1887
Volume 23, Issue 3
  • ISSN 1606-822X
  • E-ISSN: 2309-5067

Abstract

抽象的

本文從歷時觀點完整梳理言說動詞「道」在漢語史中的語法化和詞彙化,就具體詞例一一探討「X道」的生成途徑。由於詞義的抽象化,表認知義的「道」在「V道」格式中快速地語法化,並且開始有了複合詞「X道」的產生,這兩種演化路線共同交織出「道」的近代發展史。相較於漢語其他言說動詞的虛化演變,「道」的詞彙化可謂特別發達。當「道」一路語法化為附著詞屬性的標補詞,期間陸續有「V道」詞彙化的例子增生;而連詞、副詞與「道」複合成「X道」的詞例越多,就越容易重新分析出「道」這個構詞成分。漢語受孤立語類型特徵的限制,雖沒有典型的屈折形態語素,但不完全形態化的語素應是有的,依附於詞或短語的「道」即是一個顯明的例證。

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2022-06-13
2024-04-22
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