1887
Volume 24, Issue 3
  • ISSN 1606-822X
  • E-ISSN: 2309-5067

Abstract

抽象的

本文希望能在前人研究的基礎上更合理地解釋閩南語去鼻化音變(Denasalization)的來龍去脈。首先,本文觀察到閩南語的去鼻化現象中的「詞彙兩分」現象跟中古四聲的聲調兩分存在關聯,且詞彙條件完全一致,兩者的相關性只能用一個同時存在清濁兩套鼻音的階段來解釋,即去鼻化音變發生在清濁鼻音合併之前。其次,本文發現閩南語的去鼻化符合世界語言去鼻化音變的普遍規律:它發生在鼻化元音出現與濁塞音消失之後。最後,本文也梳理了閩南語去鼻化音變及其相關音變的條件與相對順序,構擬了原始沿海閩語表現為清響音的語素,並討論了它跟客家話的聯繫。

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