1887
Volume 23, Issue 2
  • ISSN 1606-822X
  • E-ISSN: 2309-5067

Abstract

Abstract

This paper identifies a type of noun incorporation in which the verb and a nominal are combined as early saturation of the verb, in contrast to early restriction, which is seen in the familiar type of noun incorporation. Two types of V-V resultative constructions in Mandarin Chinese are compared: the agent-oriented one and the patient-oriented one. The semantic grouping effects of the first verb and the post-verbal nominal of an agent-oriented type show that they are local to each other in their base-positions. But unlike in the patient-oriented one, the first verb in the construction shows a weak reachability. The defectiveness of the verb is parallel to that of an incorporated nominal in the familiar type of noun incorporation: e.g. no modification and no anaphoric linking to a proform. The paper argues that the first verb in the agent-oriented resultative construction and the post-verbal nominal, which can be a full-fledged referential nominal, undergo a type of noun incorporation parallel to the familiar type. In such noun incorporation, instead of the nominal, it is the verb that exhibits root-like properties. Such properties are viewed as a consequence of an early combination of a verb and a nominal, before each of them takes an event-argument, in a neo-Davisonian semantic perspective.

Available under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license.
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/lali.00108.zha
2022-03-29
2022-05-18
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/lali.00108.zha.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.1075/lali.00108.zha&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Adger, David & Ramchand, Gillian
    2005 Merge and move: Wh-dependencies revisited. Linguistic Inquiry36(2). 161–193. 10.1162/0024389053710729
    https://doi.org/10.1162/0024389053710729 [Google Scholar]
  2. Baker, Mark C.
    1995 Lexical and nonlexical noun incorporation. InEgli, Urs & Pause, Peter E. & Schwarze, Christoph & von Stechow, Arnim & Wienold, Götz (eds.), Lexical knowledge in the organization of language (Current Issues in Linguistic Theory 114), 3–33. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/cilt.114.03bak
    https://doi.org/10.1075/cilt.114.03bak [Google Scholar]
  3. 2014 Pseudo noun incorporation as covert noun incorporation: Linearization and crosslinguistic variation. Language and Linguistics15(1). 5–46.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Baker, Mark C. & Aranovich, Roberto & Golluscio, Lucía
    2005 Two types of syntactic noun incorporation: Noun incorporation in Mapudungun and its typological implications. Language81(1). 138–176. 10.1353/lan.2005.0003
    https://doi.org/10.1353/lan.2005.0003 [Google Scholar]
  5. Bi, Luosha & Pan, Haihua
    2018 Ye lun Hanyu “zhuyu zhixiang xing” dongbu jiegou de jufa gouzao [On subject-oriented resultatives in Mandarin]. Language and Linguistics19(3). 377–394.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Bošković, Željko
    2020 On the coordinate structure constraint, across-the-board-movement, phases, and labelling. Invan Craenenbroeck, Jeroen & Pots, Cora & Temmerman, Tanja (eds.), Recent developments in Phase Theory (Studies in Generative Grammar 139), 133–182. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. 10.1515/9781501510199‑006
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9781501510199-006 [Google Scholar]
  7. Carlson, Greg N.
    2003 Weak indefinites. InCoene, Martine & D’hulst, Yves (eds.), From NP to DP, volume 1: The syntax and semantics of noun phrases (Linguistik Aktuell/Linguistics Today 55), 195–210. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/la.55.09car
    https://doi.org/10.1075/la.55.09car [Google Scholar]
  8. Chao, Yuen Ren
    1987Yuyan wenti [Language problem]. Taipei: The Commercial Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Chung, Sandra & Ladusaw, William A.
    2004Restriction and saturation (Linguistic Inquiry Monographs 42). Cambridge: The MIT Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Collins, Chris
    1997 Argument sharing in serial verb constructions. Linguistic Inquiry28(3). 461–497.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. 2002 Multiple verb movement in ≠ Hoan. Linguistic Inquiry33(1). 1–29. 10.1162/002438902317382161
    https://doi.org/10.1162/002438902317382161 [Google Scholar]
  12. Dayal, Veneeta
    2011 Hindi pseudo-incorporation. Natural Language & Linguistic Theory29(1). 123–167. 10.1007/s11049‑011‑9118‑4
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s11049-011-9118-4 [Google Scholar]
  13. Dobrovie-Sorin, Carmen & Bleam, Tonia & Espinal, Maria Teresa
    2006 Bare nouns, number and types of incorporation. InVogeleer, Svetlana & Tasmowski, Liliane (eds.), Non-definiteness and plurality (Linguistik Aktuell/Linguistics Today 95), 51–79. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/la.95.04dob
    https://doi.org/10.1075/la.95.04dob [Google Scholar]
  14. Harizanov, Boris & Gribanova, Vera
    2019 Whither head movement?Natural Language & Linguistic Theory37(2). 461–522. 10.1007/s11049‑018‑9420‑5
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s11049-018-9420-5 [Google Scholar]
  15. Hole, Daniel
    2015 Arguments and adjuncts. InKiss, Tibor & Alexiadou, Artemis (eds.), Syntax–Theory and analysis: An international handbook, vol.2, 1284–1320. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Hornstein, Norbert
    2001Move! A minimalist theory of construal (Generative Syntax 5). Mass: Blackwell.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Hornstein, Norbert & Lightfoot, David
    1987 Predication and pro. Language63(1). 23–52. 10.2307/415383
    https://doi.org/10.2307/415383 [Google Scholar]
  18. Johns, Alana
    2007 Restricting noun incorporation: Root movement. Natural Language & Linguistic Theory25(3). 535–576. 10.1007/s11049‑007‑9021‑1
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s11049-007-9021-1 [Google Scholar]
  19. 2017 Noun incorporation. InEveraert, Martin & van Riemsdijk, Henk C. (eds.), The Wiley Blackwell companion to syntax, 2nd edn., 1–27. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons. 10.1002/9781118358733.wbsyncom093
    https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118358733.wbsyncom093 [Google Scholar]
  20. Kratzer, Angelika
    1996 Severing the external argument from its verb. InRooryck, Johann & Zaring, Laurie (eds.), Phrase structure and the lexicon (Studies in Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 33), 109–137. Dordrecht: Kluwer. 10.1007/978‑94‑015‑8617‑7_5
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-015-8617-7_5 [Google Scholar]
  21. 2005 Building resultatives. InMaienborn, Claudia & Wöllstein, Angelika (eds.), Event arguments: Foundations and applications, 177–212. Tübingen: Max Niemeyer. 10.1515/9783110913798.177
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110913798.177 [Google Scholar]
  22. Larson, Richard K.
    1990 Double objects revisited: Reply to Jackendoff. Linguistic Inquiry21(4). 589–632.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Li, Yafei
    1990 On V-V compounds in Chinese. Natural Language & Linguistic Theory8(2). 177–207. 10.1007/BF00208523
    https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00208523 [Google Scholar]
  24. Massam, Diane
    2001 Pseudo noun incorporation in Niuean. Natural Language & Linguistic Theory19(1). 153–197. 10.1023/A:1006465130442
    https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1006465130442 [Google Scholar]
  25. Mithun, Marianne
    1984 The evolution of noun incorporation. Language60(4). 847–894. 10.1353/lan.1984.0038
    https://doi.org/10.1353/lan.1984.0038 [Google Scholar]
  26. Moltmann, Friederike
    2006 Unbound anaphoric pronouns: E-type, dynamic, and structured-propositions approaches. Synthese153(2). 199–260. 10.1007/s11229‑005‑5469‑x
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s11229-005-5469-x [Google Scholar]
  27. Nunes, Jairo
    2001 Sideward movement. Linguistic Inquiry32(2). 303–344. 10.1162/00243890152001780
    https://doi.org/10.1162/00243890152001780 [Google Scholar]
  28. 2004Linearization of chains and sideward movement (Linguistic Inquiry Monographs 43). Cambridge: The MIT Press. 10.7551/mitpress/4241.001.0001
    https://doi.org/10.7551/mitpress/4241.001.0001 [Google Scholar]
  29. Nunes, Jairo & Uriagereka, Juan
    2000 Cyclicity and extraction domains. Syntax3(1). 20–43. 10.1111/1467‑9612.00023
    https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-9612.00023 [Google Scholar]
  30. Olthof, Marieke
    2020 Formal variation in incorporation: A typological study and a unified approach. Linguistics58(1). 131–205. 10.1515/ling‑2019‑0036
    https://doi.org/10.1515/ling-2019-0036 [Google Scholar]
  31. Parsons, Terence
    1991Events in the semantics of English: A study in subatomic semantics (Current Studies in Linguistics 19). Cambridge: The MIT Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Piggott, Glyne & Travis, Lisa deMena
    2013 Adjuncts within words and complex heads. InFolli, Rafaella & Sevdali, Christina & Truswell, Robert (eds.), Syntax and its limits, 157–174. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683239.003.0009
    https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683239.003.0009 [Google Scholar]
  33. Ramchand, Gillian Catriona
    2008Verb meaning and the lexicon: A first-phase syntax (Cambridge Studies in Linguistics 116). New York: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511486319
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511486319 [Google Scholar]
  34. Sadock, Jerrold M.
    1980 Noun incorporation in Greenlandic: A case of syntactic word formation. Language56(2). 300–319. 10.1353/lan.1980.0036
    https://doi.org/10.1353/lan.1980.0036 [Google Scholar]
  35. Sybesma, Rint
    1999The Mandarin VP (Studies in Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 44). Dordrecht: Kluwer. 10.1007/978‑94‑015‑9163‑8
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-015-9163-8 [Google Scholar]
  36. Tomioka, Naoko
    2006Resultative constructions: Cross-linguistic variation and the syntax-semantics interface. Montreal: McGill University. (Doctoral dissertation.)
    [Google Scholar]
  37. 2011 Word-internal modification without the syntax-morphology interface. InFolli, Raffaella & Ulbrich, Christiane (eds), Interfaces in linguistics: New research perspectives (Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics 31), 151–165. New York: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Tsai, Wei-Tien Dylan
    2001 On subject specificity and theory of syntax-semantics interface. Journal of East Asian Linguistics10(2). 129–168. 10.1023/A:1008321327978
    https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1008321327978 [Google Scholar]
  39. 2008 Object specificity in Chinese: A view from the vP periphery. The Linguistic Review25(3-4). 479–502. 10.1515/TLIR.2008.014
    https://doi.org/10.1515/TLIR.2008.014 [Google Scholar]
  40. Williams, Alexander
    2014 Causal VVs in Mandarin. InHuang, C.-T. James & Li, Y.-H. Audrey & Simpson, Andrew (eds.), The handbook of Chinese linguistics, 311–341. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons. 10.1002/9781118584552.ch12
    https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118584552.ch12 [Google Scholar]
  41. Wiltschko, Martina
    2009 √Root incorporation: Evidence from lexical suffixes in Halkomelem Salish. Lingua119(2). 199–223. 10.1016/j.lingua.2007.10.012
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lingua.2007.10.012 [Google Scholar]
  42. Zhang, Niina Ning
    2001 The structures of depictive and resultative constructions in Chinese. ZAS Papers in Linguistics22. 191–221. (https://zaspil.leibniz-zas.de/article/view/135) (Accessed2021-10-26.) 10.21248/zaspil.22.2001.107
    https://doi.org/10.21248/zaspil.22.2001.107 [Google Scholar]
  43. 2007 A syntactic account of the Direct Object Restriction in Chinese. Language Research43(1). 53–75.
    [Google Scholar]
  44. 2017 Unifying two general licensors of completive adverbials in syntax. Linguistics55(2). 371–411. 10.1515/ling‑2016‑0042
    https://doi.org/10.1515/ling-2016-0042 [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/lali.00108.zha
Loading
  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): agent-oriented resultative; incorporation; Mandarin; restriction; saturation
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error