Volume 24, Issue 3
  • ISSN 1606-822X
  • E-ISSN: 2309-5067



霍爾語群分佈於川西阿壩、甘孜兩州六個縣,屬於漢藏語系羌語支嘉戎語組。本文沿用並進一步闡釋Tournadre & LaPolla對示證式的修正定義,系統介紹中部霍爾語格西話謂語的示證範疇。格西話採用零標記及三種後綴構成的「四元對立」示證體系。說話者報導敘實、自知、過去親歷、現場親察等情況時,對訊息有高度的掌握,無需添加任何示證標記;而三種示證後綴分別代表說話者掌握度較低的三類訊息,即現場察知的「新知」訊息、事後方知的「後知」訊息、以及二手轉知的「旁知」訊息。此外尚有兩種動詞成分可表達近似示證的語意,然而尚未充分語法化成為示證體系的一部分。格西話示證體系的形式與用法都有鮮明的特點,在霍爾語群中具有代表性。雖不能排除藏語示證模式的影響,但主要為自身發展形成的語法範疇。

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