1887
Volume 25, Issue 3
  • ISSN 1606-822X
  • E-ISSN: 2309-5067

Abstract

抽象的

副動詞作為甘青語言區域的重要特徵之一,廣泛分佈在甘青漢語中。雖然學者對它的語義、形態和句法特徵進行了描寫,以及確認此現象並非漢語內部創新,乃經由接觸而來,但對它的語法性質卻定性不準,且未描寫它在限定性、指稱轉換和預指照應等方面的特徵。本文以副動詞「是」為例,基於類型學視角,探討它的形態句法特徵,並詳細考察它的語法化過程,認為它兼有接觸引發的語法演變中「語法借用」和「語法複製」兩種類型特質。本文否定副動詞「是」的藏語拷貝說,而支持它來自阿勒泰類型語言。在區域特徵推移上,副動詞和連動結構在亞洲大陸上呈現明顯的地理互補分佈格局。

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