1887
Volume 23, Issue 3
  • ISSN 1606-822X
  • E-ISSN: 2309-5067

Abstract

抽象的

本文從字詞對應關係切入,探討上古漢語遞進標記「且」與未來時標記「且」之關係,提出二者屬於同音同形字,來源並不相同。前者源自「」的篇章指示用法,而後者則由表前往之動詞「徂」虛化而成。遞進標記「且」其基本功能為註記「與此同時還有另一需要注意的事況」,後來又發展出註記「超乎預期」的轉折標記與註記「說話人還要提供更多、更進一步訊息」的追加標記。未來時標記「且」其基本功能是註記「行為或事況發生在參照點之後」,後來又發展出註記「選擇關係」的選擇標記。二者循著各自的演變路徑發展。

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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): additive; adversative; alternative; future; qie; ; 未來時; 轉折; 遞進; 選擇
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