dissertation.)
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Gates, Jesse P. & Kim, Won Ho
    2018 Vowel harmony in Stau. Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area41(2). 263–293. 10.1075/ltba.17016.gat
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ltba.17016.gat [Google Scholar]
  9. Gates, Jesse P. & Nyi.ma, Thub.bstan & Rgyal.mtsan, Tshe.ring
    2019 Tibetan dining etiquette: A sociolinguistic analysis of a normative discourse text in Stau. Himalayan Linguistics18(2). 73–81.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Genxia, Wengmu & Suzuki, Hiroyuki
    2008 Dàofúyǔ de shǐyòng qíngkuàng hé yǔyán huólì: Xiānshuǐzhèn de gè’àn yánjiū [Actual situation of the language use of sTau and its language vitality: A case study of sTau spoken in Xianshui town]. Kyoto University Linguistic Research27. 223–240.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Gerner, Matthias
    2007 The lexicalization of causative verbs in the Yi group. Folia Linguistica Historica28(1–2). 145–186. 10.1515/flih.2007.145
    https://doi.org/10.1515/flih.2007.145 [Google Scholar]
  12. Handel, Zev
    2012 Valence-changing prefixes and voicing alternation in Old Chinese and Proto-Sino-Tibetan: Reconstructing *s‑ and *N‑ prefixes. Language and Linguistics13(1). 61–82.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Haspelmath, Martin
    2016 Universals of causative and anticausative verb formation and the spontaneity scale. Lingua Posnaniensis58(2). 33–63. 10.1515/linpo‑2016‑0009
    https://doi.org/10.1515/linpo-2016-0009 [Google Scholar]
  14. Honkasalo, Sami
    2017 Two traditional Stau stories. Asian Highlands Perspectives44. 285–316.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. 2019A grammar of Eastern Geshiza: A culturally anchored description. Helsinki: University of Helsinki. (Doctoral dissertation.)
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Huang, Bufan
    2007Lawurongyu yanjiu [Studies on the Lavrung language]. Beijing: Nationalities Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Jacques, Guillaume
    2004Phonologie et morphologie du Japhug (rGyalrong). Paris: Université Paris VII – Denis Diderot. (Doctoral dissertation.)
    [Google Scholar]
  18. 2012a An internal reconstruction of Tibetan stem alternations. Transactions of the Philological Society110(2). 212–224. 10.1111/j.1467‑968X.2012.01293.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-968X.2012.01293.x [Google Scholar]
  19. 2012b Argument demotion in Japhug Rgyalrong. InAuthier, Gilles & Haude, Katharina (eds.), Ergativity, valency and voice (Empirical Approaches to Language Typology 48), 199–225. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. 10.1515/9783110227734.199
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110227734.199 [Google Scholar]
  20. 2014Esquisse de phonologie et de morphologie historique du tangoute [Sketch of Tangut historical phonology and morphology] (The Languages of Asia Series 12). Leiden: Brill. 10.1163/9789004264854
    https://doi.org/10.1163/9789004264854 [Google Scholar]
  21. 2015 The origin of the causative prefix in Rgyalrong languages and its implication for proto-Sino-Tibetan reconstruction. Folia Linguistica Historica36. 165–198.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. 2021A grammar of Japhug (Comprehensive Grammar Library 1). Berlin: Language Science Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Jacques, Guillaume & Lai, Yunfan & Antonov, Anton & Nima, Lobsang
    2017 Stau (Ergong, Horpa). InThurgood, Graham & LaPolla, Randy J. (eds.), The Sino-Tibetan languages, 597–613. 2nd edn. New York: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Kittilä, Seppo
    2013 Causative morphemes as a de-transitivizing device: What do non-canonical instances reveal about causation and causativization?Folia Linguistica47(1). 113–138. 10.1515/flin.2013.006
    https://doi.org/10.1515/flin.2013.006 [Google Scholar]
  25. Lai, Yunfan
    2016 Causativisation in Wobzi and other Khroskyabs dialects. Cahiers de Linguistique – Asie Orientale45(2). 148–175. 10.1163/19606028‑00452p03
    https://doi.org/10.1163/19606028-00452p03 [Google Scholar]
  26. 2017Grammaire du khroskyabs de Wobzi [A grammar of Wobzi Khroskyabs]. Paris: Université Paris 3 – Sorbonne Nouvelle. (Doctoral dissertation.)
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Lai, Yunfan & Gong, Xun & Gates, Jesse P. & Jacques, Guillaume
    2020 Tangut as a West Gyalrongic language. Folia Linguistica54(s41–s1). 171–203. 10.1515/flih‑2020‑0006
    https://doi.org/10.1515/flih-2020-0006 [Google Scholar]
  28. Lin, You-Jing
    2016Jiāróngyǔ Zhuókèjīhuà yǔfǎ biāozhù wénběn [Cogtse Rgyalrong texts: Fully analyzed spontaeous narratives with an updated grammar sketch of the language]. Beijing: Social Sciences Academic Press (China).
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Mei, Tsu-Lin
    2012 The causative *s‑ and nominalizing *-s in Old Chinese and related matters in Proto-Sino-Tibetan. Language and Linguistics13(1). 1–28.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Sagart, Laurent & Baxter, William H.
    2012 Reconstructing the *s‑ prefix in Old Chinese. Language and Linguistics13(1). 29–59.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Song, Jae Jung
    2013 Nonperiphrastic causative constructions. InDryer, Matthew S. & Haspelmath, Martin (eds.), The world atlas of language structures online. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. (https://wals.info/chapter/111) (Accessed2021-10-07.)
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Tunzhi
    2017 Language vitality and glottonyms in the Ethnic Corridor: The rTa’u language. International Journal of the Sociology of Language 2017(245). 147–168.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Tunzhi & Suzuki, Hiroyuki & Roche, Gerald
    2019 Language contact and the politics of recognition amongst Tibetans in the People’s Republic of China: The rTa’u-speaking ‘Horpa’ of Khams. InSonntag, Selma K. & Turin, Mark (eds.), The politics of language contact in the Himalaya, 17–48. Cambridge: Open Book Publishers.
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Vanderveen, Chantel A.
    2015A phonology of Stau. Langley, BC: Trinity Western University. (Master’s thesis.)
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/lali.00104.gat
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/lali.00104.gat
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error