1887
Volume 25, Issue 3
  • ISSN 1606-822X
  • E-ISSN: 2309-5067

Abstract

抽象的

文章基於吉水方言「來」的功能和句法分佈,結合周邊方言中兩種功能類型的「來」,討論吉水等方言中與即行體相關的強調標記的特點、性質和來源及其類型學意義等問題。強調即時性的「來」在吉水方言中強制與句末即行體助詞共現,可置於謂語VP或句末助詞「來哩」前,但在周邊方言中有諸多句法功能變異。文章在描寫和比較方言現象的基礎上,主張語用標記「來」源於表示意願的連謂結構「來VP」的語法化和重新分析,強調即時性的「來」與完成體助詞同現甚至自主表達即行體範疇,是功能擴展的結果,與普通話中的「了」和世界語言中相同來源的即行體有區別,具有一定的語言類型學意義。

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2024-07-02
2024-07-20
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