1887
Volume 25, Issue 3
  • ISSN 1606-822X
  • E-ISSN: 2309-5067

Abstract

抽象的

Daniel & Moravcsik (2005)認為連類複數標記與真性複數標記同形的原因在於:連類複數標記由真性複數標記發展而來。本文通過對揭陽閩語的分析,證明存在另一種方向的演變路徑:連類複數標記也可發展為真性複數標記。揭陽閩語中來源於第三人稱代詞複數形式「伊儂」(他們)的複數標記具有雙重標記身份,既可用作連類複數標記後附於指人專有名詞,也可用作真性複數標記後附於指人普通名詞。「伊儂」由連類複數標記演變為真性複數標記的關鍵在於:「親屬類普通名詞+複數標記」結構中的親屬稱謂具有雙重屬性,使得連類複數出現了可分析為真性複數的橋樑語境,「伊儂」的真性複數標記身份由此獲得。本文對於兩類複數之間的關係以及複數標記的歷史演變問題,均具有較為重要的類型學意義。

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2024-07-20
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