1887
Volume 18, Issue 3
  • ISSN 1606-822X
  • E-ISSN: 2309-5067
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Abstract

本文以無聲調的維吾爾語和有聲調的漢語的自然接觸作為研究對象,通過田野調查收集維吾爾族人說漢語的第一手材料,以語音標記性差異的視角,觀察、分析維漢自然接觸環境下維吾爾族人學習漢語聲調的具體過程、特點和規律。研究發現,維漢接觸中維吾爾族人以維吾爾語的詞調調型來匹配漢語聲調;隨著維吾爾族人漢化程度的提高,聲調匹配逐步實現由「無序匹配」向「有序匹配」的轉化,這是一個相對緩慢的發展過程,往往要經歷「無聲調意識→有聲調意識→聲調匹配有序化開始→實現聲調有序匹配」等幾個階段;維漢接觸中聲調實現有序匹配需要相當長的時間,是由聲調的標記性高造成的。這一過程可稱為「聲調標記匹配有序化」。

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2017-07-10
2019-10-15
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